Sarcomastigophora


[Notice]

We reproduce the descriptions of morphology from following books;

ref. ID; 1618
Kudo, "Protozoology 5th Ed."
Copyright: CHARLES C THOMAS PUBLISHER, LTD., 1966

and we thank following Scientists and The Society of Protozoologists (The Journal of Protozoology) for quoting text descriptions from their papers.


Genus list

[A]
Acanthamoeba, Acanthocorbis, Acanthometron, Acanthosphaera, Acinetactis, Acrasis, Actinastrum, Actinelius, Actinolophus, Actinomonas, Adelphamoeba, Adriamonas, Agitata, Aletium, Allantion, Allas, Alphamonas, Amastigomonas, Amoeba (Syn. Amiba, Chaos, Proteus, Vibrio, Volvox), Amoenoscopa, Amphidinium, Amphimonas, Ancyromonas, Anehmia, Anemonia, Anisonema, Anthophysis (Syn. Anthophysa), Anthopleura, Apicoporus, Apusomonas, Arachnula, Artodiscus, Ascoglena, Astasia, Asterocaelum, Astramoeba, Astrolophus, Astrosiga, Atlanticellodinium, Aulomonas, Aurigamonas

[B]
Balamuthia, Bawdenium, Belaria, Belonocystis, Bicoeca, Bicosoeca, Bicosta, Biecheleria, Biecheleriopsis, Bikosoeca (Syn. Bicoeca), Biomyxa (Syn. Gymnophrys), Branchipocola, Bodo (Syn. Prowazekia), Bodomorpha, Bodopsis, Bordnamonas

[C]
Cachonina, Caecitellus, Caecomyces, Cafeteria, Calycomonas, Campanoeca, Campyloacantha, Carpediemonas, Carteria, Cashia, Cavostelium, Cephalothamnion, Cephalothamnium, Ceratium, Ceratocorys, Ceratodinium, Cercobodo, Cercomonas, Chaos (Syn. Amoeba), Chilodinium, Chilomastix, Chilomonas, Chlamydomonas (Green alga), Chlamydomyxa, Chromatium, Chromera, Chromulina, Chrysamoeba, Chrysapsis, Chrysarachnion, Chrysidella, Chrysidiastrum, Chrysocapsa, Chrysococcus, Chrysodendron, Chrysopyxis, Chrysosphaerella, Chytriodinium, Cichkovia, Cinetidomyxa, Cladomonas, Cladonema, Clathrella, Clydonella, Clautriavia, Coccidinium, Cochliopodium, Cochlodinium, Codonobotrys, Codonocaladium, Codonocladium (See; Codosiga), Codonodendron, Codonoeca, Codonomonas, Codonosiga, Codonosigopsis, Codosiga (Syn. Astrosiga, Codonocladium), Colacium, Collodictyon, Colponema, Copromyxa, Corallomyxa, Crucispina, Cruzella, Cryothecomonas, Cryptaulax, Crypthecodinium, Cryptobia, Cryptochrysis, Cryptoglena, Cryptomonas, Cutleria, Cyathomonas, Cyclidiopsis, Cyclomonas, Cyclonexis, Cyrtophora, Cystodinedria, Cystodinium

[D]
Dactylospherium, Dallingeria, Dendromonas, Derepyxis, Dermamoeba, Desmarella, Deuteramoeba, Diaphanoeca, Dictyomyxa, Dictyosphaerium, Dictyostelium, Didascalus, Dimastigamoeba, Dimastigella, Dinamoeba, Dinema, Dingensia, Dinoasteromonas, Dinobryon, Dinomonas, Dinophys (Marine species), Diplocalium, Diploeca, Diplomita, Diplopsalis, Diploselmis, Diplosiga (Syn. Codonosigopsis), Diplosigopsis, Diplotheca, Discocelis, Distigma, Distigmopsis, Ditrichomonas, Dobellina, Dolium, Duboscquella, Dunaliella

[E]
Echinamoeba, Eickenia, Endalimax, Endodinium, Entamoeba (Syn. Poneramoeba), Enteromyxa, Entomosigma, Entosiphon, Epipyxis, Errera, Erythropsidinium, Eudorina, Euglena, Euglenocapsa, Euglenopsis, Eutreptia (Syn. Eutreptiella), Eutreptiella (Syn. Gymnastica), Exuviaella

[F]
Filamoeba, Flabellula, Flamella, Fromentella, Furcilla

[G]
Gambierdiscus, Gephyramoeba, Gibbodiscus, Glaeseria, Glenodiniopsis, Glenodinium (Syn. Glenodiniopsis, Stasziecella, Woloszynska), Gloeodinium, Gloidium, Gobiella, Goniodoma, Gonyaulax, Gonyostomum (Syn. Rhaphidomonas), Greeffia, Gringa, Gruberella, Guttulina, Gymnodinium, Gymnophrydium, Gymnophrys, Gyrodinium, Gyromitus, Gyromonas, Gyropaigne

[H]
Haplozoon, Hartmannella, Hartmannina, Helgolandinium, Helikotropis, Heliobodo, Helkesimastix, Hemidinium, Hemimastix, Hemiselmis, Hemistasia, Heteramoeba, Heterochromonas, Heterochromulina, Heterogromia, Heteromita, Heteronema, Heterosigma, Hexamitus, Histiona, Hollandella, Hyaliella, Hyalobryon, Hyalodaktylethra, Hyalodiscus, Hyalogonium, Hyalophacus, Hydramoeba, Hydrurus, Hymenomonas, Hyperamoeba

[I]
Ichthyobodo, Iodamoeba, Isonema

[J]
Jadwigia, Jakoba, Janickina, Jenningsia

[K]
Kamera, Karenia, Katablepharis, Kathablepharis, Katodinium, Kephyrion, Khawkinea, Kibisidytes, Kiitoksia, Klebsiella, Korotnevella

[L]
Labyrinthula, Lagenoeca, Lateromyxa, Learamoeba, Lentomonas, Lepocinclis (Syn. Crumenula), Leptomyxa, Leptophrys, Leucodictyon, Leukarachnion, Lingulamoeba, Lithocolla, Luffisphaera

[M]
Macappella, Macromastix, Malawimonas, Mallomonas (Syn. Pseudomallomonas), Malpighiella, Marsupiogaster, Martineziella, Massartia, Massisteria, Mastigamoeba (Syn. Mastigina), Mastigella, Mastigina, Mayorella, Megamoebomyxa, Menoidium, Metamoeba, Metachaos, Metopion, Metromonas, Microcometes, Microglena, Micrometopion, Micromonas, Minimassisteria, Monadodendron, Monas (Syn. Physomonas), Monochrysis, Monomorphina, Monosiga, Multicilia, Myxochrysis, Myxodictyum, Myxodinium

[N]
Naegleria, Nematodinium, Neobodo, Neoheteromita, Neoparamoeba, Neovahlkampfia, Nephrochloris, Nephroselmis, Nolandella Notosolenus, Nudifila

[O]
Ochromonas, Oikomonas (= Oicomonas), Ophiocytium, Ovalopodium, Ovulinata, Oxyrrhis

[P]
Pachysoeca, Palatinella, Pandorina, Parabodo, Paracercomonas, Parachaos, Paraflabellula, Paramastix, Paramoeba (Marine species), Paramonas, Paraphysomonas, Paratetramitus, Paravahlkampfia, Parmidium, Pelomyxa, Peltomonas, Penardia, Pentamonas, Peranema, Percolomonas, Peridiniopsis, Peridinium, Pernina, Pesonella, Petalomonas, Pfiesteria, Phacus, Phaeosphaera, Phalansterium, Phanerobia, Phloxamoeba, Phreatamoeba, Phyllomitus, Phyllomonas, Physomonas, Phytodinium, Placocista, Planodinium, Planoprotostelium, Platyamoeba, Platychrysella, Platypleura, Platytheca, Plectodinium, Pleuromonas, Pleurophrys, Pleurostomum, Ploeotia, Pocheina, Podactinelius, Podostoma, Polychaos, Polykrikos, Polylepidomonas, Polytoma, Polytomella, Pontomyxa, Porochrysis, Postgaardi, Poteriochromonas, Poteriodendron, Proleptomonas, Prorocentrum, Prosoaulax, Protacanthamoeba, Protamoeba, Protaspis (= Protaspa), Proterospongia (= Protospongia), Protochrysis, Protogenes, Protogonyaulax, Protomonas, Protoperidinium, Protospongia, Psalteriomonas, Pseudobodo, Pseudochromulina, Pseudokephyrion, Pseudoparamoeba (Marine species), Pseudospora, Pseudovahlkampfia, Pteridomonas, Pyramidochrysis, Pyramimonas, Pyrocystis

[Q]
Quadricilia

[R]
Raphidiophrysopsis, Reclinomonas, Reckertia, Reticulamoeba, Reticulomyxa, Rhabdomonas, Rhaphidomonas, Rhipidodendron, Rhizamoeba, Rhizaspis, Rhizochrysis, Rhizomonas, Rhizoplasm, Rhodomonas, Rhynchobodo, Rhynchomonas (Syn. Cruzella), Rigidomastix, Ripella, Rostromonas, Rugipes, Russellia

[S]
Sabulodinium, Saccamoeba, Sahnium, Sainouron, Salpingoeca, Salpingorhiza, Saltonella, Sappinia, Saroeca, Savillea, Schewiakoffia, Schizoplasmodiopsis, Schizopyrenus, Sciviamonas, Scrippsiella, Scytomonas, Serpenomonas, Servetia, Siderodendron, Singhamoeba, Sinophysis, Solenodinium, Sphaeripara, Sphaerodinium, Sphaeroeca, Sphaleromantis, Sphenomonas, Spiniferomonas, Spiromonas, Spironema, Spongomonas, Spumella, Stachyamoeba, Stelexomonas, Stenocodon, Stephanacantha, Stephanocodon, Stephanoeca, Stephanomonas, Stephanopogon, Stereonema, Sterromonas, Stigmamoeba, Stoeckeria, Stokesiella, Streptomonas, Strombomonas, Stygamoeba, Stylamoeba, Stylobryon, Stylochrysalis, Stylodinium, Stylopyxis, Symbiodinium, Synamoeba, Syncrypta, Syndinium, Synhemidinium, Synura (Syn. Synuropsis)

[T]
Telonema, Tetrablepharis, Tetracilia, Tetramitus, Thalassomyxa, Thaumatomastix, Thaumatomonas, Thecadinium, Thecamoeba, Thecamonas, Theratromyxa, Thorntonius, Togula, Toshiba, Toussetia, Tovellia, Trachelomonas, Tremula, Trentonia, Trepomonas, Trichamoeba, Trichonema, Triflagellum, Trigonomonas, Trimastigamoeba, Trimastix, Trizona, Trochodinium, Tropidoscyphus, Tryanophis, Trypanoplasma

[U]
Unda, Urbanella, Urceolus (Syn. Phialonema, Urceolopsis), Uroglena, Uroglenopsis, Urophagus

[V]
Vacuolaria (Syn. Coelomonas), Vahlkampfia, Vampyrella, Vampyrellidium, Vampyrelloides, Vannella, Vexillifera, Volvox

[W]
Wagnerella, Willaertia, Warnowia, Woloszynskia

[Z]
Zygabikodinium


Identification key

Lorica (Theca)

Flagellum

Pseudopodium

Epicone & hypocone (Epitheca & hypotheca)

Stalk

Spine

Chromatophres

Colony formation

Diphasic (possess both amoeboid and flagellate phases)


Lorica (Theca)
Ascoglena, Bicosoeca, Codonoeca, Diplomita, Diplosigopsis, Exuviaella, Histiona, Lagenoeca, Poteriodendron, Salpingoeca, Trachelomonas
Flagellum
One flagellum
Ascoglena, Astasia, Bicosoeca, Chromulina, Codonoeca, Codosiga, Colacium, Cryptoglena, Desmarella, Diplosiga, Diplosigopsis, Euglena, Gonyostomum, Histiona, Khawkinea, Lagenoeca, Lepocinclis, Monosiga, Oikomonas, Petalomonas, Phacus, Phalansterium, Phyllomonas, Poteriodendron, Protospongia, Rhabdomonas, Salpingoeca, Scytomonas, Sphaeroeca, Stelexomonas, Trachelomonas, Urceolus

Two flagella


Three flagella
Dallingeria, Macromastix
Four flagella
Tetramitus
Possess flagellum(a) and pseudopod(ium)
Actinomonas, Ciliophrys, Dimorpha, Mastigamoeba, Mastigella, Multicilia, Pteridomonas, Tetradimorpha
Pseudopodium
Filopodium
Actinocoma, Arachnula, Biomyxa, Chlamydomyxa, Chondropus, Ciliophrys, Clathrella, Hyalodiscus, Labyrinthula, Leptomyxa, Nuclearia, Penardia, Protomonas, Rhizoplasma, Vampyrella
Lobopodium
Acanthamoeba, Amoeba, Chaos, Dinamoeba, Entamoeba, Gephyramoeba, Hartmannella, Mayorella, Naegleria, Pelomyxa, Thecamoeba, Trimastigamoeba, Vahlkampfia, Vexillifera,
Epicone & hypocone (Epitheca & hypotheca)
Amphidinium, Gonyaulax, Gymnodinium, Peridinium,
Stalk
Clathrulina, Codonoeca, Codosiga, Diplosiga, Hedriocystis, Monosiga, Poteriodendron, Sphaeroeca
Spine
Acanthometron, Acanthosphaera, Trachelomonas,
Chromatophres
Amphidinium, Ascoglena, Colacium, Cryptoglena, Cryptomonas, Chrysodendron, Euglena, Eutreptia, Glenodinium, Gonyostomum, Gymnodinium, Gyrodinium, Ochromonas, Phacus
Colony formation
Eudorina, Volvox
Diphasic (possess both amoeboid and flagellate phases)
Naegleria, Trimastigamoeba, Vahlkampfia

Scientists list


We cannot still accept permission to quote some description from following articles. Please allow us to reproduce. (May 31, 2017)
ref. ID; 347, 649, 660, 2092, 2093, 2197, 2359, 2618, 2712, 2713, 3090, 3342, 3652, 3731, 3762, 3985, 4022, 4085, 4090, 4116, 4180, 4209, 4211, 4226, 4688, 4825, 4890, 4898, 5731, 5772, 6733, 6734, 6794, 6796, 7126, 7280, 7294, 7295, 7304, 7395, 7499, 7510, 7577, 7593, 7594, 7601, 7615, 7657, 7692, 7710, 7712, 7726, 7755