Systematics of Nematoda

[Notice]
We thank following Scientists for quoting text descriptions from their papers.

1. Morphological classification (ref. ID; 3570, 3571)

2. Phylogenetic classification (ref. ID; 3547, 7080)


1. Morphological classification

[ref. ID; 3570, 3571 (Sebastian A. Gerlach and Franz Riemann 1973, 1974)] ]

Order Araeolaimida De Coninck & Stekhoven, 1933
Family Teratocephalidae Andrassy, 1958
Genus: Euteratocephalus, Teratocephalus

Family Plectidae Orley, 1880
Subfamily Plectinae Orley, 1880
Genus: Anaplectus, Oligoplectus, Pakira, Perioplectus, Plectus
Subfamily Wilsonematinae Chitwood, 1951
Genus: Ereptonema, Pycnolaimus, Tylocephalus, Wilsonema, Wilsotylus

Family Rhabdolaimidae Chitwood, 1951
Genus: Rhabdolaimus, Rogerus, Syringolaimus

Family Isolaimiidae Timm, 1969
Genus: Isolaimium

Family Aulolaimidae Jairajpuri & Hooper, 1968
Genus: Aulolaimus, Gymnolaimus, Pseudoaulolaimus

Family Haliplectidae Chitwood, 1951
Genus: Haliplectus, Setoplectus

Family Leptolaimidae Orley, 1880
Subfamily Peresianinae Vitiello & De Coninck, 1968
Genus: Manunema
Subfamily Leptolaiminae Orley, 1880
Genus: Alaimella, Anomonema, Anonchus, Anthonema, Antomicron, Aphanolaimus, Aplectus, Assia, Bathyonchus, Chronogaster, Cricolaimus, Cynura, Dagda, Deontolaimus, Diodontolaimus, Halaphanolaimus, Leptolaimoides, Leptolaimus, Necolaimus, Paraphanolaimus, Paraplectonema, Plectolaimus, Rhadinema, Stephanolaimus
Subfamily Procamacolaiminae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Anguinoides, Procamacolaimus
Subfamily Camacolaiminae Micoletzky, 1924
Genus: Acontiolaimus, Camacolaimoides, Camacolaimus, Donsinemella, Ionema, Nemella, Neurella, Onchium
Subfamily Kreisonematinae Khera, 1969
Genus: Kreisonema, Paradoxolaimus

Family Bastianiidae De Coninck, 1935
Genus: Bastiania

Family Axonolaimidae Filipjev, 1918
Subfamily Cylindrolaiminae Micoletzky, 1922
Genus: Aegialoalaimus, Cylindrolaimus, Domorganus, Linolaimus, Parachromagasteriella, Polylaimium
Subfamily Diplopeltinae Filipjev, 1918
Genus: Alaimonema, Araeolaimoides, Araeolaimus, Chitwoodia, Diplopeltis, Metaraeolaimoides, Pararaeolaimus, Pseudaraeolaimus, Southerniella
Subfamily Axonolaiminae Filipjev, 1918
Genus: Apodontium, Ascolaimus, Axonolaimus, Margonema, Odontophora, Parascolaimus, Parodontophora, Pseudolella, Synodontium, Synodontoides
Subfamily Campylaiminae Chitwood, 1937
Genus: Campylaimus, Diplopeltoides, Diplopeltula, Paratarvaia, Striatodora, Tarvaia

Order Desmoscolecida Filipjev, 1929
Family Meyliidae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Meylia

Family Desmoscolecidae Shipley, 1896
Subfamily Desmoscolecinae Shipley, 1896
Genus: Demanema, Desmoscolex, Paratricoma, Pareudesmoscolex, Protodesmoscolex, Prototricoma, Protricoma, Protricomoides, Quadricoma, Tricoma
Subfamily Greeffiellinae Filipjev, 1929
Genus: Calligyrus, Greeffiella, Hapalomus, Progreeffiella

Order Monhysterida Filipjev, 1929
Family Siphonolaimidae Filipjev, 1918
Genus: Cyartonema, Paraterschellingia, Siphonolaimus, Solenolaimus, Southernia

Family Linhomoeidae Filipjev, 1922
Subfamily Desmolaiminae G. Schneider, 1926
Genus: Anticyathus, Chloronemella, Coninckia, Cryptolaimus, Desmolaimus, Linhomoella, Megadesmolaimus, Metalinhomoeus, Nijhoffia, Paraegialoalaimus, Sarsonia, Terschellingia, Terschellingioides
Subfamily Eleutherolaiminae sub. nov.
Genus: Allgenia, Aponcholaimus, Bathylaimella, Eleutherolaimus, Eumorpholaimus, Filipjeviella, Halicylindrolaimus, Metalaimus, Pandolaimus
Subfamily Linhomoeinae Filipjev, 1922
Genus: Anticyclus, Didelta, Disconema, Halinema, Linhomoeus, Monhysteroides, Paralinhomoeus, Perilinhomoeus, Prolinhomoeus, Sphaerocephalum, Tubolaimoides

Family Monhysteridae De Man, 1876
Subfamily Monhysterinae De Man, 1876
Genus: Amphimonhystera, Amphimonhystrella, Austronema, Branchinema, Cobbia, Cylindrotheristus, Dactylaimus, Diplolaimella, Diplolaimelloides, Echinotheristus, Elzalia, Filipjeva, Gammarinema, Gonionchus, Hofmaenneria, Litotes, Longilaimus, Megalamphis, Mesotheristus, Metadesmolaimus, Monhystera, Monhystrella, Monhystrium, Odontobius, Paramonohystera, Promonhystera, Pseudosteineria, Pseudotheristus, Pulchranemella, Sitadevinema, Sphaerotheristus, Spiramphinema, Spirotheristus, Steineria, Theristus, Trichotheristus, Tripylium, Tubolaimus, Zygonemella
Subfamily Xyalinae
Genus: Cenolaimus, Omicronema, Xenolaimus, Xyala
Subfamily Rhynchonematinae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Rhynchonema

Family Scaptrellidae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Scaptrella

Family Sphaerolaimidae Filipjev, 1918
Genus: Buccolaimus, Doliolaimus, Sphaerolaimus

Order Desmodorida De Coninck, 1965
Family Aponchiidae Gerlach, 1963
Genus: Aponchium, Synonema

Family Desmodoridae Filipjev, 1922
Subfamily Microlaiminae Micoletzky, 1922
Genus: Cinctonema, Crassolaimus, Ixonema, Microlaimus, Molgolaimus, Ohridius, Paramicrolaimus, Prodesmodora, Ungulilaimella
Subfamily Spiriniinae Gerlach & Murphy, 1965
Genus: Chromaspirina, Metachromadora, Onyx, Parathalassoalaimus, Polysigma, Pseudometachromadora, Sigmophoranema, Spirinia
Subfamily Pseudonchinae subfam. nov.
Genus: Pseudonchus
Subfamily Stilbonematinae Chitwood, 1936
Genus: Eubostrichus, Laxonema, Laxus, Leptonemella, Robbea, Squanema, Stilbonema
Subfamily Desmodorinae Filipjev, 1922
Genus: Acanthopharyngoides, Acanthopharynx, Amphispira, Desmodora, Metadesmodora, Paradesmodora, Xenonema

Family Xennellidae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Xennella

Family Ceramonematidae
Subfamily Dasynemellinae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Dasynemella, Dasynemoides, Pristionema
Subfamily Ceramonematinae Cobb, 1933
Genus: Ceramonema
Subfamily Metadasynemellinae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Metadasynemella
Subfamily Pselionematinae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Pselionema, Pterygonema

Family Monoposthiidae Filipjev, 1934
Genus: Monoposthia, Monoposthioides, Nudora, Rhinema

Family Richtersiidae Kreis, 1929
Genus: Pteronium, Richtersia

Family Draconematidae Filipjev, 1918
Genus: Draconema, Drepanonema, Notochaetosoma, Prochaetosoma

Family Epsilonematidae Steiner, 1927
Genus: Archepsilonema, Bathyepsilonema, Epsilonella, Epsilonema, Epsilonematina, Epsilonoides, Metepsilonema

Order Chromadorida Filipjev, 1929
Family Comesomatidae Filipjev, 1918
Subfamily Acantholaiminae subfam. nov.
Genus: Acantholaimus, Tridentellia
Subfamily Dorylaimopsinae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Dorylaimopsis
Subfamily Comesomatinae Filipjev, 1918
Genus: Comesoma, Metacomesoma, Paracomesoma
Subfamily Sabatieriinae Filipjev, 1934
Genus: Actarjania, Cervonema, Dolichosomatum, Grahamius, Hopperia, Laimella, Mesonchium, Metasabatiera, Notosabatieria, Paramesonchium, Pierrickia, Sabatieria, Ungulilaimus, Vasostoma

Family Chromadoridae Filipjev, 1917
Subfamily Spilipherinae Filipjev, 1918
Genus: Ethmolaimus, Spiliphera, Trichromadorita
Subfamily Chromadorinae Filipjev, 1917
Genus: Atrochromadora, Chromadora, Chromadorella, Chromadorina, Fusonema, Prochromadora, Prochromadorella, Punctodora, Timmia
Subfamily Euchromadorinae subfam. nov.
Genus: Actinonema, Adeuchromadora, Austranema, Dasylaimus, Dicriconema, Euchromadora, Graphonema, Odontocricus, Parapinnanema, Protochromadora, Rhips, Steineridora
Subfamily Hypodontolaiminae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Chromadorissa, Chromadorita, Deltanema, Denticulella, Dichromadora, Hypodontolaimus, Innocuonema, Megodontolaimus, Neochromadora, Nygmatonchus, Panduripharynx, Ptycholaimellus, Spilophorella, Trochamus

Family Cyatholaimidae Filipjev, 1918
Subfamily Neotonchinae Wieser & Hopper, 1966
Genus: Gomphionema, Neotonchus
Subfamily Achromadorinae subfam. nov.
Genus: Achromadora
Subfamily Pomponematinae subfam. nov.
Genus: Craspodema, Dispira, Minolaimus, Nannolaimoides, Nannolaimus, Parapomponema, Pomponema, Propomponema
Subfamily Paracanthonchinae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Acanthonchus, Biarmifer, Boreomicrolaimoides, Dentatonema, Paracanthonchus, Paracyatholaimoides, Paracyatholaimus
Subfamily Xenocyatholaiminae subfam. nov.
Genus: Xenocyatholaimus
Subfamily Cyatholaiminae Filipjev, 1918
Genus: Cyatholaimus, Dispirella, Heterocyatholaimus, Longicyatholaimus, Marilynia, Metacyatholaimus, Micracanthonchus, Paralongicyatholaimus, Phyllolaimus, Praeacanthonchus, Xyzzors

Family Choniolaimidae Stekhoven & Adam, 1931
Genus: Choanolaimus, Choniolaimus, Cobbionema, Gammanema, Halichoanolaimus, Latronema, Nunema

Family Selachinematidae
Genus: Cheironchus, Demonema, Kosswigonema, Synonchiella, Synonchium, Trogolaimus

Order Enoplida Filipjev, 1929
Family Tripylidae De Man, 1876
Subfamily Tripylinae De Man, 1876
Genus: Abunema, Andrassya, Paratripyla, Tripyla, Trischistoma
Subfamily Tobrilinae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Paratrilobus, Tobrilia, Tobriloides, Tobrilus
Subfamily Monochromadorinae Andrassy, 1958
Genus: Monochromadora, Sinanema, Udonchus

Family Prismatolaimidae Micoletzky, 1922
Subfamily Onchulinae Andrassy, 1963
Genus: Cyathonchus, Kinonchulus, Limonchulus, Onchulus, Paronchulus, Pseudonchulus, Stenonchulus
Subfamily Prismatolaiminae Micoletzky, 1922
Genus: Prismatolaimus De Man, 1880
Subfamily Odontolaiminae subfam. nov.
Genus: Odontolaimus

Family Ironidae De Man, 1876
Genus: Conilia, Dolicholaimus, Ironella, Ironus, Parironus, Pheronous, Thalassironus, Trissonchulus

Family Cryptonchidae Chitwood 1937
Genus: Cryptonchulus, Cryptonchus

Family Tripyloididae Filipjev, 1918
Genus: Arenasoma, Bathylaimus, Diplobathylaimus, Ingenia, Paratripyloides, Tripyloides

Family Trefusiidae Gerlach, 1966
Subfamily Trefusiinae Gerlach, 1966
Genus: Alaimonemella, Cytolaimium, Rhabdocoma, Trefusia
Subfamily Halanonchinae Wieser & Hopper, 1967
Genus: Halanonchus

Family Alaimidae Micoletzky, 1922 (see: ref. ID; 7637)
Genus: Adorus, Alaimus, Amphidelus

Family Oxystominidae Chitwood, 1935
Subfamily Oxystomininae Chitwood, 1935
Genus: Angustinema, Litinium, Nemacoma, Nemanema, Oxystomina, Porocoma, Thalassoalaimus, Wieseria
Subfamily Halalaiminae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Halalaimus
Subfamily Paroxystomininae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Maldivea, Paroxystomina

Family Lauratonematidae Gerlach, 1953
Genus: Lauratonema, Lauratonemoides

Family Leptosomatidae Filipjev, 1916
Subfamily Leptosomatinae Filipjev, 1916
Genus: Barbonema, Leptosomatides, Leptosomatina, Leptosomatum, Leptosomella, Parabarbonema, Paraleptosomatides, Platycoma, Platycomopsis, Syringonomus, Tubolaimella
Subfamily Cylicolaiminae Platonova, 1970
Genus: Cylicolaimus, Metacylicolaimus, Paracylicolaimus, Ritenbenkia
Subfamily Synonchinae Platonova, 1970
Genus: Corythostoma, Eusynonchus, Macronchus, Paratuerkiana, Synonchoides, Synonchus, Tuerkiana
Subfamily Thoracostomatinae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Deontostoma, Pseudocella, Thoracostoma

Family Triodontolaimidae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Triodontolaimus

Family Anticomidae Filipjev, 1918
Genus: Anticoma, Anticomopsis, Antopus, Paranticoma

Family Phanodermatidae Filipjev, 1927
Genus: Crenopharynx, Dayellus, Klugea, Micoletzkyia, Paraphanoderma, Phanoderma, Phanodermella, Phanodermopsis

Family Enoplidae Dujardin, 1845
Subfamily Thoracostomopsinae Filipjev, 1927
Genus: Thoracostomopsis
Subfamily Chaetonematinae subfam. nov.
Genus: Chaetonema, Donsinema
Subfamily Trileptiinae subfam. nov.
Genus: Fenestrolaimus, Trichenoplus, Trileptium
Subfamily Oxyonchinae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Hyptiolaimus, Oxyonchus, Parasaveljevia, Saveljevia
Subfamily Enoplolaiminae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Africanthion, Enoplolaimus, Mesacanthion, Paramesacanthion
Subfamily Enoploidinae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Cryptenoplus, Enoploides, Epacanthion, Filipjevia, Mesacanthoides, Metenoploides, Parenoplus
Subfamily Enoplinae Dujardin, 1845
Genus: Enoplus, Lineolia, Ruamowhitia

Family Rhabdodemaniidae Filipjev, 1934
Genus: Conistomella, Rhabdodemania

Family Anoplostomatidae fam. nov.
Genus: Anoplostoma

Family Oncholaimidae Filipjev, 1916
Subfamily Pelagonematinae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Anoncholaimus, Asymmetrella, Bradybucca, Curvolaimus, Fimbrilla, Pelagonema, Phaenoncholaimus, Pseudopelagonema, Vasculonema
Subfamily Krampiinae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Krampia
Subfamily Oncholaimellinae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Meroviscosia, Mononcholaimus, Oncholaimelloides, Oncholaimellus, Oncholaimoides, Viscosia
Subfamily Adoncholaiminae subfam. nov.
Genus: Adoncholaimus, Kreisoncholaimus, Metoncholaimoides, Meyersia
Subfamily Oncholaiminae Filipjev, 1916
Genus: Cacolaimus, Metaparoncholaimus, Metoncholaimus, Oncholaimus, Prooncholaimus, Pseudoncholaimus, Wiesoncholaimus
Subfamily Pontonematinae subfam. nov.
Genus: Convexolaimus, Filoncholaimus, Pontonema
Subfamily Octonchinae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Octonchus
Subfamily Dioncholaiminae De Coninck, 1965
Genus: Dioncholaimus

Family Enchelidiidae Filipjev, 1918
Subfamily Thoonchinae subfam. nov.
Genus: Ditlevsenella, Thoonchus
Subfamily Eurystomininae Chitwood, 1935
Genus: Bolbellia, Eurystomina, Ledovitia, Lyranema, Megeurystomina, Pareurystomina
Subfamily Enchelidiinae Filipjev, 1918
Genus: Calyptronema, Enchelidiella, Enchelidium, Illium, Polygastrophora, Symplocostoma, Symplocostomella

Family Rhaptothyreidae Hope & Murphy, 1969
Genus: Rhaptothyreus

Incertae sedis
Genus: Acmaeolaimus, Amblyura, Colpurella, Diplohystera, Doryonchus, Frostina, Iotalaimus, Litonema, Longitubopharynx, Macfadyenia, Nema, Notocamacolaimus, Notosouthernia, Nuadella, Pelagonemella, Phanoglene, Potamonema, Pseudodilaimus, Pseudorhabdolaimus, Rhabdotoderma, Rhinonema

[Another taxon]

Family Dorygasteridae (Khera, 1969 original paper) (see: ref. ID; 7652)
Genus: Dorygaster

Family Heteroderidae (Filipjev & Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1941) Skarbilovich, 1947 (see: ref. ID; 5922)
Subfamily Heteroderinae Skarbiolovich, 1947
Genus: Heterodera

Superfamily Mononchoidea (Chitwood, 1937) Clark, 1961 (see: ref. ID; 5938)
Family Mononchidae Chitwood, 1937
Genus: Mononchus

Family Arctidorylaimidae (see: ref. ID; 5942)
Genus: Arctidorylaimus


[ref. ID; 3547 (C. Dolinski, J.G. Baldwin, and W.K. Thomas, 2001)]
Class Secernentea

[ref. ID; 7080 ((M.L. Blaxter et al., 1998)] ref-7080
A molecular evolutionary framework for the phylum Nematoda


Scientists list


We cannot still accept permission to quote some description from following articles. Please allow us to reproduce. (May 31, 2017)
ref. ID; 3547, 3570, 3571, 7637, 7652