Trachelomonas

Trachelomonas Ehrenberg (ref. ID; 4965), Ehrenberg, 1833 emend. Deflandre, 1926 (ref. ID; 4950) or Deflandre (ref. ID; 4966)

Order Euglenales (ref. ID; 4826)
Family Euglenaceae (ref. ID; 4966)

[ref. ID; 1618]
With a lorica which often possesses numerous spines; sometimes yellowish to dark brown, composed of ferric hydroxide impregnated with a brown manganic compound; a single long flagellum protrudes from the anterior aperture, the rim of which is frequently thickened to form a collar; chromatophores either two curved plates or numerous discs; paramylum bodies small grains; a stigma and pyrenoid; multiplication by fission, one daughter individual retains the lorica and flagellum, while the other escapes and forms a new one; cysts common; fresh water. (ref. ID; 1618)

[ref. ID; 3490]
The cell carrys a lorica characteristic to species and has a single long flagellum, a conspicuous eye-spot and a number of discoid chloroplasts. The lorica with a pore from which a flagellum projects, is variable in shape, size, colour and surface ornamentation. The colour of the lorica is changeable pale yellow to dark brown according to amounts of iron salts. (ref. ID; 3490)

[ref. ID; 4965]
The morphology of the lorica is used as a taxonomical character to separate species, varieties and formae. Different types of envelope ornamentations, like punctuations, spines, scrobiculations, warts, tubercles, ridges, etc. have been described in numerous works. (e.g. Deflandre 1926; Huber-Pestalozzi 1955; Conforti & Tell 1986). (ref. ID; 4965)

  1. Trachelomonas abrupta Swirenko (ref. ID; 3517) or Swirenko emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas australis Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  2. Trachelomonas abrupta f. angustata Deflandre, 1926 (ref. ID; 4968) reported year? (ref. ID; 4950)
  3. Trachelomonas abrupta var. arcuata (Playfair) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas australis var. arcuata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  4. Trachelomonas abrupta var. bonnieri Drez.
    See; Trachelomonas abrupta var. obesa (ref. ID; 4950)
  5. Trachelomonas abrupta Swir. var. cylindrica Drez.
    See; Trachelomonas drezepolskiana (ref. ID; 4950)
  6. Trachelomonas abrupta var. minor Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  7. Trachelomonas abrupta var. obesa (Playfair) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)
    Syn; Trachelomonas australis var. obesa Playfair (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas abrupta var. bonnieri Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  8. Trachelomonas abrupta var. obesa f. minor Conforti (ref. ID; 3550)
  9. Trachelomonas abrupta var. splendida (Playfair) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas australis var. splendida Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  10. Trachelomonas acanthophora Stokes (ref. ID; 4950)
  11. Trachelomonas acanthophora var. minor Balech-Dastugue (ref. ID; 4950)
  12. Trachelomonas acanthophora var. rotunda Bal. (ref. ID; 4950)
  13. Trachelomonas acanthophora var. speciosa (Defl.) Bal. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas speciosa Defl., 1926 (ref. ID; 4950)
  14. Trachelomonas acanthostoma Stokes emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)
  15. Trachelomonas acanthostoma var. europaea Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  16. Trachelomonas acanthostoma var. minor Drez. (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)
  17. Trachelomonas aculeata Dolgoff (ref. ID; 3490, 4950)
  18. Trachelomonas aculeata var. brevispinosa Prescott (ref. ID; 3490, 4950)
  19. Trachelomonas acuminata (Schmarda) Stein
    See; Strombomonas acuminata (ref. ID; 4950)
  20. Trachelomonas acuminata Zykoff, 1903
    See; Strombomonas volgensis (ref. ID; 4950)
  21. Trachelomonas acuminata var. amphora Playfair, 1915
    See; Strombomonas acuminata var. amphora (ref. ID; 4950)
  22. Trachelomonas acuminata var. major Skv. (1925) 1926
    See; Strombomonas maxima (ref. ID; 4950)
  23. Trachelomonas acuminata var. massartii Van Oye
    See; Strombomonas massartii (ref. ID; 4950)
  24. Trachelomonas acuminata var. triangulata Skv. (1925) 1926
    See; Strombomonas acuminata var. triangulata (ref. ID; 4950)
  25. Trachelomonas acuta Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas hexangulata var. acuta (ref. ID; 4950)
  26. Trachelomonas aegyptiaca Lemm. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Chaetoglena acuminata Schmarda (ref. ID; 4950)
  27. Trachelomonas affinis Lemmermann
    See; Strombomonas affinis (ref. ID; 4950)
  28. Trachelomonas africana Fritsch (ref. ID; 4950)
  29. Trachelomonas africana var. amphorula Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  30. Trachelomonas africana var. pulchella Bourr.
    See; Trachelomonas naviculiformis var. bourrellyi (ref. ID; 4950)
  31. Trachelomonas allia Drez. em. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3517, 4950)
  32. Trachelomonas allia var. obesa Balech (ref. ID; 4950)
  33. Trachelomonas allorgei Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)
  34. Trachelomonas allorgei Deflandre var. allorgei (ref. ID; 3550)
  35. Trachelomonas allorgei var. brevicollis Conforti & Ruiz, 2001 (ref. ID; 3550 original paper)
  36. Trachelomonas americana Lemm. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas spinosa Palmer (ref. ID; 4950)
  37. Trachelomonas amphora Conrad, 1916
    See; Trachelomonas conradiana (ref. ID; 4950)
  38. Trachelomonas amphora Swir., 1914 (ref. ID; 4950)
  39. Trachelomonas amphora Conrad var. fusiformis Conrad
    See; Trachelomonas foliolata (ref. ID; 4950)
  40. Trachelomonas amphoraeformis Hortobagyi
    See; Strombomonas amphoraeformis (ref. ID; 4950)
  41. Trachelomonas ampulliformis Defl. 1926
    See; Trachelomonas vas (ref. ID; 4950)
  42. Trachelomonas ampullula Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas hexangulata (ref. ID; 4950)
  43. Trachelomonas ampullula var. elliptica Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas elliptica (ref. ID; 4950)
  44. Trachelomonas ampullula var. gracilis Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas gracilis (ref. ID; 4950)
  45. Trachelomonas ampullula var. major Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas hexangulata var. major (ref. ID; 4950)
  46. Trachelomonas angustata Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  47. Trachelomonas anguste-ovata Conrad, 1952 (ref. ID; 4950)
    See; Trachelomonas conica var. ovata (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas conica Playfair var. ovata Playfair, 1915 (ref. ID; 4950)
  48. Trachelomonas angustispina Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  49. Trachelomonas annulata Daday, 1905
    See; Strombomonas annulata (ref. ID; 4950)
  50. Trachelomonas anulifera Huber-Pestalozzi (ref. ID; 4950)
  51. Trachelomonas anulifera var. semi-ornata (Conrad) H.-P. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas rugulosa var. semi-ornata Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  52. Trachelomonas apiata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas arnoldiana var. granulata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  53. Trachelomonas armata (Ehrenberg) (ref. ID; 3490) or (Ehrenberg) Stein (ref. ID; 3517, 3550, 4950)
  54. Trachelomonas armata f. coronata Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  55. Trachelomonas armata f. inevoluta Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas ovalis Playfair, non Daday (ref. ID; 4950)
  56. Trachelomonas armata f. pseudolongispina Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  57. Trachelomonas armata f. punctata (Swir.) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas armata var. punctata Swir. (ref. ID; 4950)
  58. Trachelomonas armata var. armata f. inevoluta Defl. (ref. ID; 4966)
  59. Trachelomonas armata var. duplex Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  60. Trachelomonas armata var. elongata Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas pseudoarmata (ref. ID; 4950)
  61. Trachelomonas armata var. glabra Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas dangeardiana var. granulata (ref. ID; 4950)
  62. Trachelomonas armata var. gordeievi Skv. (ref. ID; 4950), gordeievii Skv. (ref. ID; 4966)
  63. Trachelomonas armata var. gordeievii f. minor (ref. ID; 4966 original paper)
  64. Trachelomonas armata var. javanica Huber-Pestal. (ref. ID; 4950)
  65. Trachelomonas armata var. longa Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  66. Trachelomonas armata var. longispina Playfair emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)
  67. Trachelomonas armata var. nana Balech (ref. ID; 4950)
  68. Trachelomonas armata var. nana Balech f. spinosa (ref. ID; 4966 original paper)
  69. Trachelomonas armata var. ovata Skvortzow (ref. ID; 3490)
  70. Trachelomonas armata var. plancionica Skvortzow (ref. ID; 3490, 4950)
  71. Trachelomonas armata var. setosa Drez. (ref. ID; 4966)
    See; Trachelomonas drezepolskii (ref. ID; 4950)
  72. Trachelomonas armata var. sparsigranosa Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  73. Trachelomonas armata var. steini Lemmermann (ref. ID; 3490) or Lemmermann emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4950), var. steinii Lemmermann emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4966)
  74. Trachelomonas arnoldiana Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  75. Trachelomonas arnoldiana var. decurtata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  76. Trachelomonas arnoldiana var. formosa Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas formosa (ref. ID; 4950)
  77. Trachelomonas arnoldiana var. granulata Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas apiata (ref. ID; 4950)
  78. Trachelomonas asiatica (Skv.) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas planctonica var. asiatica Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  79. Trachelomonas aspera Da Cunha (ref. ID; 4950)
  80. Trachelomonas atomaria Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  81. Trachelomonas atomaria f. minor Hortobagyi (ref. ID; 4950)
  82. Trachelomonas atomaria var. elegans Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  83. Trachelomonas atrata (Skv.) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas crebea var. atrata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  84. Trachelomonas atrata var. pustulosa Conrad (ref. ID; 4950, 4965)
    Syn; Trachelomonas decorata var. pustulosa Conrad, 1932 (ref. ID; 4950)
  85. Trachelomonas australica (Playfair) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas hispida var. australica Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  86. Trachelomonas australica f. invaginata Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  87. Trachelomonas australica var. granulata (Playfair) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)
    Syn; Trachelomonas hispida var. granulata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  88. Trachelomonas australica var. rectangularis Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas hispida var. granulata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  89. Trachelomonas australis Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas abrupta (ref. ID; 4950)
  90. Trachelomonas australis var. arcuata Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas abrupta var. arcuata (ref. ID; 4950)
  91. Trachelomonas australis var. conica Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas conica var. australica (ref. ID; 4950)
  92. Trachelomonas australis var. obesa Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas abrupta var. obesa (ref. ID; 4950)
  93. Trachelomonas australis var. splendida Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas abrupta var. splendida (ref. ID; 4950)
  94. Trachelomonas australis Playfair var. subdenticulata Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas subdenticulata (ref. ID; 4950)
  95. Trachelomonas bacillifera Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  96. Trachelomonas bacillifera f. sparsispina Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas hispida var. niezabitowskii Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  97. Trachelomonas bacillifera var. collifera Huber-Pestalozzi (ref. ID; 4950)
  98. Trachelomonas bacillifera var. globulosa Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  99. Trachelomonas bacillifera var. minima Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  100. Trachelomonas bacillifera var. minima f. sparsispina Deflandre, 1926 (ref. ID; 3550)
  101. Trachelomonas bacillifera var. ovalis Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  102. Trachelomonas banatica (Szabados) Huber-Pestalozzi (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas eurystoma Stein var. banatica Szab. (ref. ID; 4950)
  103. Trachelomonas baikovii Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  104. Trachelomonas bernardi Wolosz. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas volvocina var. bernardi (Wol.) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  105. Trachelomonas bernardi Wolosz. var. legatovii Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas legatovii Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  106. Trachelomonas bernardi f. major Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  107. Trachelomonas bernardinensis W. Vischer emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)
  108. Trachelomonas bernardinensis f. striata Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  109. Trachelomonas bernardinensis var. africana Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  110. Trachelomonas bernardinensis var. transsilvanica Hort. (ref. ID; 4950)
  111. Trachelomonas bidentata Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas coronata Playfair, non Trachelomonas coronata Swir. (ref. ID; 4950)
  112. Trachelomonas bituricensis Wurtz (ref. ID; 4950)
  113. Trachelomonas bituricensis var. lotharingia M. de Pouques (ref. ID; 4950)
  114. Trachelomonas borodiniana Swir. (ref. ID; 4950)
  115. Trachelomonas borystheniensis Roll, 1928
    See; Strombomonas verrucosa var. borystheniensis (ref. ID; 4950)
  116. Trachelomonas botanica Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  117. Trachelomonas botanica var. borealis Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  118. Trachelomonas botanica var. granulosa Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  119. Trachelomonas botanica var. minor Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  120. Trachelomonas bulla Stein (ref. ID; 3517) or Stein emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas pseudobulla Swir. (ref. ID; 4950)
  121. Trachelomonas bulla f. basitruncata Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  122. Trachelomonas bulla var. australica Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas vas (ref. ID; 4950)
  123. Trachelomonas bulla var. regularis Lemm.
    See; Trachelomonas regularis (ref. ID; 4950)
  124. Trachelomonas cactacea Palyfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  125. Trachelomonas calva Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  126. Trachelomonas castrensis Palmer, 1925
    See; Trachelomonas curta var. castrensis (Palmer) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  127. Trachelomonas caudata (Ehrenberg) Stein (ref. ID; 3517, 4950)
  128. Trachelomonas caudata var. australica Playfair, 1915
    See; Strombomonas australica (ref. ID; 4950)
  129. Trachelomonas cervicula Stokes (ref. ID; 3517, 3550, 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas volvocina var. cervicula (Stokes) Lemm. (ref. ID; 4950)
  130. Trachelomonas charkowiensis Swir. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas hispida var. charkowiensis (Swir.) Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  131. Trachelomonas chinensis Skv.
    See; Strombomonas verrucosa var. chinensis (ref. ID; 4950)
  132. Trachelomonas chlamydophora Nygaard (ref. ID; 4950)
  133. Trachelomonas chodati Kuff. & Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas hispida var. margaritifera (Kuff.) Conrad, 1916 (ref. ID; 4950)
  134. Trachelomonas chodati Skv. 1926
    See; Strombomonas chodati (ref. ID; 4950)
  135. Trachelomonas cinkotaensis Hort. (ref. ID; 4950)
  136. Trachelomonas circulifera Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  137. Trachelomonas citriformis Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  138. Trachelomonas claviformis Deflandre, 1927
    See; Strombomonas verrucosa var. claviformis (ref. ID; 4950)
  139. Trachelomonas columba Palmer (ref. ID; 4950)
  140. Trachelomonas compacta Middelh. (ref. ID; 4950)
  141. Trachelomonas congolense Van Oye (ref. ID; 4950)
  142. Trachelomonas conica Playfair (ref. ID; 3517, 4950)
  143. Trachelomonas conica var. australica Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas australis var. conica Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  144. Trachelomonas conica var. caudata Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas helvetica (ref. ID; 4950)
  145. Trachelomonas conica var. granulata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  146. Trachelomonas conica var. ovata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
    See; Trachelomonas anguste-ovata Playfair, 1915 (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas polonica Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas anguste-ovata Conrad, 1952 (ref. ID; 4950)
  147. Trachelomonas conica var. punctata Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  148. Trachelomonas conica Playfair var. richmondiae Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas richmondiae (ref. ID; 4950)
  149. Trachelomonas conradi Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  150. Trachelomonas conradiana Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas amphora Conrad, 1916 non Trachelomonas amphora Swir., 1914 (ref. ID; 4950)
  151. Trachelomonas cordata (Drez.) Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas incerta Drez. var. cordata Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  152. Trachelomonas cordata var. minor Deflandre, 1926 (ref. ID; 3550), f. minor Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)
  153. Trachelomonas coronata Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas bidentata (ref. ID; 4950)
  154. Trachelomonas coronata Swir. (ref. ID; 4950)
  155. Trachelomonas coronetta (Playfair) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas volvocina var. coronetta Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  156. Trachelomonas costatus Phillipose (ref. ID; 3550)
  157. Trachelomonas crassitheca Skuja (ref. ID; 4950)
  158. Trachelomonas crebea Kellicot emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)
  159. Trachelomonas crebea var. atrata Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas atrata (ref. ID; 4950)
  160. Trachelomonas crebea var. brevicollaris Presc. (ref. ID; 4950)
  161. Trachelomonas crebea Kellic. var. dentata Lemm.
    See; Trachelomonas similis (ref. ID; 4950)
  162. Trachelomonas crebea var. obesa Balech (ref. ID; 4950)
  163. Trachelomonas crebea var. spinosa Balech (ref. ID; 4950)
  164. Trachelomonas crenulatocollis Maskell, 1886
    See; Trachelomonas hispida var. crenulatocollis (ref. ID; 4950)
  165. Trachelomonas cribrum Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  166. Trachelomonas crispa Balech (ref. ID; 4950)
  167. Trachelomonas cucurbita Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas helvetica var. cucurbita (ref. ID; 4950)
  168. Trachelomonas cucurbita var. ovata Skvortzow, 1925
    See; Trachelomonas cucurbitiformis (ref. ID; 3490)
  169. Trachelomonas cucurbitiformis Hada, 1959 (ref. ID; 3490 original paper)
    Syn; Trachelomonas cucurbita var. ovata Skvortzow, 1925 (ref. ID; 3490)
  170. Trachelomonas cuneata Playfair, 1921
    See; Strombomonas cuneata (ref. ID; 4950)
  171. Trachelomonas cupula Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  172. Trachelomonas curta Da Cunha (ref. ID; 3517) or Da Cunha emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas volvocina var. compressa Drez. emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  173. Trachelomonas curta Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas minima Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  174. Trachelomonas curta f. crassatiifera Safon. (ref. ID; 3550)
  175. Trachelomonas curta var. castrensis (Palmer) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas castrensis Palmer, 1925 (ref. ID; 4950)
  176. Trachelomonas curta var. cikotaensis (Hort.) Hub.-Pest. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas volvocina var. cikotaensis Hort. (ref. ID; 4950)
  177. Trachelomonas curta var. curta Da Cunha emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550)
  178. Trachelomonas curta var. minima Tell & Zalocar de Domitrovic, 1985 (ref. ID; 3550)
  179. Trachelomonas curta Skv. var. pascheri (Drez.) Skv. (1925) 1926
    See; Strombomonas lanceolata (ref. ID; 4950)
  180. Trachelomonas curta Skvortz. var. punctata Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas lismorensis f. punctata (Skv.) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  181. Trachelomonas curta var. subbernardii Bourr. (ref. ID; 4950)
  182. Trachelomonas curta var. subpunctata Bourr. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas depressa var. punctata Skv., non Trachelomonas curta Skv. var. punctata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  183. Trachelomonas curta var. tubigera Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas volvocina var. compressa f. tubigera Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  184. Trachelomonas cylindracea (Playf.) Popova (ref. ID; 3550)
    Syn; Trachelomonas volzii var. cylindraceae Playf. (ref. ID; 3550)
  185. Trachelomonas cylindrica Ehrenberg (ref. ID; 3490, 3517) or Ehrenberg sec. Playf. (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)
  186. Trachelomonas cylindrica var. decollata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas euchlora var. parvula Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  187. Trachelomonas cylindrica var. hispidula Skvortzow (ref. ID; 3490)
  188. Trachelomonas dangeardi Skv., (1925) 1926
    See; Strombomonas lanceolata (ref. ID; 4950)
  189. Trachelomonas dangeardiana Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  190. Trachelomonas dangeardiana var. glabra (Playfair) Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550)
  191. Trachelomonas dangeardiana var. granulata (Playfair) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas armata var. glabra Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  192. Trachelomonas dastuguei Balech (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)
  193. Trachelomonas de-bruyneii Van Oye (ref. ID; 4950)
  194. Trachelomonas de-wildemanii Van Oye (ref. ID; 4950)
  195. Trachelomonas decora Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  196. Trachelomonas decorata (Skv.) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas intermedia var. decorata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  197. Trachelomonas decorata var. pustulosa Conrad, 1932
    See; Trachelomonas atrata var. pustulosa Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  198. Trachelomonas deflandrei Roll, 1928
    See; Strombomonas deflandrei (Roll) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  199. Trachelomonas denisii Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  200. Trachelomonas denisii var. sphagnicola Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  201. Trachelomonas depressa var. punctata Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas curta var. subpunctata Bourr. (ref. ID; 4950)
  202. Trachelomonas derephora (Conrad) Van Oye
    See; Trachelomonas volvocina var. derephora (ref. ID; 4950)
  203. Trachelomonas diploperlata Conrad
    See; Trachelomonas ovoides var. diploperlata (ref. ID; 4950)
  204. Trachelomonas drezepolskii Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas armata var. setosa Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  205. Trachelomonas drezepolskiana Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas abrupta Swir. var. cylindrica Drez. (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas subulata (ref. ID; 4950)
  206. Trachelomonas dubia Swir. emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  207. Trachelomonas dubia f. acuminata Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  208. Trachelomonas dubia var. lata Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  209. Trachelomonas dubia var. minor Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  210. Trachelomonas dubia var. ornata Szab. (ref. ID; 4950)
  211. Trachelomonas duquei (ref. ID; 4966 original paper)
  212. Trachelomonas dybowskii Drez. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)
    Syn; Trachelomonas intermedia var. levis Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  213. Trachelomonas echinoides Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  214. Trachelomonas elegans Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  215. Trachelomonas elliptica (Playfair) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas ampullula var. elliptica Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  216. Trachelomonas elongata Skv., (1925) 1926
    See; Strombomonas verrucosa var. elongata (ref. ID; 4950)
  217. Trachelomonas ensifera Daday, 1905
    See; Strombomonas ensifera (ref. ID; 4950)
  218. Trachelomonas ensifera Drez., 1925
    See; Strombomonas gibberosa var. perlonga (ref. ID; 4950)
  219. Trachelomonas ensifera Defl. var. grisoli Defl., 1926
    See; Strombomonas gibberosa var. grisoli (ref. ID; 4950)
  220. Trachelomonas ensifera Daday var. longicauda (Swir.) Skv. (1925) 1926
    See; Strombomonas longicauda (ref. ID; 4950)
  221. Trachelomonas ensifera var. ornata Lemmermann, 1913
    See; Strombomonas ensifera var. ornata Lemmemann (ref. ID; 4950)
  222. Trachelomonas euchlora (Ehrenberg) Lemm. sec. Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas lagenella Stein (ref. ID; 4950)
  223. Trachelomonas euchlora var. cylindrica (Ehrenberg) Lemm. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas cylindrica Ehrenberg (ref. ID; 4950)
  224. Trachelomonas euchlora var. minor Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas recticollis Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)
  225. Trachelomonas euchlora var. parvula Conrad
    See; Trachelomonas cylindrica var. decollata (ref. ID; 4950)
  226. Trachelomonas eurystoma Stein sec. Playfair (ref. ID; 3517, 4950)
  227. Trachelomonas eurystoma Stein var. banatica Szab.
    See; Trachelomonas banatica (ref. ID; 4950)
  228. Trachelomonas eurystoma var. klebsii Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  229. Trachelomonas eurystoma var. minuta Van Oye (ref. ID; 4950)
  230. Trachelomonas eurystoma var. nuda Szab. (ref. ID; 4950)
  231. Trachelomonas eurystoma var. parva Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  232. Trachelomonas eurystoma var. producta Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  233. Trachelomonas felix Skv. (ref. ID; 4950, 4965)
  234. Trachelomonas flava Palmer (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)
  235. Trachelomonas flava var. stella Balech (ref. ID; 4950)
  236. Trachelomonas fluviatilis Lemmermann, 1913
    See; Strombomonas fluviatilis (ref. ID; 4950)
  237. Trachelomonas fluviatilis Swir., 1914
    See; Strombomonas lanceolata (ref. ID; 4950)
  238. Trachelomonas fluviatilis var. curvata Lemmermann, 1913
    See; Strombomonas fluviatilis var. curvata (ref. ID; 4950)
  239. Trachelomonas fluviatilis var. elegans Drezepolski, 1925
    See; Strombomonas fluviatilis var. elegans (ref. ID; 4950)
  240. Trachelomonas fluviatilis var. granulata Skv., (1925) 1926 (ref. ID; 4950)
    See; Strombomonas fluviatilis var. elegans (ref. ID; 4950)
  241. Trachelomonas fluviatilis var. levis (Lemm.) Skv. (1925) 1926
    See; Strombomonas fluviatilis var. levis (Lemm.) Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  242. Trachelomonas fluviatilis var. pascheri Drez., 1925 (ref. ID; 4950)
    See; Strombomonas lanceolata (ref. ID; 4950)
  243. Trachelomonas foliolata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas amphora Conrad var. fusiformis Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  244. Trachelomonas formosa (Skv.) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas arnoldiana var. formosa Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  245. Trachelomonas fortii Skv., 1926
    See; Strombomonas rotunda (ref. ID; 4950)
  246. Trachelomonas fragaria Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  247. Trachelomonas fukiensis Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  248. Trachelomonas furcata Dolgoff (ref. ID; 4950)
  249. Trachelomonas fusiformis Defl.
    See; Trachelomonas molesta (ref. ID; 4950)
  250. Trachelomonas fusiformis Stokes (ref. ID; 3550)
  251. Trachelomonas gibberosa Playfair, 1915
    See; Strombomonas gibberosa (ref. ID; 4950)
  252. Trachelomonas gibberosa Playfa. var. longicollis Playfair, 1921
    See; Strombomonas gibberosa var. longicollis (ref. ID; 4950)
  253. Trachelomonas gibberosa var. rotunda Playfair, 1915
    See; Strombomonas rotunda (ref. ID; 4950)
  254. Trachelomonas gibberosa Playfa. var. tumida Playfair, 1921
    See; Strombomonas gibberosa var. tumida (ref. ID; 4950)
  255. Trachelomonas girardiana Playfair, 1921
    See; Strombomonas girardiana (ref. ID; 4950)
  256. Trachelomonas girardiana var. glabra Playfair, 1921
    See; Strombomonas girardiana var. glabra (ref. ID; 4950)
  257. Trachelomonas globularis (Awer.) Lemm. (ref. ID; 4950)
  258. Trachelomonas globularis f. collaris (Schk.) Popova (ref. ID; 3550)
  259. Trachelomonas globularis f. crenulatocollis (Szab.) Popova (ref. ID; 4966), var. crenulatocollis Szab. (ref. ID; 4950)
  260. Trachelomonas globularis var. americana Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas globularis var. boyeri (ref. ID; 4950)
  261. Trachelomonas globularis var. boyeri (Palmer) Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas globularis var. americana Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  262. Trachelomonas globularis var. gigans Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  263. Trachelomonas globularis var. longispina Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas manchurica (ref. ID; 4950)
  264. Trachelomonas globularis var. manchurica Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas manchurica (ref. ID; 4950)
  265. Trachelomonas globularis var. punctata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  266. Trachelomonas goossensii Van Oye (ref. ID; 4950)
  267. Trachelomonas gracilis (Playfair) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas ampullula var. gracilis Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  268. Trachelomonas gracillima Bal.-Dast. (ref. ID; 4950)
  269. Trachelomonas granulata Swir. emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  270. Trachelomonas granulata var. poltavica Swirenko (ref. ID; 4950)
  271. Trachelomonas granulosa Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  272. Trachelomonas granulosa f. globosa (Hortobagyi) H.-P. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas intermedia Dang. var. crenulatocollis f. globosa Hortobagyi (ref. ID; 4950)
  273. Trachelomonas granulosa var. crenulatocollis (Szabados) H.-P. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas intermedia Dang. var. crenulatocollis Szabados (ref. ID; 4950)
  274. Trachelomonas granulosa Playfair var. granulosa (ref. ID; 3550)
  275. Trachelomonas granulosa var. oblonga Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  276. Trachelomonas granulosa var. subglobosa Playfair (ref. ID; 3550, 4950, 4966)
  277. Trachelomonas gregussii Hort. (ref. ID; 4950, 4965)
  278. Trachelomonas gregussii var. cordata Hort. (ref. ID; 4950)
  279. Trachelomonas guttata Middelhoek (ref. ID; 4950)
  280. Trachelomonas hamelii Van Oye (ref. ID; 4950)
  281. Trachelomonas heduma Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas varians Defl. f. spiralis Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  282. Trachelomonas helix Delfandre, 1927
    See; Strombomonas spiralis (ref. ID; 4950)
  283. Trachelomonas helvetica Lemmerman (ref. ID; 3550) or Lemmermann emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Chonemonas acuminata Perty (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas conica var. caudata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  284. Trachelomonas helvetica var. cucurbita (Skv.) Huber-Pestal. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas cucurbita Skv. (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas helvetica var. hispida Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  285. Trachelomonas helvetica var. hispida Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas helvetica var. cucurbita (ref. ID; 4950)
  286. Trachelomonas heterospina Swir. (ref. ID; 4950)
  287. Trachelomonas heterospina var. verrucosa (Skuja) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas orenburgica Swir. var. verrucosa Skuja (ref. ID; 4950)
  288. Trachelomonas hexangulata Swirenko (ref. ID; 3517) or (Swir.) Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas ampullula Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  289. Trachelomonas hexangulata var. acuta Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas acuta Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  290. Trachelomonas hexangulata var. hexagona (Van Oye) H.-P. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas hexagona Van Oye (ref. ID; 4950)
  291. Trachelomonas hexangulata var. lata Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  292. Trachelomonas hexangulata var. major (Playfair) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas ampullula var. major Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  293. Trachelomonas hexangulata var. repanda Prescott (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)
  294. Trachelomonas hexangulata Swir. var. sinica Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas sinica (ref. ID; 4950)
  295. Trachelomonas hexagona Van Oye
    See; Trachelomonas hexangulata var. hexagona (ref. ID; 4950)
  296. Trachelomonas hirsuta Conforti & Ruiz, 2001 (ref. ID; 3550 original paper)
  297. Trachelomonas hirta Da Cunha (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)
  298. Trachelomonas hirta var. duplex Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  299. Trachelomonas hispida (Perty) (ref. ID; 1618, 3490) or (Perty) Stein emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3517, 4682, 4950)
  300. Trachelomonas hispida f. minima Kufferath (ref. ID; 4950)
  301. Trachelomonas hispida f. minor Bourr. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)
  302. Trachelomonas hispida f. patula Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  303. Trachelomonas hispida f. recta Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  304. Trachelomonas hispida var. acuminata Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  305. Trachelomonas hispida var. australica Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas australica (ref. ID; 4950)
  306. Trachelomonas hispida var. caudata Lemm. (ref. ID; 4950)
  307. Trachelomonas hispida var. charkowiensis (Swir.) Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas charkowiensis Swir. (ref. ID; 4950)
  308. Trachelomonas hispida var. coronata Lemm. (ref. ID; 4950) reported author and year? (ref. ID; 4826)
  309. Trachelomonas hispida var. crenulatocollis Maskell (ref. ID; 3490) or (Maskell) Lemm. (ref. ID; 3550, 4950, 4966)
    Syn; Trachelomonas crenulatocollis Maskell, 1886 (ref. ID; 4950)
  310. Trachelomonas hispida (Perty) Stein var. cylindrica Klebs
    See; Trachelomonas klebsii (ref. ID; 4950)
  311. Trachelomonas hispida var. duplex Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)
  312. Trachelomonas hispida var. granulata Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas australica var. granulata (ref. ID; 4950)
  313. Trachelomonas hispida (Perty) Stein em. Deflandre var. hispida (ref. ID; 4966)
  314. Trachelomonas hispida var. hispida f. americana Tell, 1980 (ref. ID; 4968)
  315. Trachelomonas hispida var. hispida f. hispida (Perty) Stein em. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550)
  316. Trachelomonas hispida var. hispida f. minor Bourr. (ref. ID; 3550)
  317. Trachelomonas hispida var. macropunctata Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas macropunctata (ref. ID; 4950)
  318. Trachelomonas hispida var. margaritifera (Kuff.) Conrad, 1916
    See; Trachelomonas chodati (ref. ID; 4950)
  319. Trachelomonas hispida var. niezabitowskii Drez.
    See; Trachelomonas bacillifera f. sparsispina (ref. ID; 4950)
  320. Trachelomonas hispida var. papillata Skvortzow, 1926
    See; Trachelomonas pseudohipida (ref. ID; 3490)
  321. Trachelomonas hispida var. piscatoris (Fischer) Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas piscatoris (ref. ID; 4950)
  322. Trachelomonas hispida var. punctata Lemm. (ref. ID; 4682, 4950)
  323. Trachelomonas hispida var. spinulosa Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas spinulosa (ref. ID; 4950)
  324. Trachelomonas hispida var. subarmata Schroder
    See; Trachelomonas superba var. swirenkiana (ref. ID; 4950)
  325. Trachelomonas horribilis Pascher (ref. ID; 4950)
  326. Trachelomonas horrida Palmer (ref. ID; 3490, 4950)
  327. Trachelomonas horrida var. moeacanthum Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  328. Trachelomonas horrida var. spinicollis Conf. (ref. ID; 4966)
  329. Trachelomonas hungarica Szab. (ref. ID; 4950)
  330. Trachelomonas hungarica var. banatica Szab. (ref. ID; 4950)
  331. Trachelomonas hystrix Teiling (ref. ID; 4950)
  332. Trachelomonas hystrix f. wehrle (ref. ID; 4950)
  333. Trachelomonas hystrix var. obesa Messikommer
    See; Trachelomonas mirabilis var. obesa (ref. ID; 4950)
  334. Trachelomonas hystrix var. truncata Matv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  335. Trachelomonas incerta Drez. var. cordata Drez.
    See; Trachelomonas cordata (ref. ID; 4950)
  336. Trachelomonas incertissima Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas oblonga Lemm. var. scabra Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  337. Trachelomonas indica Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas volvocinopsis (ref. ID; 4950)
  338. Trachelomonas indica var. coronata Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas volvocinopsis var. coronata (ref. ID; 4950)
  339. Trachelomonas indica var. khannae Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas volvocinopsis var. khannae (ref. ID; 4950)
  340. Trachelomonas indica var. punctata Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas volvocinopsis var. punctata (ref. ID; 4950)
  341. Trachelomonas indica var. tubigera Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas volvocinopsis var. tubigera (ref. ID; 4950)
  342. Trachelomonas inflata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  343. Trachelomonas inflata var. crenulatocollis Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  344. Trachelomonas infundibulum Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  345. Trachelomonas intermedia Dangeard (ref. ID; 3501, 3517, 4950)
  346. Trachelomonas intermedia Dang. var. crenulatocollis Szabados
    See; Trachelomonas granulosa var. crenulatocollis (ref. ID; 4950)
  347. Trachelomonas intermedia Dang. var. crenulatocollis f. globosa Hortobagyi
    See; Trachelomonas granulosa f. globosa (ref. ID; 4950)
  348. Trachelomonas intermedia var. decorata Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas decorata (ref. ID; 4950)
  349. Trachelomonas intermedia var. levis Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas dybowskii (ref. ID; 4950)
  350. Trachelomonas intermedia Dang. var. manschurica Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas pseudofelix (ref. ID; 4950)
  351. Trachelomonas intermedia var. minor Tell (ref. ID; 3550)
  352. Trachelomonas intermedia var. ornata Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas subverrucosa (ref. ID; 4950)
  353. Trachelomonas intermedia var. papillata Skuja (ref. ID; 4950) or (Skuja) Popova (ref. ID; 4966)
  354. Trachelomonas intermedia Dang. var. pekinensis Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
    See; Trachelomonas pseudofelix (ref. ID; 4950)
  355. Trachelomonas irreguaris Svir. (ref. ID; 4965) or Swir. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)
  356. Trachelomonas irreguaris var. minor Swir. (ref. ID; 4950)
  357. Trachelomonas janczewskii Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  358. Trachelomonas janczewskii var. minor Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  359. Trachelomonas kalotrachelos Conrad, 1932
    See; Strombomonas kalotrachelos (ref. ID; 4950)
  360. Trachelomonas kelloggii Skvortzow (ref. ID; 3490, 4960) or Skv. emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)
  361. Trachelomonas kelloggii var. asiatica Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas skvortzowiana Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  362. Trachelomonas kelloggii var. balatonica Hort. (ref. ID; 4950)
  363. Trachelomonas kelloggii var. effigurata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  364. Trachelomonas kelloggii var. nana Balech (ref. ID; 4950)
  365. Trachelomonas klebsii Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas hispida (Perty) Stein var. cylindrica Klebs (ref. ID; 4950)
  366. Trachelomonas koliana Hort. (ref. ID; 4950, 4965)
  367. Trachelomonas komarovii Skv. var. zuberi (Kocz.) Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas zuberi Koczwara (ref. ID; 4950)
  368. Trachelomonas kozlovi Skv. 1926
    See; Strombomonas kozlovii (ref. ID; 4950)
  369. Trachelomonas kufferathi Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  370. Trachelomonas kufferathi var. producta Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  371. Trachelomonas labiata Teiling (ref. ID; 3517)
    See; Trachelomonas scabra var. labiata (Teiling) Huber-Pestal. (ref. ID; 4950)
  372. Trachelomonas lacustris Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  373. Trachelomonas lacustris Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas vas (ref. ID; 4950)
  374. Trachelomonas lacustris var. lacustris (ref. ID; 3550)
  375. Trachelomonas lacustris var. ovalis Drez. (ref. ID; 3550)
  376. Trachelomonas lagenella Stein
    See; Trachelomonas euchlora (ref. ID; 4950)
  377. Trachelomonas lanceolata Playfair, 1921
    See; Strombomonas lanceolata (ref. ID; 4950)
  378. Trachelomonas lefevrei (Deflandre) (ref. ID; 4166, 4950)
  379. Trachelomonas legatovii Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas bernardi Wolosz. var. legatovii Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  380. Trachelomonas lemmermannii Wolosz. emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  381. Trachelomonas lemmermannii var. acuminata Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  382. Trachelomonas lepida Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas varians (ref. ID; 4950)
  383. Trachelomonas lilloensis Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  384. Trachelomonas lineata (Massart) Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  385. Trachelomonas lismorensis Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  386. Trachelomonas lismorensis f. punctata (Skv.) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas curta Skvortz. var. punctata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  387. Trachelomonas lismorensis f. tubigera Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  388. Trachelomonas lismorensis var. biseriata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  389. Trachelomonas lismorensis var. inermis Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas volvocina var. compressa Drez. emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  390. Trachelomonas lismorensis var. mirabilis Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  391. Trachelomonas lismorensis var. oblonga Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  392. Trachelomonas lomnickii Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  393. Trachelomonas longicauda Swir., 1914
    See; Strombomonas longicauda (ref. ID; 4950)
  394. Trachelomonas longicollis Wermel (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas wermelii Skv. var. longicollis (Wermel) Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  395. Trachelomonas longissima Pasch., 1925
    See; Strombomonas australic (ref. ID; 4950)
  396. Trachelomonas lotharingiae M. de Pouques (ref. ID; 4950)
  397. Trachelomonas lucidula (Skv.) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas saccata var. lucidula Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  398. Trachelomonas lukoviensis Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  399. Trachelomonas lychenensis Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  400. Trachelomonas macropunctata (Skv.) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas hispida var. macropunctata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  401. Trachelomonas magdaleniana Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)
  402. Trachelomonas malum Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  403. Trachelomonas mammillosa Prescott (ref. ID; 4950)
  404. Trachelomonas manchurica Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas globularis var. longispina Skv. (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas globularis var. manchurica Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  405. Trachelomonas manchurica var. arnoldiana Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  406. Trachelomonas mangini Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  407. Trachelomonas margaritifeta Conrad (ref. ID; 3490, 4950)
  408. Trachelomonas marginella Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  409. Trachelomonas marginella var. nannoplancton Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  410. Trachelomonas maskellii Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  411. Trachelomonas maxima Skv. (1925) 1926
    See; Strombomonas maxima (ref. ID; 4950)
  412. Trachelomonas megalacantha Da Cunha (ref. ID; 4950)
  413. Trachelomonas megalacantha var. crenulatocollis Bourr. (ref. ID; 4950) or Bourr. & Manguin (ref. ID; 4966)
  414. Trachelomonas minima Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas curta Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  415. Trachelomonas minor Palmer (ref. ID; 4950)
  416. Trachelomonas minuscula Drez.
    See; Trachelomonas oblonga var. attenuata (ref. ID; 4950)
  417. Trachelomonas minuta Skv. var. granulata Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas pusilla var. punctata (ref. ID; 4950)
  418. Trachelomonas mirabilis Swir. (ref. ID; 4950)
  419. Trachelomonas mirabilis var. affinis Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  420. Trachelomonas mirabilis var. helvetica Huber-Pestalozzi (ref. ID; 4950)
  421. Trachelomonas mirabilis var. minor Woronichin (ref. ID; 4950)
  422. Trachelomonas mirabilis var. orientalis Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  423. Trachelomonas mirabilis var. obesa (Messikommer) Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas hystrix var. obesa Messikommer (ref. ID; 4950)
  424. Trachelomonas molesta Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas fusiformis Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  425. Trachelomonas mucosa Swirenko (ref. ID; 3490, 4950)
  426. Trachelomonas mucosa var. brevicollis Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  427. Trachelomonas mucosa var. hyalina Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  428. Trachelomonas myersii Skv., 1922
    See; Strombomonas australica var. myersii (ref. ID; 4950)
  429. Trachelomonas myersii Skv. var. australica Skv., 1926
    See; Strombomonas australica (ref. ID; 4950)
  430. Trachelomonas nadsoni Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  431. Trachelomonas nadsonii var. inermis Conforti & Ruiz, 2001 (ref. ID; 3550 original paper)
  432. Trachelomonas nadsonii var. nadsonii (ref. ID; 3550)
  433. Trachelomonas napiformis Playfair, 1915
    See; Strombomonas napiformis (ref. ID; 4950)
  434. Trachelomonas napiformis var. brevicollis Playfair, 1921
    See; Strombomonas napiformis var. brevicollis (ref. ID; 4950)
  435. Trachelomonas napiformis var. elegans Playfair, 1915
    See; Strombomonas urceolata var. elegans (ref. ID; 4950)
  436. Trachelomonas naviculiformis Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  437. Trachelomonas naviculiformis var. bourrellyi Huber-Pestalozzi (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas africana var. pulchella Bourr. (ref. ID; 4950)
  438. Trachelomonas nexilis Palmer (ref. ID; 4950)
  439. Trachelomonas nigra Swir. (ref. ID; 4950, 4965)
    Syn; Trachelomonas pulchra Swir. var. nigra Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  440. Trachelomonas niklewskii Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  441. Trachelomonas niklewskii f. bourrellyi (ref. ID; 4950)
  442. Trachelomonas neotropica Balech (ref. ID; 4950)
  443. Trachelomonas nova Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  444. Trachelomonas oblonga Lemmermann (ref. ID; 3490, 3517, 4950)
  445. Trachelomonas oblonga f. ovata Deflandre, 1926 (ref. ID; 4968) reported year? (ref. ID; 4950)
  446. Trachelomonas oblonga var. angusta Huber-Pestalozzi (ref. ID; 4950)
  447. Trachelomonas oblonga var. attenuata Playfair (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas minuscula Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  448. Trachelomonas oblonga var. australica Playfair (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)
  449. Trachelomonas oblonga Lemm. var. scabra Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas incertissima (ref. ID; 4950)
  450. Trachelomonas oblonga var. truncata Lemmermann (ref. ID; 4950)
  451. Trachelomonas oblonga var. umbilicophora Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  452. Trachelomonas obovata Stokes emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3517, 4950)
  453. Trachelomonas obovata var. klebsiana Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  454. Trachelomonas obtusa Palmer (ref. ID; 4950)
  455. Trachelomonas obtusa f. coronata Wehrle (ref. ID; 4950)
  456. Trachelomonas obtusa var. papillata Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  457. Trachelomonas olla Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  458. Trachelomonas omphalon Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  459. Trachelomonas orenburgica Swir. (ref. ID; 4950)
  460. Trachelomonas orenburgica var. ornata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  461. Trachelomonas orenburgica Swir. var. verrucosa Skuja
    See; Trachelomonas heterospina var. verrucosa (ref. ID; 4950)
  462. Trachelomonas orientalis Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  463. Trachelomonas ornata Skvortzow, 1925 (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas volvocina var. oblongaornata (Swir.) (ref. ID; 4950)
  464. Trachelomonas ornata Szabados, 1940
    See; Trachelomonas szabadosiana (ref. ID; 4950)
  465. Trachelomonas ovalis Daday (ref. ID; 4950)
  466. Trachelomonas ovalis Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas armata f. inevoluta (ref. ID; 4950)
  467. Trachelomonas ovalis var. paludosa (Skv.) Huber-Pestal. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas paludosa Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  468. Trachelomonas ovata Roll (ref. ID; 4950)
  469. Trachelomonas oviformis Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  470. Trachelomonas ovoides Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  471. Trachelomonas ovoides var. diploperlata Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas diploperlata Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  472. Trachelomonas palmeri (Drez.) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas volvocina var. palmeri Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  473. Trachelomonas paludosa Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas ovalis var. paludosa (ref. ID; 4950)
  474. Trachelomonas papillato-punctata (Skvor.) Conrad
    See; Trachelomonas volvocina var. papillato-punctata (ref. ID; 4950)
  475. Trachelomonas parvicollis Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  476. Trachelomonas pascherana Skv., 1925
    See; Strombomonas pascherana (ref. ID; 4950)
  477. Trachelomonas pascheri Koczwara (ref. ID; 4950)
  478. Trachelomonas paucispinosa Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  479. Trachelomonas pavlovskoensis (V. Poljansk.) Popova (ref. ID; 3517)
  480. Trachelomonas perforata Awerinz. (ref. ID; 4950)
  481. Trachelomonas perforata var. compressa Messik. (ref. ID; 4950)
  482. Trachelomonas perforata Awerinz. var. umbilicophora (Conrad) Skv. 1925
    See; Trachelomonas umbilicophora (ref. ID; 4950)
  483. Trachelomonas peridiniformis Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  484. Trachelomonas peridiniformis var. punctata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  485. Trachelomonas perlata Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)
  486. Trachelomonas perlata Deflandre var. crateriphora Conforti & Ruiz, 2001 (ref. ID; 3550 original paper)
  487. Trachelomonas piscatoris Fisher (ref. ID; 1618) or (Fischer) Stokes (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas hispida var. piscatoris (Fischer) Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  488. Trachelomonas piscatoris var. sparsespinosa Huber-Pestalozzi (ref. ID; 4950)
  489. Trachelomonas planctonica Swirenko (ref. ID; 3517, 4950)
  490. Trachelomonas planctonica var. asiatica Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas asiatica (ref. ID; 4950)
  491. Trachelomonas planctonica var. flexicollis Balech (ref. ID; 3550, 4950, 4966)
  492. Trachelomonas planctonica var. longicollis Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  493. Trachelomonas planctonica var. oblonga Drez. (ref. ID; 3550, 4682, 4950)
  494. Trachelomonas planctonica var. planctonica (ref. ID; 3550)
  495. Trachelomonas planctonica var. vermiculosa Balech (ref. ID; 4950)
  496. Trachelomonas playfairi Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)
  497. Trachelomonas playfairi var. oviformis Hortob. (ref. ID; 4950)
  498. Trachelomonas polonica Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas conica Playfair var. ovata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  499. Trachelomonas polonica Koczwara
    See; Trachelomonas schewiakoffii var. polonica (ref. ID; 4950)
  500. Trachelomonas polymorpha Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  501. Trachelomonas polymorpha var. ornata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  502. Trachelomonas praeliaris Palmer, 1925
    See; Strombomonas praeliaris (ref. ID; 4950)
  503. Trachelomonas praeliaris var. curta Skv., 1926
    See; Strombomonas praeliaris (ref. ID; 4950)
  504. Trachelomonas praeliaris var. nana Palmer, 1925
    See; Strombomonas praeliaris var. nana (ref. ID; 4950)
  505. Trachelomonas prismatica Conrad, 1932
    See; Strombomonas prismatica (ref. ID; 4950)
  506. Trachelomonas pseudoarmata Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas armata var. elongata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  507. Trachelomonas pseudobulla Swir.
    See; Trachelomonas bulla (ref. ID; 4950)
  508. Trachelomonas pseudocaudata Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)
  509. Trachelomonas pseudofelix Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4965)
    Syn; Trachelomonas intermedia Dang. var. manschurica Skv. (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas intermedia Dang. var. pekinensis Skvortsov (ref. ID; 4950, 4965)
  510. Trachelomonas pseudofelix var. helicoida (ref. ID; 4965)
  511. Trachelomonas pseudofelix var. ornata (ref. ID; 4965)
  512. Trachelomonas pseudohispida Hada, 1959 (ref. ID; 3490 original paper)
    Syn; Trachelomonas hispida var. papillata Skvortzow, 1926 (ref. ID; 3490)
  513. Trachelomonas pulchella Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  514. Trachelomonas pulcherrima Playfair (ref. ID; 3517, 4950)
  515. Trachelomonas pulcherrima var. latior Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  516. Trachelomonas pulcherrima var. minor Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  517. Trachelomonas pulcherrima var. ovalis Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  518. Trachelomonas pulcherrima Roll
    See; Trachelomonas rolli (ref. ID; 4950)
  519. Trachelomonas pulchra Swir. (ref. ID; 4950)
  520. Trachelomonas pulchra Swir. var. nigra Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas nigra (ref. ID; 4950)
  521. Trachelomonas pumila Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas triangularis var. pumila (ref. ID; 4950)
  522. Trachelomonas punctata Kuff. & Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  523. Trachelomonas punctata (Playfair) Conrad
    See; Trachelomonas volvocina var. punctata (ref. ID; 4950)
  524. Trachelomonas pungens Conrad, 1932
    See; Strombomonas pungens (ref. ID; 4950)
  525. Trachelomonas pusilla Playfair (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)
  526. Trachelomonas pusilla var. punctata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas minuta Skv. var. granulata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  527. Trachelomonas pustulosa (Playfair) Huber-Pestalozzi (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas volvocina var. pustulosa Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  528. Trachelomonas raciborskii Woloszynska (ref. ID; 2251, 3490)
  529. Trachelomonas raciborskii f. minor Hort. (ref. ID; 4950)
  530. Trachelomonas raciborskii var. incerta Drez. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)
  531. Trachelomonas raciborskii var. nova Drejepolski (ref. ID; 3490) or Drez. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)
  532. Trachelomonas raciborskii var. rossica Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  533. Trachelomonas radiosa Fritsch (ref. ID; 4950)
  534. Trachelomonas radiosa var. reticulata Bourr. (ref. ID; 4950)
  535. Trachelomonas rapacea Skvortzow, 1925
    See; Strombomonas rapacea (ref. ID; 4950)
  536. Trachelomonas rapacea Skv. var. longicollis Skv., (1925) 1926
    See; Strombomonas praeliaris (Palmer) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  537. Trachelomonas rara Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  538. Trachelomonas rara var. punctata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  539. Trachelomonas rasumowskoensis Dolgoff (ref. ID; 4682, 4950)
  540. Trachelomonas recticollis Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas euchlora var. minor Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  541. Trachelomonas reeuwijkiana Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  542. Trachelomonas regularis (Lemm.) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas bulla var. regularis Lemm. (ref. ID; 4950)
  543. Trachelomonas regularis (Lemm.) Skv. var. asperum Skv., 1922
    See; Strombomonas aspera (ref. ID; 4950)
  544. Trachelomonas reinhardi Swirenko (ref. ID; 4950)
  545. Trachelomonas rhodopensis Valkanov (ref. ID; 4950)
  546. Trachelomonas rhombica var. planktonica Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas schewiakoffii (ref. ID; 4950)
  547. Trachelomonas rhombus Deflandre, 1927
    See; Strombomonas verrucosa var. rhombus (ref. ID; 4950)
  548. Trachelomonas richmondiae (Playfair) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas conica Playfair var. richmondiae Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  549. Trachelomonas robusta Swir. emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550, 4950, 4966)
  550. Trachelomonas rolli Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas pulcherrima Roll, non Trachelomonas pulcherrima Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  551. Trachelomonas rostafinskii Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  552. Trachelomonas rotunda Swir. emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)
  553. Trachelomonas rugulosa Stein (ref. ID; 3517, 4950)
  554. Trachelomonas rugulosa f. infexa Conrad, 1952
    See; Trachelomonas stokesiana f. inflexa (ref. ID; 4950)
  555. Trachelomonas rugulosa f. steinii Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966), var. steinii Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550)
  556. Trachelomonas rugulosa f. torquata Conrad
    See; Trachelomonas stokesiana f. torquata (ref. ID; 4950)
  557. Trachelomonas rugulosa var. conradi Defl.
    See; Trachelomonas stokesiana var. conradi (ref. ID; 4950)
  558. Trachelomonas rugulosa var. dangeardii Defl.
    See; Trachelomonas stokesiana var. dangeardii (ref. ID; 4950)
  559. Trachelomonas rugulosa var. meandrina Conrad (ref. ID; 4950, 4965)
  560. Trachelomonas rugulosa Stein em. Deflandre var. minima Conforti & Ruiz, 2001 (ref. ID; 3550 original paper)
  561. Trachelomonas rugulosa var. obliqua Bourr. (ref. ID; 4950)
  562. Trachelomonas rugulosa var. paralella Tell & Zaloc. (ref. ID; 3550)
  563. Trachelomonas rugulosa var. semi-ornata Conrad
    See; Trachelomonas anulifera var. semi-ornata (ref. ID; 4950)
  564. Trachelomonas saccata Lemm. (ref. ID; 4950)
  565. Trachelomonas saccata var. lucidula Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas lucidula (ref. ID; 4950)
  566. Trachelomonas saccata var. manschurica Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  567. Trachelomonas sarmatica Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  568. Trachelomonas scabra Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  569. Trachelomonas scabra f. minor Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  570. Trachelomonas scabra var. coberensis Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  571. Trachelomonas scabra var. cordata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  572. Trachelomonas scabra var. elliptica Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  573. Trachelomonas scabra var. labiata (Teiling) Huber-Pestal. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas labiata Teiling (ref. ID; 4950)
  574. Trachelomonas scabra var. longicollis Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  575. Trachelomonas scabra var. ovata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  576. Trachelomonas scabra var. pygmaea Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  577. Trachelomonas scabra var. scrobiculata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  578. Trachelomonas scabratula (Playfair) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas volvocina var. scabra Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  579. Trachelomonas schauinslandii Lemmermann, 1913
    See; Strombomonas schauinslandii (ref. ID; 4950)
  580. Trachelomonas schauinslandii var. mandschurica Skv., 1926
    See; Strombomonas gibberosa (ref. ID; 4950)
  581. Trachelomonas schauinslandii var. minor Skv., 1926
    See; Strombomonas schauinslandii (ref. ID; 4950)
  582. Trachelomonas schauinslandii var. radicans Skv., 1926
    See; Strombomonas schauinslandii (ref. ID; 4950)
  583. Trachelomonas schewiakoffii Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas rhombica var. planktonica Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  584. Trachelomonas schewiakoffii var. polonica (Koczwara) Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas polonica Koczwara (ref. ID; 4950)
  585. Trachelomonas sculpta Balech (ref. ID; 4950)
  586. Trachelomonas sculpta Balech var. asiatica Conforti & Ruiz, 2001 (ref. ID; 3550 original paper)
  587. Trachelomonas sculpta var. sculpta Balech (ref. ID; 3550)
  588. Trahcelomonas selecta Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas stokesi Drez. var. amphora Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  589. Trachelomonas setosa Zykoff (ref. ID; 3490, 4950)
  590. Trachelomonas silvatica Swir. (ref. ID; 4950)
  591. Trachelomonas similis Stokes (ref. ID; 3517, 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas crebea Kellic. var. dentata Lemm. (ref. ID; 4950)
  592. Trachelomonas similis Stokes var. costata Conforti & Ruiz, 2001 (ref. ID; 3550 original paper)
  593. Trachelomonas similis var. hyalina Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  594. Trachelomonas similis var. indica Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  595. Trachelomonas similis Stokes var. similis (ref. ID; 3550)
  596. Trachelomonas similis Stokes var. spinosa Huber-Pestalozzi (ref. ID; 3550, 4950, 4966)
  597. Trachelomonas sinica (Skv.) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas hexangulata Swir. var. sinica Skv. (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas vestita Skv., non Trachelomonas vestita Palmer (ref. ID; 4950)
  598. Trachelomonas skvortzowiana Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas kelloggii var. asiatica Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  599. Trachelomonas sowerbii Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  600. Trachelomonas sparsesetulosa Huber-Pestalozzi (ref. ID; 4950 original paper)
  601. Trachelomonas speciosa Defl., 1926
    See; Trachelomonas acanthophora var. speciosa (ref. ID; 4950)
  602. Trachelomonas spectabilis Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  603. Trachelomonas spiculifera Palmer (ref. ID; 4950)
  604. Trachelomonas spinigera Da Cunha (ref. ID; 4950)
  605. Trachelomonas spinosa Palmer
    See; Trachelomonas americana Lemm. (ref. ID; 4950)
  606. Trachelomonas spinosa Stokes (ref. ID; 4950)
  607. Trachelomonas spinulosa (Skv.) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas hispida var. spinulosa Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  608. Trachelomonas spiralis Playfair, 1921
    See; Strombomonas spiralis (ref. ID; 4950)
  609. Trachelomonas spiralis Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  610. Trachelomonas spirillifera Schkorbatov, 1940 (ref. ID; 4965) reported year? (ref. ID; 3550)
  611. Trachelomonas spirogyra Balech
    See; Trachelomonas verrucosa var. spirogyra (ref. ID; 4950)
  612. Trachelomonas splendida Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  613. Trachelomonas splendidissima Middelh. (ref. ID; 4950)
  614. Trachelomonas stanleyi Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  615. Trachelomonas staszicii Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  616. Trachelomonas stokesiana Palmer (ref. ID; 3517, 4950)
  617. Trachelomonas stokesiana f. inflexa (Conrad) H.-P. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas rugulosa f. infexa Conrad, 1952 (ref. ID; 4950)
  618. Trachelomonas stokesiana f. torquata (Conrad) H.-P. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas rugulosa f. torquata Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  619. Trachelomonas stokesiana var. conradi (Defl.) H.-P. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas rugulosa var. conradi Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  620. Trachelomonas stokesiana var. dangeardii (Defl.) H.-P. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas rugulosa var. dangeardii Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  621. Trachelomonas stokesi Drez. var. amphora Drez.
    See; Trahcelomonas selecta (ref. ID; 4950)
  622. Trachelomonas stokesi Drez. var. granulata Drez.
    See; Trahcelomonas selecta (ref. ID; 4950)
  623. Trachelomonas stokesii Drez. emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 3501, 4950)
  624. Trachelomonas stokesii Drez. emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3501, 4950)
  625. Trachelomonas subcaudata Messik. (ref. ID; 4950)
  626. Trachelomonas subcurvata Proschkina-Lawrenko, 1924
    See; Strombomonas subcurvata (ref. ID; 4950)
  627. Trachelomonas subdenticulata (Playfair) Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas australis Playfair var. subdenticulata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  628. Trachelomonas subglobosa Playfair emend. Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  629. Trachelomonas suboblonga Balech (ref. ID; 4950)
  630. Trachelomonas subulata
    See; Trachelomonas drezepolskiana (ref. ID; 4950)
  631. Trachelomonas subverrucosa Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas intermedia var. ornata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas verrucosa var. ornata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  632. Trachelomonas superba Swir. emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3517, 4950)
  633. Trachelomonas superba f. inevoluta Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  634. Trachelomonas superba var. duplex Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  635. Trachelomonas superba var. spinosa Prescott (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)
  636. Trachelomonas superba var. swirenkiana Defl. (ref. ID; 4950) reported author and year? (ref. ID; 4966)
    Syn; Trachelomonas hispida var. subarmata Schroder (ref. ID; 4950)
  637. Trachelomonas superba var. verrucosa Wehrle (ref. ID; 4950)
  638. Trachelomonas swirenkoi Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  639. Trachelomonas swirenkoi var. punctata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  640. Trachelomonas sydneyensis Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  641. Trachelomonas sydneyensis var. grandicollis Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)
  642. Trachelomonas sydneyensis var. minima Playfair, 1915 (ref. ID; 3550) reported year? (ref. ID; 4950)
  643. Trachelomonas sydneyensis var. obesa Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  644. Trachelomonas sydneyensis var. oblonga Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  645. Trachelomonas szabadosiana H.-P. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas ornata Szabados, 1940, non Trachelomonas ornata Skvortzow, 1925 (ref. ID; 4950)
  646. Trachelomonas tambowika Siwr., 1914
    See; Strombomonas tambowika (ref. ID; 4950)
  647. Trachelomonas tambowika var. australica Stv. (ref. ID; 4950)
    See; Strombomonas ovalis (ref. ID; 4950)
  648. Trachelomonas tambowika var. glabra Skv., (1925, 1926)
    See; Strombomonas napiformis (ref. ID; 4950)
  649. Trachelomonas tambowika var. ovalis (Playfair) Deflandre, 1927 (ref. ID; 4950)
    See; Strombomonas ovalis (ref. ID; 4950)
  650. Trachelomonas taxandriae Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  651. Trachelomonas terminus Palmer (ref. ID; 4950)
  652. Trachelomonas teres Maskell (ref. ID; 4950)
  653. Trachelomonas torleyi Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  654. Trachelomonas torquata Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  655. Trachelomonas treubii Wol., 1912
    See; Strombomonas treubii (ref. ID; 4950)
  656. Trachelomonas treubii var. javanica Wol., 1912
    See; Strombomonas treubii var. javanica (ref. ID; 4950)
  657. Trachelomonas triangularis Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  658. Trachelomonas triangularis var. pumila (Skv.) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas pumila Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  659. Trachelomonas triquetra Playfair, 1915
    See; Strombomonas triquetra (ref. ID; 4950)
  660. Trachelomonas triquetra Playfair var. jaculata Palmer, 1925
    See; Strombomonas jaculata (ref. ID; 4950)
  661. Trachelomonas tshopoensis Van Oye (ref. ID; 4950)
  662. Trachelomonas tubantia Middelh. (ref. ID; 4950)
  663. Trachelomonas tuberculata Middelh. (ref. ID; 4950)
  664. Trachelomonas tuberculata var. nevadensis (ref. ID; 4965)
  665. Trachelomonas tuberosa Skv. 1919
    See; Strombomonas tuberosa (ref. ID; 4950)
  666. Trachelomonas tuberosa var. conspersa Skv. 1926
    See; Strombomonas tuberosa var. conspersa (ref. ID; 4950)
  667. Trachelomonas tympanum Pascher (ref. ID; 4950)
  668. Trachelomonas umbilicophora Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas perforata Awerinz. var. umbilicophora (Conrad) Skv. 1925 (ref. ID; 4950)
  669. Trachelomonas umbilicophora var. deflandrei Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas volvocina var. umbilicophora Defl., 1926 (ref. ID; 4950)
  670. Trachelomonas undulata Conrad, 1932
    See; Strombomonas undulata (ref. ID; 4950)
  671. Trachelomonas urceolata Stokes, 1887 (ref. ID; 4950) reported year? (ref. ID; 1618)
    See; Strombomonas urceolata (ref. ID; 4950)
  672. Trachelomonas urceolata var. girardiana Playfair, 1915
    See; Strombomonas girardiana (ref. ID; 4950)
  673. Trachelomonas urceolata var. ovalis Playfair, 1915
    See; Strombomonas ovalis (ref. ID; 4950)
  674. Trachelomonas urceolata var. zaleskii Drez., 1925
    See; Strombomonas napiformis (ref. ID; 4950)
  675. Trachelomonas urnigera Skuja (ref. ID; 4950)
  676. Trachelomonas varians Deflandre (ref. ID; 3517, 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas lepida Skv. (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas volvocina var. pascheri Drez. (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas volvocina var. subglobosa Lemm. (ref. ID; 4950)
  677. Trachelomonas varians f. acuminata Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)
  678. Trachelomonas varians f. globosa Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)
  679. Trachelomonas varians f. spiralis Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)
    See; Trachelomonas heduma (ref. ID; 4950)
  680. Trachelomonas vas Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas ampulliformis Defl. 1926 (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas bulla var. australica Playfair (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas lacustris Skv., non Trachelomonas lacustris Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  681. Trachelomonas vemiculosa Palmer (ref. ID; 1618, 4950), vermiculosa var. vermiculosa Palmer (ref. ID; 4965)
  682. Trachelomonas vemiculosa var. minor Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  683. Trachelomonas vemiculosa var. tiszae Szab. (ref. ID; 4950)
  684. Trachelomonas venusta Skuja (ref. ID; 4950)
  685. Trachelomonas vermoesenii Van Oye (ref. ID; 4950)
  686. Trachelomonas vermonti Deflandre, 1927
    See; Strombomonas vermonti (ref. ID; 4950)
  687. Trachelomonas verrucosa Stokes (ref. ID; 1618, 3517, 4950)
  688. Trachelomonas verrucosa f. irregularis Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  689. Trachelomonas verrucosa f. sparseornata Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)
  690. Trachelomonas verrucosa var. granulosa (Playfair) Conr. (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas volvocina var. granulosa Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  691. Trachelomonas verrucosa var. macrotuberculata Grandori (ref. ID; 4950)
  692. Trachelomonas verrucosa var. ornata Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas subverrucosa (ref. ID; 4950)
  693. Trachelomonas verrucosa var. spirogyra (Balech) Huber-Pestalozzi (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas spirogyra Balech (ref. ID; 4950)
  694. Trachelomonas verrucosa var. verrucosa f. irregularis Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550)
  695. Trachelomonas vestita Palmer (ref. ID; 4950)
  696. Trachelomonas vestita Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas sinica (ref. ID; 4950)
  697. Trachelomonas volgensis Lemmermann, 1913
    See; Strombomonas volgensis (ref. ID; 4950)
  698. Trachelomonas volgensis var. chinensis Skv. 1919
    See; Strombomonas rapacea (ref. ID; 4950)
  699. Trachelomonas volgensis var. javanica (Wol.) Lemmermann, 1913 (ref. ID; 4950)
    See; Strombomonas treubii var. javanica (ref. ID; 4950)
  700. Trachelomonas volgensis var. treubii (Wol.) Lemmermann, 1913
    See; Strombomonas treubii (ref. ID; 4950)
  701. Trachelomonas volvocina Ehrenberg (ref. ID; 3490, 3501, 3517, 4682, 4950, 4966) reported author and year? (ref. ID; 4826)
  702. Trachelomonas volvocina f. hyalina Klebs (ref. ID; 4950)
  703. Trachelomonas volvocina f. minuta Fritsch (ref. ID; 4950)
  704. Trachelomonas volvocina f. pellucida (Playfair) (ref. ID; 4950)
  705. Trachelomonas volvocina var. bernardi (Wol.) Defl.
    See; Trachelomonas bernardi (ref. ID; 4950)
  706. Trachelomonas volvocina var. cervicula (Stokes) Lemm.
    See; Trachelomonas cervicula (ref. ID; 4950)
  707. Trachelomonas volvocina var. cikotaensis Hort.
    See; Trachelomonas curta var. cikotaensis (ref. ID; 4950)
  708. Trachelomonas volvocina var. compressa Drez. emend. Defl.
    See; Trachelomonas curta Da Cunha emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas lismorensis var. inermis Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  709. Trachelomonas volvocina var. compressa f. tubigera Defl.
    See; Trachelomonas curta var. tubigera (ref. ID; 4950)
  710. Trachelomonas volvocina var. coronetta Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas coronetta (ref. ID; 4950)
  711. Trachelomonas volvocina var. derephora Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas derephora (Conrad) Van Oye (ref. ID; 4950)
  712. Trachelomonas volvocina var. granulosa Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas verrucosa var. granulosa (ref. ID; 4950)
  713. Trachelomonas volvocina var. oblongaornata Swir.
    See; Trachelomonas ornata (ref. ID; 4950)
  714. Trachelomonas volvocina var. palmeri Drez.
    See; Trachelomonas palmeri (ref. ID; 4950)
  715. Trachelomonas volvocina var. papillata Lemm. (ref. ID; 4950)
  716. Trachelomonas volvocina var. papillato-punctata Skvor. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas papillato-punctata (Skvor.) Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  717. Trachelomonas volvocina var. pascheri Drez.
    See; Trachelomonas varians (ref. ID; 4950)
  718. Trachelomonas volvocina var. planctonica Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  719. Trachelomonas volvocina var. punctata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas punctata (Playfair) Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  720. Trachelomonas volvocina var. pustulosa Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas pustulosa (ref. ID; 4950)
  721. Trachelomonas volvocina var. salpinx Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  722. Trachelomonas volvocina var. scabra Playfair
    See; Trachelomonas scabratula (ref. ID; 4950)
  723. Trachelomonas volvocina var. scutella Schiller (ref. ID; 4950)
  724. Trachelomonas volvocina var. subglobosa Lemm.
    See; Trachelomonas varians (ref. ID; 4950)
  725. Trachelomonas volvocina var. umbilicophora Defl., 1926
    See; Trachelomonas umbilicophora var. deflandrei (ref. ID; 4950)
  726. Trachelomonas volvocinopsis Swirenko (ref. ID; 3517, 3550, 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas indica Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  727. Trachelomonas volvocinopsis var. coronata (Skv.) Bourr. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas indica var. coronata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  728. Trachelomonas volvocinopsis var. khannae (Skv.) Bourr. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas indica var. khannae Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  729. Trachelomonas volvocinopsis var. punctata (Skv.) Bourr. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas indica var. punctata Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  730. Trachelomonas volvocinopsis var. tubigera (Skv.) Bourr. (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas indica var. tubigera Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  731. Trachelomonas volzii Lemmemann (ref. ID; 4950)
  732. Trachelomonas volzii var. australis Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  733. Trachelomonas volzii var. cylindraceae Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
    See; Trachelomonas cylindracea (ref. ID; 3550)
  734. Trachelomonas volzii var. inflata Conrad (ref. ID; 4950)
  735. Trachelomonas volzii var. intermedia Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  736. Trachelomonas volzii var. pellucida Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  737. Trachelomonas volzii var. sulcata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)
  738. Trachelomonas wermelii Skvortzow (ref. ID; 4950)
  739. Trachelomonas wermelii Skv. var. longicollis (Wermel) Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas longicollis (ref. ID; 4950)
  740. Trachelomonas werneri Bourr. & Gayral (ref. ID; 4950)
  741. Trachelomonas westii Wolosz. (ref. ID; 4950)
  742. Trachelomonas wislouchi Skvortzow (ref. ID; 3490)
  743. Trachelomonas wislouchii Skvortzow emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas wislouchii Skvortzow var. polonica Skv. (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas zuberi Koczwara var. aculeata Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)
  744. Trachelomonas wislouchii Skvortzow em. Deflandre var. minor Conforti & Ruiz, 2001 (ref. ID; 3550 original paper)
  745. Trachelomonas wislouchii Skvortzow var. polonica Skv.
    See; Trachelomonas wislouchii Skvortzow emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)
  746. Trachelomonas woycickii Koczwara (ref. ID; 4950)
  747. Trachelomonas woycickii var. pusilla Drez. (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)
  748. Trachelomonas xenosoma Middel. (ref. ID; 4965)
  749. Trachelomonas zingeri Roll (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)
  750. Trachelomonas zorensis Lef. (ref. ID; 4950)
  751. Trachelomonas zuberi Koczwara (ref. ID; 4950)
    Syn; Trachelomonas komarovii Skv. var. zuberi (Kocz.) Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)
  752. Trachelomonas zuberi Koczwara var. aculeata Drez.
    See; Trachelomonas wislouchii Skvortzow emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)
  753. Trachelomonas zuberi var. nepos Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)

Trachelomonas abrupta var. obesa (Playfair) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)

Synonym

Trachelomonas australis var. obesa Playfair (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas abrupta var. bonnieri Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)

Descriptions

Lorica 29-31 um long, 25-27 um broad, ellipsoid-cylindrical with slightly arched, sometimes parallel sides, poles broadly rounded. Pore without collar. Membrane yellowish to brownish, strongly punctuate (80-100/100 um2) scabrous, ornamented with granulations or protuberances. (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas abrupta var. obesa f. minor Conforti (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 15-20 um long, 11-14 um wide. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas acanthostoma Stokes em. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)

Measurements

Lorica 21-22 um long, 17-18 um wide. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas aculeata Dolgoff (ref. ID; 3490, 4950)

Descriptions

The lorica 15 um in diameter is small and spherical, and is provided with a small collar and a few long radiating spines. (ref. ID; 3490)

Trachelomonas allorgei Deflandre var. allorgei (ref. ID; 3550)

Descriptions

Pore surrounded by a cylindrical long neck (6-7x4-5) with conical divergent spines at the tip. Posterior end narrowed into a long conical cauda (10-12 um long). Envelope yellowish to deep brown, irregular and strongly punctuated (40-45/100 um2). (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 52-53 um long, 18-18.5 um wide, fusiform. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas allorgei var. brevicollis Conforti & Ruiz, 2001 (ref. ID; 3550 original paper)

Diagnosis

Varietas different a typo parvo longituidine coli, 2-2.5 um longa, 4.5-5 um lata. (ref. ID; 3550)

Comments

This variety presented the same characteristics as the variety type, the only difference being the shorter length of the neck (2-2.5x4.5-5 um), irregular at the distal end. Posterior end narrowed into a long conical cauda (10-11 um long). Envelope yellowish to deep brown, irregular and strongly punctuated (68-75/100 um2). The studied lorica showed numerous bacteria adhered on this surface. These organisms could be considered T. fusiformis Stokes, but in this taxon the cauda is not clearly differentiated from the body as it is in the observed specimens. (ref. ID; 3550)

Type locality

In Chunam lacu, Keung Nam, Corea. (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 43-44 um long, 16-16.5 um wide, fusiform. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas armata (Ehrenberg) (ref. ID; 3490) or (Ehrenberg) Stein (ref. ID; 3517, 3550, 4950)

Descriptions

The lorica is elliptical with a low collar and a number of long curved spines on the posterior region. The typical form is smooth on the surface of the lorica, but those of the specimens examined in the present work are spiniferous on the entire or partial surface. According to Skvortzow (1925), forms spiniferous entirely seem to belong to var. plancionica Skvortzow, ones partially in the anterior half to var. ovata Skvortzow and those also partially in the anterior and posterior regions to var. steini Lemmermann. (ref. ID; 3490)

Measurements

The size is comparatively constant, being 40-42 um in length and 32-34 um in transdiameter. (ref. ID; 3490)
Lorica 43-45 um long, 37-39 um diameter. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas armata var. armata f. inevoluta Defl. (ref. ID; 4966)

Descriptions

The organisms observed from Colombian Amazonia were smaller, 27-30 um long, 24-27 um diam., than those described by Tell & Conforti (1986), 38x31 um. Lorica widely cylindrical or quadrangular with broad poles and more or less parallel sides. Membrane fine and sparsely punctuate. It can be observed a group of areolae (1-2 um diam.), resembling the bases of spines, around the posterior end. Pore with an annular thickening. It is necessary to clarify that the areolae do not resemble broken spines, we observed this character many times and the cut is never so "clean" nor in all spines. (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas armata var. gordeievi Skv. (ref. ID; 4950), gordeievii Skv. (ref. ID; 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 37-40 um long, 28-31 um diam., broadly ellipsoidal or ovoid with anterior end narrower than the posterior one. Membrane yellowish to brownish apparently smooth, ornamented with conical spines (1-1.5 um long) at the anterior end and a crown of very long spines at the posterior one (15-18 um long). Pore surrounded by 10-12 conical spines (1.5-2.5 um long). This variety has been originally described with S.E.M. by Coute and Therezien (1985). (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas armata var. gordeievii f. minor (ref. ID; 4966 original paper)

Descriptions

This forma presents the same characteristics as the variety, the only difference being the minor dimensions of the lorica, 31-34 um long, 29-31 um broad. (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas armata var. longispina Playfair emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 39-41 um long, 29-31 um broad, ellipsoid. Membrane yellowish sometimes colourless, finely punctuate (120-150/100 um2) and with conical spines (1.8-2x0.3-0.5 um) regularly distributed (6-10/100 um2). Posterior end ornamented with a crown of very long curved spines (12-14x2-3 um). This variety was already described with S.E.M. by Coute & Iltis (1981) and Coute & Therezien (1985). (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas armata var. nana Balech f. spinosa (ref. ID; 4966 original paper)

Descriptions

Lorica 29-32 um long, 25-27 um broad, ellipsoid or slightly ovoid with rounded ends, anterior end narrower than the posterior one. Pore surrounded by a crown of 8-12 short conical spines (1-1.5 um long). Membrane yellowish to deep brown, with closely distributed punctuations and very scattered (13-15/100 um2) short conical spines (0.8-1 um long). Posterior end ornamented with a crown of well developed (10-12 um long), curved, more or less convergent conical spines. Balech in his description of var. nana, reported "ovoid with flattened poles, specially the posterior one..." and this fact is shown in his photo 184, although in the fig.65, the anterior pole is very much narrower than the posterior one. This forma presents the characteristics of the type variety, the only difference being the short conical spines that ornamented the pore and the body of the lorica. Balech's variety shows only a posterior crown of long spines. (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas armata var. setosa Drez. (ref. ID; 4966)

See

Trachelomonas drezepolskii (ref. ID; 4950)

Descriptions

Lorica 35-38 um long, 27-29 um broad, ellipsoid. Membrane finely punctuate (120-150/100 um2) with scattered (10-20/100 um2) conical spines (0.3-0.5 um long). Posterior end ornamented with a crown of long spines (6-8 um), straight or slightly divergent. Pore without collar surrounded by short spines at the distal end. This variety could be considered T. superba var. swirenkiana, but this taxon the spines are not regularly distributed on the body surface, as in the specimen shown. Moreover, the length/breadth ratio in our specimens is closer to that in T. armata var. setosa than in T. superba var. swirenkiana. (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas armata var. steini Lemmermann (ref. ID; 3490) or Lemmermann emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4950), var. steinii Lemmermann emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 34-37 um long, 29-32 um broad, ellipsoid with both ends rounded. Membrane finely (100-150/100 um2) punctuate. Anterior end ornamented with conical spines of variable length (0.5-1.5 um long) and very long curved spines (8-12 um long) at the posterior one. Pore surrounded by an annular thickening ornamented with a crown of spines (1-2 um long). This variety has been described with S.E.M. by Coute & Iltis (1981) and Conforti & Tell (1986). (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas australica var. granulata (Playfair) Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)

Synonym

Trachelomonas hispida var. granulata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)

Descriptions

Lorica 22-24 um long, 17-21 um broad, ellipsoid. Membrane finely punctuate (80-100/100 um2), ornamented with short conical spines densely (30-50/100 um2) distributed, sometimes the ornamentation includes granules or papillae loosely arranged. Pore surrounded by a double annular thickening dentate at the distal end. (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas bacillifera var. minima f. sparsispina Deflandre, 1926 (ref. ID; 3550)

Descriptions

Pore without collar (2.5-3 um diameter), surrounded by blunt spines whose length is equal to the ones on the body of the lorica. Envelope reddish-brown, regularly punctuated (96-100/100 um2) ornated with obtuse short spines (0.5-1 um long) sparsely distributed (20-25/100 um2). Several studied specimens showed numerous bacteria adhered on their surface. (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 18.5-19 um long, 17.5-19 um wide, ellipsoid to ovoid. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas bernardinensis W. Vischer emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 35-37 um long, 18-20 um broad, elongate-ellipsoid with the sides usually regularly arched, but sometimes slightly attenuated towards the anterior end. Membrane deep brown sparsely punctuate with numerous adhered particles on its surface. Pore surrounded by a wide conical collar (3-4x5.5 um) with spines or crenulate at the tip. Posterior end gradually tapering to a conical cauda. (ref. ID; 4966)

Comments

Deflandre (1926) described this taxon as showing a strongly scrobiculated membrane. Within the material examined, we found a pool of specimens, with a punctuated membrane that presented variable quantities of agglutinated particles. Perhaps, this material could appear as scrobiculations in light microscope. (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas cervicula Stokes (ref. ID; 3517, 3550, 4950)

Synonym

Trachelomonas volvocina var. cervicula (Stokes) Lemm. (ref. ID; 4950)

Measurements

Lorica 30-32 um diameter. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas cordata var. minor Deflandre, 1926 (ref. ID; 3550), f. minor Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)

Descriptions

Pore surrounded by a right cylindrical collar 1-1.5x2-2.5 um, which present an external, very thin, basal, annular thickening. (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 12-13 um long, 11-12 um diameter, globular, slightly acuminate to the posterior end, smooth in surface. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas crebea Kellicot emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)

Measurements

Lorica 21-23 um long, 16-18 um wide, neck 3x3-3.5 um. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas cucurbitiformis Hada, 1959 (ref. ID; 3490 original paper)

Synonym

Trachelomonas cucurbita var. ovata Skvortzow, 1925 (ref. ID; 3490)

Descriptions

The lorica is pod-shaped with a cylindrical collar and blunt posterior end, and light or dark brown in colour. (ref. ID; 3490)

Comments

The form studied in the present work is obviously identified with Skvortzow's T. cucurbita var. ovata, but ovata had been previously used for varieties of other species, therefore, the author has given the new name to the invalid one. (ref. ID; 3490)

Measurements

A few specimens as long as 32-42 um and as broad as 12-16 um. (ref. ID; 3490)

Trachelomonas curta var. curta Da Cunha emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 17-30 um long, 20-31 um diameter. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas curta var. minima Tell & Zalocar de Domitrovic, 1985 (ref. ID; 3550)

Descriptions

Lorica compressed globose, smooth. Pore 2.5-3 um diameter, surrounded by an annular thickening. (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 12-13.5 um long, 13-14.5 um diameter. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas cylindracea (Playf.) Popova (ref. ID; 3550)

Synonym

Trachelomonas volzii var. cylindraceae Playf. (ref. ID; 3550)

Descriptions

Posterior end broadly rounded, anterior end conical, narrowed into a cylindrical, right, long collar (4-6x4 um). Lorica smooth. (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 36-38 um long, 12.5-14 um wide, cylindrical. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas cylindrica Ehrenberg (ref. ID; 3490, 3517) or Ehrenberg sec. Playf. (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)

Descriptions

The lorica is small, being 15 um long and 8 um broad, and oblong with a low collar. (ref. ID; 3490)
Lorica 17-18 um long, 8.5-10 um wide, cylindrical, posterior end rounded, anterior end slightly flattened with pore surrounded by a very short neck (0.5 um long). Envelope hyaline to yellowish, smooth. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas cylindrica var. hispidula Skvortzow (ref. ID; 3490)

Descriptions

The lorica of the variety is distinguishable from one of the typical in being spiniferous on the entire surface. (ref. ID; 3490)

Measurements

The size of the typical form is larger than that of the var. hispidula, being as long as 25-33 um and as broad as 15-18 um. (ref. ID; 3490)

Trachelomonas dangeardiana var. glabra (Playfair) Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550)

Descriptions

Ends broader rounded. Envelope dark brown, finely punctuated ornate with a crown of long conical spines (5-6 um long) at the posterior end. These spines presented clear pores in its bases. (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 33-34 um long, 21-23 um diameter. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas dastuguei Balech (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 54-59 um long, 16-20 um broad, spindle-shaped, sides regularly arched. Anterior end narrowed into a cylindrical neck (8-9x5-6 um). Posterior end gradually tapering towards a subconical tail (12-13x5-6 um). Membrane yellowish to deep brown, punctuated and ornamented with conical spines arranged in definite areas. Around the distal end of the neck there is a crown of 5-6 robust spines (4-5x1.5-2 um). The body presents conical spines of variable length: the longer ones are located on the ends and the smaller (1.5-2x0.5-1 um) spines are distributed scattered (7-10/100 um2) on the central part of the body. The tail is like a truncated cone with 4 robust spines (4-5x1-1.5 um) on the free end. (ref. ID; 4966)

Comments

From comparison with other descriptions of this species in S.E.M., we can conclude that the number punctuations seems to be very variable: from 60-70/100 um2 (Tell & Coute 1980) or 80-85/100 um2 (Conforti and Tell 1986), to very scattered, as we observed in our materials (20-40/100 um2). (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas duquei (ref. ID; 4966 original paper)

Descriptions

Lorica 36-37 um long, 31-33 um wide, broadly ovate with regularly arched sides. Anterior and posterior ends obtusely rounded to flattened. Membrane brown, strongly punctuated (82-90/100 um2) and ornamented with conical spines (1.5-2.5 um long), irregularly distributed (11-15/100 um2). The punctuations are so large (0.4-2 um diam.) and variable in shape, that this feature suggests that some of the might be the result of fusions. (ref. ID; 4966)

Comments

This newly established species resembles T. allia var. obesa Balech (30-32x23-25 um), but it differs mainly in its larger dimensions, the anterior and posterior end flattened, the clearly arched sides and the strongly punctuated membrane. The shape of our specimens does not resemble T. bacillifera Playf.: sides are more curved in the latter and the length/breadth ratio is also different. (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas dybowskii Drez. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)

Synonym

Trachelomonas intermedia var. levis Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)

Descriptions

Lorica 24-26 um long, 21-23 um wide, broadly ellipsoidal with slightly arched or parallel sides, uniformly rounded poles. Membrane smooth, yellowish-brown. Pore without collar, sometimes surrounded by an annular thickening. (ref. ID; 4966)

Comments

The organisms from Colombian Amazonia were bigger than those described by Drezepolski (1921/22); 18-22x15-19 um). (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas flava Palmer (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)

Descriptions

Pore (1.5-2 um diameter) surrounded by an internal annular thickening. Envelope very sparsely punctuated, ornamented with very short rounded papilla. (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 8-10 um long, 9-10 um diameter, compressed globose. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas fusiformis Stokes (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 51-69 um long, 17-26 um wide. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas globularis f. collaris (Schk.) Popova (ref. ID; 3550)

Descriptions

Pore large (3.5-4.5 um diameter) surrounded by a short collar. Envelope ornamented with scarce short conical spines (0.8-1.5 um long) scattered at irregular distances from each other (20-25/100 um2) and very little papilla densely distributed. (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 12-13 um long, 11-12 um wide, spherical. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas globularis f. crenulatocollis (Szab.) Popova (ref. ID; 4966), var. crenulatocollis Szab. (ref. ID; 4950)

Descriptions

Lorica 20-22 um long, 19-21 um broad, subspherical. Pore surrounded by a very short collar (0.5-1 um), irregularly dentate. Membrane brownish, with short conical spines (1-1.5 um long) very scatterly distributed (12-15/100 um2). (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas granulosa Playfair var. granulosa (ref. ID; 3550)

Descriptions

Pore (2-2.5 um diameter) surrounded by an annular thickening. Envelope finely punctuated (148-160/100 um2), ornamented with very short projections, irregularly distributed (150-160/100 um2) and numerous small papillae, closely disposed. (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 15-17 um long, 12.5-14 um wide, ovoid. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas granulosa var. subglobosa Playfair (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)

Descriptions

Pore (1.5-2 um diameter) provided with an annular thickening. Envelope finely punctuated (380-400/100 um2), ornamented with very short projections irregularly distributed (150-160/100 um2). (ref. ID; 3550)
Lorica 26-28 um long, 24-26 um broad, subspherical. Membrane yellowish or reddish-brown, loosely punctuated (50-100 um2), ornamented with short obtuse spines (0.5x0.8 um long) irregularly scattered (10-15/100 um2), which confers to the contour of the lorica an undulate appearance. Pore without collar. (ref. ID; 4966)

Measurements

Lorica 17-19 um long, 16-17 um wide, subglobose. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas helvetica Lemmermann (ref. ID; 3550) or Lemmermann emend. Defl. (ref. ID; 4950)

Synonym

Chonemonas acuminata Perty (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas conica var. caudata Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)

Descriptions

Anterior end rounded, sides regularly arched, narrowed at the posterior end into a conical rounded short cauda (4-4.5 um long). Pore large, surrounded by strong conical spines (1.5-2 um long). Envelope deep brown, regular and finely punctuated, ornated with scattered (35-40/100 um2) conical spines (1-1.5 um long). (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 30-30.5 um long, 15-15.5 um wide, ellipsoid to ovoid. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas hexangulata var. repanda Prescott (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)

Measurements

Lorica 43-45 um long, 19-20.5 um wide. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas hirsuta Conforti & Ruiz, 2001 (ref. ID; 3550 original paper)

Descriptions

Pore 1.8-2 um diameter, with an annular thickening, surrounded by conical spines. Lorica dark brown to reddish brown, very finely punctuated (180-200/100 cm2) and ornamented by conical spines (1-1.5 um, long) very dense and regularly distributed (44-50/100 cm2). In observations made with high magnification, we could observe that the spines bases are connected, which determine that the envelope presents irregular thick in optical view. (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 16-18 um long, 14-16 um diameter, ellipsoid. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas hirta Da Cunha (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 21-24 um long, 19-21 um wide, broadly ellipsoidal with round ends to subspherical. Pore without collar. Membrane reddish-brown to deep brown, notoriously punctuated (80-100/100 um2) with long conical spines (2-3 um long) irregularly distributed (8-10/100 um2). This species was already described with S.E.M. by Conforti and Tell (1986). (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas hispida (Perty) (ref. ID; 1618, 3490) or (Perty) Stein em. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3517, 4682, 4950)

Descriptions

Lorica oval, with numerous minute spines; brownish; 8-10 chromatophores; many varieties. (ref. ID; 1618)
The lorica is ellipsoid with a low collar, hispidulous on the entire surface, and yellowish brown in colour. (ref. ID; 3490)

Measurements

20-42 by 15-26 um. (ref. ID; 1618)
Its size is variable 28-32 um in length and 20-22 um in transdiameter. (ref. ID; 3490)

Trachelomonas hispida f. minor Bourr. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 21-23 um long, 16-18 um broad, ellipsoid, covered densely (15-20/100 um2) with short conical pointed spines (1-1.5 um long). Pore with or without annular thickening surrounded by spines (1-2 um long). Membrane yellowish or reddish-brown finely (100-200/100 um2) punctuated. This species has been already described with S.E.M. by Coute & Iltis (1981). (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas hispida var. crenulatocollis Maskell (ref. ID; 3490) or (Maskell) Lemm. (ref. ID; 3550, 4950, 4966)

Synonym

Trachelomonas crenulatocollis Maskell, 1886 (ref. ID; 4950)

Descriptions

The lorica of the variety differs from one of the typical form in having a higher collar with radial spines projecting anterior wards at the margin. (ref. ID; 3490)
Lorica 26-32 um long, 20-23 um broad, ellipsoid, strongly and irregularly punctuate (80-100/100 um2) with scattered (9-15/100 um2) conical spines (0.5-1.5 um long), distributed mainly around the ends. Pore surrounded by a cylindrical neck ornamented with 10-12 spines at the tip, which are longer than those in the body, which diverge distally. The observed specimens presented the neck almost cylindrical; notwithstanding, we shouldn't say our specimens belong to f. recta because the spines are divergent from the edge of the neck. (ref. ID; 4966)

Measurements

Lorica 22.5-24 um long, 15.5-16 um wide; collar 3-3.5x4-4.5 um. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas hispida var. duplex Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 28-30 um long, 23-25 um broad, ellipsoid. Membrane yellowish to reddish-brown notoriously punctuate (80-100/100 um2), with short conical spines irregularly distributed mainly around the ends, some also scattered on the middle surface. Pore surrounded by a depressed annular thickening. This species was already described with S.E.M. by Coute and Therezien (1985). (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas hispida (Perty) Stein em. Deflandre var. hispida (ref. ID; 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 21-23 um long, 18-20 um broad, ellipsoid. Pore surrounded by an annular thickening. Membrane deep to reddish-brown, finely punctuated (84-100 um2) with short conical pointed spines (0.7-1 um long), scatterly distributed (50-70/100 um2), among these there are very little papillae irregularly located. (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas hispida var. hispida f. hispida (Perty) Stein em. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 23-26 um long, 21-22 um wide. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas hispida var. hispida f. minor Bourr. (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 18-20 um long, 14-17 um diameter. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas horrida Palmer (ref. ID; 3490, 4950)

Descriptions

The lorica is oblong, being 38-40 um in length and 27-28 um in transdiameter, and has a wide collar and radiating strong spines of lengths of 6-10 um on the entire surface. (ref. ID; 3490)

Trachelomonas horrida var. spinicollis Conf. (ref. ID; 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 39-41 um long, 25-27 um broad, ellipsoid. Pore surrounded by a cylindrical collar (5.5-6x4.5-5 um) with conical spines (1-1.5 um long) at the distal end and some others placed on the lateral. Membrane reddish-brown, punctuated, ornamented with robust conical spines (3.5-4 um long), irregularly distributed (32-38/100 um2), among these spines little granulations are present. This variety was originally described by Conforti (1993) in materials from Camaleao Lake (Brazil). (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas intermedia var. minor Tell (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 12-13 um long, 10-11 um wide. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas intermedia var. papillata Skuja (ref. ID; 4950) or (Skuja) Popova (ref. ID; 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 24-27 um long, 21-23 um broad, ellipsoid. Membrane finely punctuated (100-200/100 um2) ornamented with short conical spines scatterly (10-20/100 um2) distributed. This variety was originally reported in materials from Lituania. (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas irreguaris Svir. (ref. ID; 4965) or Swir. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 23-25 um long, 18-20 um broad, ellipsoid. Posterior end slightly flattened. Pore (4-4.5 um diam.) surrounded by an annular thickening or a very short collar. Membrane scrobiculated, strongly punctuated (85-100/100 um2) and with scattered (5-10/100 um2) obtuse spines (1-1.5 um long). Dispersed warts are also are observed sometimes. (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas kelloggii Skvortzow (ref. ID; 3490, 4966) or Skv. emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 4950)

Descriptions

The lorica is ellipsoid, being 29 um in length and 22 um in breadth, and had a rather wide short collar and few minute spines on the anterior and posterior regions. (ref. ID; 3490)
Lorica 32-34 um long, 30-32 um broad, ellipsoid or ovoid with rounded ends. Pore surrounded by a crown of 8-10 conical spines (1.5-2 um long). Membrane reddish-brown, finely punctuated (100-110/100 um2) ornamented with conical spines, distributed mainly around the ends (7-10/100 um2). In some specimens we could observe scattered spines on the middle surface. This species was already described with S.E.M. Conforti and Tell (1986). (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas lacustris var. lacustris (ref. ID; 3550)

Descriptions

Lorica 21-28 um long, 10.5-15 um wide, cylindrical with the sides slightly curved to parallel. Ends broader rounded. Pore provided with an annular thickening, surrounded by conical spines of even length or longer than the rest of the envelope. Lorica punctuate (172-180/100 um2), ornate with irregular distributed (150-160/100 um2) conical spines short (0.5-0.87 um long) and very small papilla closely distributed (2100-2200/100 um2). (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas lacustris var. ovalis Drez. (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 28-30 um long, 14.5-16 um wide. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas magdaleniana Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 104-106 um long, 19-20 um broad, spindle-shaped with regularly arched sides; anterior end narrowed into a long neck (15-17x4-5 um) ornamented with conical spines, usually 5, at the tip (they are broken in the photographed specimen). Posterior end narrowed into a long tail (27-29x8-10 um) with 3-4 spines at the end. Membrane reddish to deep brown, punctuated and ornamented with conical curved spines of variable length (1-5 um long) irregularly distributed along the lorica, mainly on the middle part of the body. This taxon was observed with S.E.M. by Conforti (1993) in materials from Brazil. (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas margaritifeta Conrad (ref. ID; 3490, 4950)

Descriptions

The lorica is broadly fusiform with a short cylindrical collar and coarsely perforate on the entire surface. (ref. ID; 3490)

Measurements

Only one specimen 38 um long and 20 um broad. (ref. ID; 3490)

Trachelomonas megalacantha var. crenulatocollis Bourr. (ref. ID; 4950) or Bourr. & Manguin (ref. ID; 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 53-55 um long, 29-31 um broad, ellipsoid. Membrane strongly (100-200/100 um2) punctuated, with robust long and divergent conical spines (10-12x2-4 um) scatterly (3-4/100 um2) distributed. Pore with a depressed collar (6-7 um diam.) bearing teeth on the distal end (13 um long). (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas mucosa Swirenko (ref. ID; 3490, 4950)

Descriptions

The lorica is ellipsoidal with a low collar and smooth on the surface. The species was measured 27 um in length and 22 um in transdiameter. (ref. ID; 3490)

Trachelomonas nadsonii var. inermis Conforti & Ruiz, 2001 (ref. ID; 3550 original paper)

Descriptions

This variety presented the same characteristics as the variety type, the only difference being surface without conical spines. Lorica 54-71 um long, 17-21 um wide, fusiform with regularly arched sides; anterior end narrowed into a long cylindrical collar (9-10x4.5-5 um), ornamented with conical divergent spines at the tip (1-1.5 um). Posterior end narrowed into a long conical cauda (11-12 um long). Envelope reddish to deep brown, punctuated (80-90/100 um2). (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas nadsonii var. nadsonii (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 74-76 um long, 18-22 um wide. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas oblonga Lemmermann (ref. ID; 3490, 3517, 4950)

Descriptions

The lorica is comparatively small, being as long as 20 um and as broad as 15 um, and oblong without a collar and any surface ornamentation. (ref. ID; 3490)

Trachelomonas oblonga var. attenuata Playfair (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)

Synonym

Trachelomonas minuscula Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)

Descriptions

Lorica 9-19 um long, 7-14 um wide, elongated ellipsoid, smooth in surface. Anterior end rounded, posterior end slightly acuminate. Pore 1.5-2 um diameter. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas oblonga var. australica Playfair (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)

Descriptions

Lorica 13-14 um long, 11-12 um wide, elongated ellipsoid, smooth in surface. Pore with a strong annular thickening surrounded by a short collar (2.5-3x1-1.5 um). (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas perlata Deflandre var. crateriphora Conforti & Ruiz, 2001 (ref. ID; 3550 original paper)

Descriptions

This taxon differs from the type by the central depression located at the anterior end. Lorica 8-9 um long, 9-10 um diameter, subspherical with the posterior end rounded. Pore surrounded by an annular thickening (1.5-2 um diameter), located in the bottom of a circular depression (3-4 um diameter). Envelope yellowish brown fine and sparsely punctuated, ornated by little obtuse protuberances, which are regularly distributes on the lorica (200-210/100 um2) up to the external edge of the depression which surface is smooth. (ref. ID; 3550)

Comments

The newly established variety resembles T. curta f. crassatiifera Safon., but it shows protuberances located only around the external edge of the depression. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas piscatoris Fisher (ref. ID; 1618) or (Fischer) Stokes (ref. ID; 4950)

Synonym

Trachelomonas hispida var. piscatoris (Fischer) Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)

Descriptions

Lorica cylindrical with a short neck and with numerous short, conical spines; flagellum 1-2 times body length. (ref. ID; 1618)

Measurements

25-40 um long. (ref. ID; 1618)

Trachelomonas planctonica var. flexicollis Balech (ref. ID; 3550, 4950, 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 21-23 um long, 17-19 um broad, ellipsoid, with the posterior ends slightly flattened. Pore with an oblique or sometimes curved collar (3-4 um long) and irregularly denticulated at the tip (1-1.2 um long). Membrane with scattered punctuations (58-70/100 um2). (ref. ID; 4966)

Measurements

Lorica 27-28 um long, 20-21 um diameter. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas planctonica var. oblonga Drez. (ref. ID; 3550, 4682, 4950)

Descriptions

This variety presented the same characteristics as the variety type, the only difference is the ovoid shape of the envelope. Lorica 22-23 um long, 17-19 um wide, collar 1.5-3x4 um distal conical spines 0.8-1 um long. Punctuations 112-120/100 um2. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas planctonica var. planctonica (ref. ID; 3550)

Descriptions

Pore surrounded by a cylindrical, short collar (2.5-3x3-4 um), whose distal end is ornated by divergent conical spines (0.8-1 um long). Envelope strong and sparsely punctuated (95-100/100 um2). (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 20-22 um long, 20-21 um wide, subspherical. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas playfairi Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)

Descriptions

Pore surrounded by a curved cylindrical neck (2.5-3x3-3.5 um), smooth to slightly irregular at the tip. Envelope light brown, ornate with very fine punctuations, which are indistinguishable with optical microscope. (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 18-19 um long, 14-16 um wide, ellipsoid to ovoid. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas pseudocaudata Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 35-60 um long, 17-23 um broad, regularly ellipsoid. Membrane irregularly punctuate (50-100/100 um2), covered densely with robust obtuse spines mainly distributed at the posterior end and exogenous particles randomly distributed. Pore surrounded by an annular thickening and a distinct cylindrical (5.5x5 um) collar which may be denticulatd or not. Posterior end with a short tail (3-4 um long), sometimes truncated. (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas pseudohispida Hada, 1959 (ref. ID; 3490 original paper)

Synonym

Trachelomonas hispida var. papillata Skvortzow, 1926 (ref. ID; 3490)

Descriptions

The lorica is ellipsoid with a pore surrounded by a row of more or less long spines and has a few minute spines distributed irregularly on the surface. (ref. ID; 3490)

Comments

Skvortzow (1925) has given the name of papillata to varieties of several species of Trachelomonas, therefore, the author proposes to call the Skvortzow's T. hispida var. papillata as T. pseudohispida for the escape of confusion. (ref. ID; 3490)

Measurements

Several specimens as long as 29-37 um, as broad as 20-27 um and dark brown in colour. (ref. ID; 3490)

Trachelomonas pusilla Playfair (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)

Descriptions

Lorica subspherical to heart shaped, anterior end slightly flattened and posterior end acuminate. Pore 1.5-2 um diameter surrounded by an annular thickening. Envelope thin, yellowish brown to brown, smooth. (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 7-15 um long, 5-14 um wide. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas raciborskii Woloszynska (ref. ID; 2251, 3490)

Descriptions

The lorica is ellipsoidal with a scarcely visible collar and spiniferous on both ends. A few specimens 34-38 um in length, 26-27 um in transdiameter and dark brown in colour. (ref. ID; 3490)

Trachelomonas raciborskii var. incerta Drez. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 21-23 um long, 16-18 um broad, ellipsoid. Membrane reddish to deep brown, finely (80-100/100 um2) punctuated, ornamented with irregular tubercles or obtuse spines in both ends. Pore without collar. (ref. ID; 4966)

Trachelomonas raciborskii var. nova Drejepolski (ref. ID; 3490) or Drez. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)

Descriptions

The lorica of the variety is apparently different from one of the typical in being spiniferous only in the anterior region. (ref. ID; 3490)
Lorica 30-34 um long, 25-27 um broad, ellipsoid. Membrane finely (60-70/100 um2) punctuated, with scattered (5/100 um2) conical spines variable length distributed only in the anterior end. Pore with an annular thickening, without a collar. These organisms could be considered T. acanthostoma Stokes em. Defl., but this taxon bears just one or two crown of spines. In our specimens, the spines are disposed irregularly at the anterior end, with no organization in concentric circles at all. (ref. ID; 4966)

Measurements

The variety was 39 um long and 30 um broad. (ref. ID; 3490)

Trachelomonas robusta Swir. emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550, 4950, 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 19-23 um long, 17-20 um broad, ellipsoid, strongly and irregulaly punctuate (84-100/100 um2), with robust scattered (5-12/100 um2) conical spines (1.5-4 um long). Pore without collar, normally surrounded by some spines the length of which is equal or greater than that of the ones on the body of the lorica, divergent or not. Membrane deep or reddish-brown. This species has been already described with S.E.M. by Coute & Iltis (1981), Conforti & Tell (1986), Coute & Therezien (1985) and Conforti (1993). (ref. ID; 4966)

Measurements

Lorica 24-31 um long, 17-20.5 um wide, spines 1.5 um long. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas rotunda Swir. emend. Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)

Descriptions

Envelope subspherical to ellipsoid, dark brown, very thick, strong and densely scrobiculated (390-410/100 um2). (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 15-17 um long, 14-15 um wide, pore 2-2.5 um diameter. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas rugulosa Stein em. Deflandre var. minima Conforti & Ruiz, 2001 (ref. ID; 3550 original paper)

Descriptions

This new taxon differs from the type variety by the smaller dimensions of the envelope, 10-11 um long, 9-10 um broad. Lorica ellipsoid, pore 1.2-1.5 um diameter, surrounded by an annular thickening. Envelope strong, reddish brown to deep brown, ornamented by ridges (1-1.2 um wide) arranged longitudinally (9-10/10 um), branched or not, which are born near the pore and finish in the posterior end. (ref. ID; 3550)

Comments

This newly established variety resembles Trachelomonas costatus Phillipose, but it differs mainly in the larger size of the lorica and the ornamentation with longitudinal ridges without branches. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas rugulosa var. paralella Tell & Zaloc. (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 20-21 um long, 18-19 um diameter. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas rugulosa f. steinii Defl. (ref. ID; 4950, 4966), var. steinii Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550)

Descriptions

Pore (2.5-3 um diameter) surrounded by an annular thickening (0.8-1 um thick). Envelope reddish brown, ornamented densely with slightly anastomosing ribs which radiate from the pore giving to the lorica a brain surface appearance. (ref. ID; 3550)
Lorica 22-24 um diam, spherical; pore with an annular thickening (1.5-2 um diam.); membrane thick, yellowish to reddish-brown, ornamented with a number of more or less regular, slightly anastomosing ribs that appear to radiate from the pore. (ref. ID; 4966)

Measurements

Lorica 16-17 um diameter, spherical. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas sculpta Balech var. asiatica Conforti & Ruiz, 2001 (ref. ID; 3550 original paper)

Descriptions

This new variety differs from the type variety in its smaller size (12-14 um diameter) and the surface ornamented by deep depressions, closely arranged (44-50/100 um2), which show more irregular contour and are larger than those described by T. sculpta var. sculpta Balech. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trahcelomonas selecta Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)

Synonym

Trachelomonas stokesi Drez. var. amphora Drez. (ref. ID; 4950); Trachelomonas stokesi Drez. var. granulata Drez. (ref. ID; 4950)

Measurements

Lorica 20-22 um long, 19.5-21 um wide. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas similis Stokes var. costata Conforti & Ruiz, 2001 (ref. ID; 3550 original paper)

Descriptions

This new variety presented the same characteristics as the type, the difference being the surface ornamented by ridges arranged longitudinally which are born at the posterior end and reach up near the pore. Lorica 29-30 um long, 21-22 um wide, ovoid, deep brown. Pore surrounded by a curved neck (4x4 um). (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas similis Stokes var. similis (ref. ID; 3550)

Measurements

Lorica 28-30 um long, 20-22 um diameter. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas similis Stokes var. spinosa Huber-Pestalozzi (ref. ID; 3550, 4950, 4966)

Descriptions

Lorica 24-25 um long, 16-17 um broad, ellipsoid, with ends rounded or the posterior slightly acuminate. Pore surrounded by a collar oblique (3.5-4x4.5 um), ornamented with spines irregularly placed on the sides and the distal end (1-1.5 um). Membrane reddish-brown, punctuated (50-100/100 um2) and with conical spines (1.5-2 um long) sparsely distributed (10-15/100 um2). This variety was already described with S.E.M. by Conforti & Tell (1986), Rino & Pereira (1989-1990), Conforti (1993), Coute & Therezien (1994). (ref. ID; 4966)

Measurements

Lorica 28-31 um long, 20-21 um diameter. (ref. ID; 3550)

Trachelomonas spirillifera Schkorbatov, 1940 (ref. ID; 4965) reported year? (ref. ID; 3550)

Descriptions

Wall thick, color variable from clear brown to reddish dark brown. Envelopes showed variable surface from slight to strongly ornamented, which presented independent irregular elevations or conspicuous ridges, till anastomosing continuous ridges. Pore (1.2-1.5 um diameter) surrounded by an annular thickening or very short neck (0.5-0.7 um high). (ref. ID; 3550)

[ref. ID; 4965]

  • Light microscopy: Cell 8-9 um long, 6-7 um wide, ovoid. Chromatophores two parietal, elongate, extending through the entire cell length, each with a double-sheathed pirenoid. Stigma and flagellum not observed. Lorica subspherical to ovoid, 11-14 um long, 10-13 um wide. Wall thick, color variable, ranging from clear brown to reddish dark brown. Envelope surface showing very variable ornamentation, ranging from slightly to strongly ornamented, presenting independent irregular elevations or conspicuous ridges, that anastomose into continuos ridges. Pore surrounded by an annular thickening or a very short neck. (ref. ID; 4965)
  • Scannning electron microscope:

    Comments

    T. rugulosa var. meandrina Conr., T. vermiculosa var. vermiculosa Palmer, and T. vermiculosa var. tiszae Szab. resemble lorica types b and c, but they differ in their spherical shape and in the bigger dimensions of the envelopes. Among the taxa with ellipsoid lorica, T. irregularis Svir. could coincident with the ornamentation type a or b, but the cell differs in the three chromatophores without pyrenoids (Balech 1944). T. felix Skvortsov, T. nigra Swir., and T. pseudofelix Defl. (= T. intermedia var. manchurica Skvortsov and T. intermedia var. pekinensis Skvortsov) present ornamentation that are similar to the type c. The two latter species also showed a type c like annular thickening. However, all three are bigger than our specimens. T. xenosoma Middel. is an other example of a species with spherical or ovoid lorica and very variable ornamentation, but it differs in the presence of a short denticulate neck in the pore and in the bigger dimensions. T. atrata var. pustulosa Conr., T. koliana Hort., and T. gregussii Hort., all have similar dimensions and shape, but each one could represent an ornamentation type similar to those observed in our specimens. However, they differ in their conspicuous curved neck. Among the taxa ornamented with tubercles, Bourrelly (1987) described T. pseudofelix var. helicoida and T. pseudofelix var. ornata, both showing the same dimensions, shape and color, and differing only in the protuberances disposition. Their lorica are very similar to our type c specimens, however, they differ in their bigger dimension. Sanchez Castillo & De La Rosa Alamos (1993) described an important surface variability in a new taxon, T. tuberculata var. nevadensis, which was related to heavier iron mineralization of the lorica. This variety presents chloroplast without pyrenoids and a clearly different ultrastructual ornamentation pattern as compared to our specimens. At least, T. spirillifera Schkorb., was the only species that presents the same lorica dimensions, similar pore structure than our specimens and its ornametations was coincident with our type a. (ref. ID; 4965)

    Measurements

    Lorica 11-14 um long, 10-13 um wide, ovoid. (ref. ID; 3550)

    Trachelomonas superba var. spinosa Prescott (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)

    Descriptions

    Lorica 33-37 um long, 27-30 um broad, ellipsoid or slightly ovoid, with rounded ends. Membrane reddish-brown with punctuations closely distributed (200/100 um2) and scattered conical spines (10-15/100 um2) of variable length (1.5-3 um long). Posterior end ornamented with a crown of well developed spines (3-10 um long) which are curved and more or less convergent. This variety has been already described with S.E.M. by Rino & Pereira (1989-1990). (ref. ID; 4966)

    Trachelomonas sydneyensis var. grandicollis Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)

    Measurements

    Lorica 35-39 um long, 21-24 um wide. (ref. ID; 3550)

    Trachelomonas sydneyensis var. minima Playfair, 1915 (ref. ID; 3550) reported year? (ref. ID; 4950)

    Measurements

    Lorica 20-21 um long, 17-18 um wide, collar 1x4 um. (ref. ID; 3550)

    Trachelomonas urceolata Stokes, 1887 (ref. ID; 4950) reported year? (ref. ID; 1618)

    See

    Strombomonas urceolata (ref. ID; 4950)

    Descriptions

    Lorica vasiform, smooth with a short neck. (ref. ID; 1618)

    Measurements

    About 45 um long. (ref. ID; 1618)

    Trachelomonas vemiculosa Palmer (ref. ID; 1618, 4950), vermiculosa var. vermiculosa Palmer (ref. ID; 4965)

    Descriptions

    Lorica spherical; with many sausage-form markings. (ref. ID; 1618)

    Measurements

    23 um in diameter. (ref. ID; 1618)

    Trachelomonas verrucosa Stokes (ref. ID; 1618, 3517, 4950)

    Descriptions

    Lorica spherical, with numerous knob-like attachments; no neck. (ref. ID; 1618)

    Measurements

    24-25 um in diameter. (ref. ID; 1618)

    Trachelomonas verrucosa var. granulosa (Playfair) Conr. (ref. ID; 3550, 4950)

    Synonym

    Trachelomonas volvocina var. granulosa Playfair (ref. ID; 4950)

    Descriptions

    Lorica 9-10 um diameter, spherical, reddish brown ornamented by grains very regular and densely distributed (88-95/100 um2). (ref. ID; 3550)

    Trachelomonas verrucosa var. verrucosa f. irregularis Deflandre (ref. ID; 3550)

    Descriptions

    Lorica 10-12 um diameter, spherical. Pore 1.2-1.5 um diameter surrounded by clear annular thickening. Envelope without punctuations, ornate very little grains scarcely distributed (160-179/100 um2), surface very irregular with numerous papillae among the grains. (ref. ID; 3550)

    Trachelomonas volvocina Ehrenberg (ref. ID; 3490, 3501, 3517, 4682, 4950, 4966) reported author and year? (ref. ID; 4826)

    Descriptions

    The lorica is simplest in shape, namely spherical without a collar and any surface ornamentation. Being 10-25 um in diameter, its size is considerably variable and its colour is also changeable. (ref. ID; 3490)
    Lorica 23-26 um diam., spherical, pore surrounded by a depressed collar (3-5 um diam.). Membrane smooth, hyaline yellowish to deep reddish-brown. Two chloroplasts with one pyrenoid each (observed by light microscope). (ref. ID; 4966)

    Trachelomonas volvocinopsis Swirenko (ref. ID; 3517, 3550, 4950)

    Synonym

    Trachelomonas indica Skv. (ref. ID; 4950)

    Descriptions

    Lorica 22-24 um diameter, pore 2-3 um diameter, surrounded by a strong annular thickening. (ref. ID; 3550)

    Trachelomonas wislouchi Skvortzow (ref. ID; 3490)

    Descriptions

    The lorica as long as 25 um and as broad as 23 um is broadly ovoid with a short collar, a wide outer one and numerous stout spines on the entire surface, and is brown or dark brown in colour. (ref. ID; 3490)

    Trachelomonas wislouchii Skvortzow em. Deflandre var. minor Conforti & Ruiz, 2001 (ref. ID; 3550 original paper)

    Descriptions

    Lorica 13-13.5 um long, 20.5-22 um diameter, flattened spherical, posterior end uniformly arched, anterior end plane. Pore surrounded at a certain distance by an annular thickness (5-6 um diameter). Envelope yellowish to light brown, finely punctuated with very short sparsely conical spines, which are absent in the inner surface to the annular thickness. (ref. ID; 3550)

    Trachelomonas woycickii var. pusilla Drez. (ref. ID; 3550)

    Descriptions

    Lorica 10-11 um diameter. Lorica spherical, yellowish brown to dark brown. Envelope punctuated, ornamented with short conical spines (0.5-1 um long) regularly distributed (96-100/100 um2), the surface among the spines is very irregular. (ref. ID; 3550)

    Trachelomonas zingeri Roll (ref. ID; 4950, 4966)

    Descriptions

    Lorica 31-34 um long, 21-23 um broad, ellipsoid, with both ends rounded. Membrane yellowish or reddish-brown, strongly and regularly punctuated (100-150/100 um2), ornamented with robust (4-6 um long) conical spines regularly (8-10/100 um2) distributed. The determination of this taxon was specially uneasy. We included it in T. zingeri, though in the figure given by Roll (Huber-Pestalozzi 1955), the sides are slightly straighter than in our specimens. In addition, though the anterior spines are not longer than posterior ones in the specimens shown, we observed this feature many times under light microscope. Finally, it differs from T. spectabilis Defl. by its larger dimensions (53-55x32-35 um). (ref. ID; 4966)