ユーザー別ナビ |
  • 一般の方
  • 研究関係者の方
  • 環境問題に関心のある方

気候変動・土地改変の進行に伴う湿地の生物多様性変化の予測(平成 31年度)
Prediction of biodiversity change of the wetland ecosystem with the progress of climate change and land modification

予算区分
CD 文科-科研費
研究課題コード
1919CD001
開始/終了年度
2018~2019年
キーワード(日本語)
気候変動,湿地,生物多様性
キーワード(英語)
climate change, wetland, biodiversity

研究概要

Our objective was to evaluate current habitat condition using national-wide records of wetland species (cf. primarily focused on the aquatic plants) and predict spatial changes against different climate and urban development scenarios. The core work during the first fiscal year was establishing occurrence database of target species and integrating environmental factors in the study extent.

研究の性格

  • 主たるもの:基礎科学研究
  • 従たるもの:応用科学研究

全体計画

We consolidated occurrence records of 163 aquatic plant species from the national and global database. Occurrence records without geographical coordinate were digitized if site information was clearly identified or it was excluded from the database. Collected species records were checked for its spatial accuracy and duplicated records were merged into single data. And national level environmental layers, including topographic, land cover, population, remote sensing derived indexes, and RCP climate scenarios was established with same spatial extent. Environmental factors were grouped in to meteorological, topographical, hydrologic relates, anthropogenic relates, and others. To minimize the effect of coordinate bias, all environmental raster layers were projected into Universal Transverse Mercator coordinate system based on geodetic reference system 1980.

We further collected the culturomic data of 3,457 endangered species listed in Red List-Japan for a practical sharing of our results with society. In the following fiscal year, ecological niche modeling and pattern analysis of selected wetland species will be done with current species and environmental data set.

今年度の研究概要

1) Ecological niche model of wetland species: Based on the collected observation data of wetland species and environmental scenarios, we will make ecological niche models of endangered species. We will apply ensemble forecasting approach to predict the habitat suitability of wetland species. Local diversity of wetland species will be estimated based on the habitat suitability of groups of wetland species.

2) Mapping core area of selected wetland types: Spatial information of wetland habitat is essential to establishing conservation plan at the regional or national level. But, the quantity of information is rather biased on the major wetland types (i.e., lake or lowland wetlands). We will identify the national distribution of less-focused wetland types (i.e. headwater wetland) using various GIS and RS techniques. The distribution of these wetland types will also be compared with the presence of endangered species and the results of habitat suitability from our ecological niche model.

3) Culturomic research of endangered species: During the last fiscal year, we collected web search data of 3,457 species. This data set includes 5 extinct species in the wild, 80 extinct species, 194 critically endangered species, 788 endangered species, and 829 vulnerable species. We will analyze the trend and pattern of social perception related to the wildlife species listed in the Red List-Japan. Various text mining techniques and sentimental analysis will be done to evaluate perceptions of important wetland sites and wetland species.

課題代表者

西廣 淳

  • 気候変動適応センター
    気候変動影響観測研究室
  • 室長(研究)
  • 博士(理学)
  • 理学 ,生物学
portrait