Since FY 2016, the National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES) has been conducting the "Satellite Observation Research Project" as one of research projects which are defined as "research activities which require systematic and programmatic approaches". It includes three satellite projects jointly promoted by the Ministry of the Environment (MOE) and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), namely GOSAT (Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite, or Ibuki), GOSAT-2 and GOSAT-GW (Global Observing SATellite for Greenhouse gases and Water circle).
The objectives of the "Satellite Observation Research Project" are
In April 2016, the Satellite Observation Center (SOC) was established in the Center for Global Environmental Research (CGER), NIES, as an organization which is responsible for the "Satellite Observation Research Project".
The organizational structure of SOC as of November 2019 is as follows:
Group Photo of SOC members（April, 2019）