This Harmonization with Nature Research Program is one of the eight Strategic Research Programs of the NIES, and is mainly led by the Biodiversity Division.
We conduct research and technological development on the measures for conservation of biodiversity and the sustainable use of ecosystem services, which are essential for establishing a society in harmony with nature.
Through these activities, we aim to mainstream biodiversity and promote transformative change, such as behavioral change, and to improve natural capital by synergizing the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. We will also contribute to the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework of the Convention on Biological Diversity, the next National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan, and the regional circular and ecological sphere from the viewpoint of sustainable use of regional resources.
As human activity areas shrink in a society with a declining population, the spatial design of ecosystem management is also being forced to be reorganized. In this project, we will focus on the boundary area between "Sato" (human living area), and "Yama" (mountains surrounding the human living area), and develop a framework for spatial decision support for biodiversity conservation and wildlife management, including tools for large-scale assessment and planning of management strategies to prevent degradation of biodiversity due to damage by overabundant wildlife and land abandonment. The results will be applied to conservation and wildlife management plans in collaboration with government agencies.
In order to study the spatial design of sustainable ecosystem management in a society with a declining population, we will develop methods for assessing ecosystem changes and driving factors based on large-scale data, and evaluate the effects of ecosystem management. Based on these results, we will develop a framework to support decision-making in ecosystem management.
In this project, we will study the following environmental risk causative factors that have serious impacts on biodiversity and human society.
By focusing on invasive alien species, synthetic compounds such as pesticides, and wildlife infectious diseases, we aim to analyze and evaluate risks, develop control methods, and implement them in policies, laws, and regulatory systems. We will also work on increasing social resilience to risk by raising awareness.
When environmental changes occur, living things respond directly to the impacts over a short time scale. If the environmental changes persist, the eco-physiological properties of living organisms will acclimate and adapt to the new environments. In the response, acclimation, and adaptation procedures, biological systems exhibit resilient behaviors such as resistance and recovery from the changes.
Through laboratory experiments, field surveys, and theoretical studies, we will evaluate the biological responses, acclimations, and adaptations to environmental changes in different scales from molecules to ecosystems. With the resultant data, we will analyze the resiliencies of biological and ecological systems to environmental changes at each spatial-temporal scale. We expect that the accumulation of knowledge in this project will be applied for predictions of ecosystem consequences in global environmental changes and for our guidelines for living in harmony with nature.
INOUE Tomomi*、AONO Mitsuko、AKAJI Yasuaki, ANDO Haruko, ISHIHAMA Fumiko, KADOYA Taku, TAKEUCHI Yayoi, YAMANO Hiroya, YOSHIDA Katsuhiko、ONUMA Manabu, KONDO Natsuko, UENO Ryuhei、KUMAGAI Naoki, TAMAOKI Masanori *Principal Investigator
Based on the evaluation of ecosystem functions and services, such as green spaces, wetlands, and tidal flats in cities, watersheds, and coastal areas, as well as their spatial arrangement and management methods, we will establish the basis for measures such as urban planning, watershed, and regional management that utilize ecosystem functions. In addition, we will study the management and systems to solve problems and implement solutions using ecosystems.
This project consists of four sub-themes.
In sub-theme 1, we will prioritize protected areas and sites for implementation of measures, and plan and design highly effective measures that take into account synergies between biodiversity conservation, use of ecosystem services, and measures to address social issues such as population decline and climate change mitigation and adaptation. This research is particularly focused on in situ conservation.
In sub-theme 2, we will improve the conservation effectiveness by integrating in situ conservation and ex situ conservation, such as cell preservation, and implement the One Plan approach.
In sub-theme 3, we will evaluate the biodiversity impact of natural resource use and food production on a global scale, taking into account the supply chain.
Furthermore, research on conservation actions in sub-theme 4 will generate knowledge that will contribute to mainstreaming biodiversity and promoting conservation activities.
We will develop measures to achieve both conservation and use of biodiversity at multiple scales (design of protected area establishment and management, integration of in situ and ex situ conservation, prioritization considering trade-offs and synergies, integration of biodiversity impacts into supply chain assessment, sustainable use of local resources, and other such measures).
We will also promote the integration of biodiversity conservation and utilization into socioeconomic activities by promoting conservation activities based on human psychology and behavior. Based on this research, we will contribute to the mainstreaming of biodiversity and transformative change, thereby improving natural capital.
ISHIHAMA Fumiko*, KUBO Takahiro, KADOYA Taku, TAKEUCHI Yayoi, ONUMA Manabu、KAWASHIMA Takaharu, FUKASAWA Keita, GOKA Koichi、INOUE Tomomi, KONDO Natsuko, KAWACHI Masanobu, YAMANO Hiroya, YAMAGUCHI Rintaro *Principal Investigator