Sediments & interstitial water

[Park]
[Barazar in Gorbea Natural Park, Bizkaia, Spain]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Tubifex tubifex (ref. ID; 6636)


[Reservoir]

[The resevoir of the River Danube at Altenworth, Lower Austria]
The River Danube in Austria is classified as a rhithral water body, the maximum temperature never exceeding 20 degrees C. In the reservoirs, the dams generally lead to a lowering of flow velocity, increased sedimentation of suspended matter, and accumulation of silty- to clay-size sediment near the power plant; at Altenworth, the annual sedimentation is 390 000 m3 year-1, which has resulted in the accumulation of sediment 6 m deep before the dam within 10 years.
Toxicants; As, Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn.
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Tubifex tubifex (ref. ID; 7061)


[River]

[Comprehensive sediment monitoring network which is operated by the German Federal Institute of Hydrology, German]
Sampling site; 62 sediment samples from totally eight sites of the catchments of the rivers Elbe, Order, and Rhine.
Toxicants; PCBs, HCB, HCHs, DDTs, PAHs, Hg, Cd, Ni, Cr, As, Pb, Cu, Zn.
Test organisms;
Nematoda: Community. (ref. ID; 6740)

[River Elbe, Hamburg, Germany]
Test organisms;
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 6855)

[Flanders, Belgium]
Sampling site; Surficial sediments (top 10 cm layer) of four different river basins in Flanders: Neerpelt and Overpelt (Dommel basin), Mol en Geel (Molse Nete basin), Westerlo, Westmeerbeek and Herenthout (Grote Nete basin), Mol and Lauw (Jeker basin), and Oudenburg and Middelkerke (Plassendael canal), 65 sampling site.
Toxicants; Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb.
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Tubificid worms. (ref. ID; 6106)

[Hudson River, NY, USA]
Sampling site; Foundry Cove located in NY on the Hudson River. The highly elevated levels of Cd, Ni, and (to a lesser extent) Co in the sediment of this tidal freshwater marsh on the Hudson River originated from a nearby situated Ni-Cd battery factory. Cd levels in excess of 100,000 ug Cd per g dry sediment have been reported.
Toxicants; Cd
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (ref. ID; 7008)

[Huntsville Spring Branch, Little Scioto River, Pequaywan Lake (USA)]
Toxicants; DDT and its metabolites (DDD, DDE), PAHs
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Lumbriculus variegatus (ref. ID; 4478)

[Little Scioto River in north-central Ohio, USA]
Note; Its location downstream from an abandoned railroad yard suspected to be a source of creosote contamination (40 degrees 34.3'N, 83 degrees 12.23'W).
Toxicants; PAHs (pyrene, Benzo[a]pyrene)
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Lumbriculus variegatus (ref. ID; 6013)

[Upper Mississippi River, USA]
Toxicants; PAHs (naphthalene, 1-methylnaphthalene, 2-methylnaphthalene, biphenyl, 2,6-dimethylnaphthalene, fluorene, 1,6,7-trimethylnaphthalene, phenanthrene, 1-methylphenanthrene, pyrene, fluoranthene, chrysene, benzo(a)anthracene, benzo(b,k)fluoranthene, perylene, benzo(e)pyrene)
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Lumbriculus variegatus (ref. ID; 6937)


[Lake]

[Lake Erie, USA]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: tubificid worms. (ref. ID; 6805)

[Lake Erie, Big Creek Marsh]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Branchiura sowerbyi (ref. ID; 6632)
Oligochaeta: Tubifex tubifex (ref. ID; 6632, 6636)

[Lake Michigan, USA]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Stylodrilus heringianus (ref. ID; 2164)
Oligochaeta: Lumbriculus variegatus (ref. ID; 1323, 2166, 2169)

[Lake Ontario, USA]
Toxicants;
[ref. ID; 6961]: Chlorinated Hydrocarbons 1,2-dichlorobenzene, 1,3-dichlorobenzene, 1,4-dichlorobenzene, 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene, 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene, 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene, 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorobenzene, 1,2,4,5-tetrachlorobenzene, Pentachlorobenzene, Hexachlorobenzene, 2,3,6-trichlorotoluene, 2,4,5-trichlorotoluene, 2,3,4,5,6-pentachlorotoluene, 2,4-dichlorobenzotrifluoride, 3,4-dichlorobenzotrifluoride, Hexachlorobutadiene, 2,3,4-trichloranisole, 1,2,3,4-tetrachloronaphthalene, Octachlorostyrene, alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane, gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane, gamma-chlordan, 2,5,2'-trichlorobiphenyl, 2,5,4'-trichlorobiphenyl, 2,3,2',3'-tetrachlorobiphenyl, 2,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl, 2,5,2',6'-tetrachlorobiphenyl, 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl, 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl, 2,3,4,5',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl, 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl, 2,4,6,2',4',6'-hexachlorobiphenyl, 2,3,4,6,2',3',4'-heptachlorobiphenyl, 2,3,4,5,2',3',4',5'-octachlorobiphenyl, Mirex, 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-ethylene, 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)-ethane.
[ref. ID; 6969]: Chlorinated contaminant 1,2-dichlorobenzene, 1,3-dichlorobenzene, 1,4-dichlorobenzene, 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene, 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene, 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene, 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorobenzene, 1,2,4,5-tetrachlorobenzene, Pentachlorobenzene, Hexachlorobenzene, Hexachlorobutadiene, Octachlorostyrene, 2,5,2'-trichlorobiphenyl, 2,3,2',3'-tetrachlorobiphenyl, 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl, 2,4,5,2'5'-pentachlorobiphenyl, 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl, 2,3,4,5,2',3',4',5'-octachlorobiphenyl, 2,3,6-trichlorotoluene, 2,4,5-trichlorotoluene, Pentachlorotoluene, Mirex, 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-ethylene, 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)-ethane.
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri & Tubifex tubifex (ref. ID; 6780, 6969)
Oligochaeta: Community. (ref. ID; 6961)
Oligochaeta: Tubifex tubifex (ref. ID; 7017)

[Lake Palestine, Indiana, USA]
Toxicants; Effluent of electroplating plant (mainly Cd, Zn, and Cr).
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Limnodrilus sp. (ref. ID; 6082)

[Lake, Finland]
Lake Hoytianen and Lake Mekrijarvi from eastern Finland. Both sediments are from unpolluted fine-grained depositional areas.
Lake Hoytianen sediment: Low concentrations of PCBs (6.5 pg/g dry weight as toxic equivalents) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (total 250 ng/g dry weight).
Lake Mekrijarvi sediment: Sediment is characterized by humic compounds that color the sediment dark brown.
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Lumbriculus variegatus (ref. ID; 7215)

[Lake, Sweden]
Lake Hjalmaren (eutrophic)
Lake Malaren (eutrophic)
Lake Rogsjon (oligotrophic)
Lake Runn (eutrophic, mine pollution)
Toxicants; Heavy metal (Hg, Cu, Zn et al.).
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Limnodrilus claparedeanus (ref. ID; 7044)
Oligochaeta: Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (ref. ID; 7044)
Oligochaeta: Limnodrilus udekemianus (ref. ID; 7044)
Oligochaeta: Potamothrix hammoniensis (ref. ID; 7044)
Oligochaeta: Tubifex tubifex (ref. ID; 6606, 7044)


[Estuary]

[Hudson-Raritan estuarine area]
Toxicants; Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB), Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH), Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn.
Test organisms;
Nematoda: Chromadorina germanica (ref. ID; 1759)
Nematoda: Diplolaimella punicea (ref. ID; 1759)

[Humber Estuary (UK)]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Tubificoides benedeni (ref. ID; 6089)

[Swartkops Estuary, South Africa]
Test organisms;
Nematoda: Community. (ref. ID; 6847)


[Stormwater sediment] (ref. ID; 6132)
[Trout farm sediment, Mexico]
Toxicants; Ni
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (ref. ID; 6782)
[Dredge]

[Dredge disposal site]
Sampling site; The dredge disposal site is located on the north bank of the R Yare opposite the Whitlingham.
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6872)

[Dredged sediment-derived soils and overbank sedimentation]
Toxicants; Heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn).
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Community (ref. ID; 6128)


[Bayou Manchac, Baton, Rouge, La. USA]
Toxicants; PAHs (pyrene, phenanthrene and dibenzofuran)
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Tubificid worms. (ref. ID; 6007)

[Puget Sound, Washington]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Monopylephorus cuticulatus (ref. ID; 6604)

[Westwouderpolar & Ellandspolder, North of Amsterdam]
Toxicants; PAHs (Naphthalene, Anthracene, Fluoranthene, Benzo[a]pyrene).
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta; Community (ref. ID; 3302)


[The Netherland]
45 contaminated sites
Toxicants; PAHs (Acenaphthalene, Anthracene, Chrysene, Fluoranthene, Fluorene, Naphthalene, Phenanthrene, Pyrene, Benzo[a]anthracene, Benzo[a]pyrene, Benzo[b]fluoranthene, Benzo[k]fluoranthene, Dibenzo[a,h]anthracene, Benzo[ghi]perylene).
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Eisenia andrei (ref. ID; 4479)

[Oostwaardhoeve VOF, Ecotechnic Research Centre, at Wieringerwerf in the northwestern part of The Netherlands]
Toxicants; PAH-contaminated dredged sediment (Anthracene, Chrysene, Fluoranthene, Naphthalene, Phenanthrene, Benzo[a]anthracene, Benzo[a]pyrene, Benzo[ghi]perylene, Benzo[k]fluoranthene, Indenopyrene).
Test organisms; Oligochaeta: community. (ref. ID; 6874)

[Volgermeerpolder, The Netherlands]
Toxicants; Chlorobenzenes (1,2,4-trichlorobenzene; 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene; 1,2,4,5-tetrachlorobenzene; 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorobenzene; pentachlorobenzene; hexachlorobenzene), PCBs (2,2',4,5,5'-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB101); 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB105); 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB118); 2,2',3,4,4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB138); 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB153); 2,3,3',4,4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB156); 2,3,3',4,4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB157); 2,3',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB167); 2,2',3,4,4',5,5'-heptachlorobiphenyl (PCB180)).
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Eisenia andrei (ref. ID; 2170)


[Unknown sampling site]

[Unknown sampling site]
Toxicants; Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) (Acenaphthalene, Anthracene, Chrysene, Fluoranthene, Fluorene, Naphthalene, Phenanthrene, Pyrene, Benzo[e]pyrene, Benzo[a]pyrene)
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Lumbriculus variegatus (ref. ID; 2172)

[Unknown sampling site, USA]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Lumbriculus variegatus (ref. ID; 6853)


[Review]
Toxicants; Sediment-associated contaminants.
Test organisms; Oligochaeta: Lumbriculus variegatus (ref. ID; 7021)
[Interstitial water]

[ref. ID; 7063]
Sampling site; The sediment was collected using a Van Veen grab from the discharge point of highly contaminated urban effluent produced from San Fernando, an industrial town in SW Spain.
Test organisms;
Rotifera: Brachionus plicatilis (ref. ID; 7063)