Nickel (Ni) & nickel compounds

Heavy metal.
Nickel, a major environmental pollutant, is known for its clastogenic, toxic, and carcinogenic potential. The carcinogenic potential of nickel compounds depends largely on their solubility. The particulate nickel compounds like Ni3S2 or NiO are strong carcinogen, whereas the soluble nickel (II) salts exert weaker effects. (ref. ID; 6934)

[Ni]
Test organisms;
Protozoa: Paramecium caudatum (ref. ID; 991)
Oligochaeta: Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (ref. ID; 4453)
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 4474)

[Ni: an atomic absorption standard solution]
Test organisms;
Rotifera: Brachionus calyciflorus (ref. ID; 127)

[Ni2+]
Test organisms;
Protozoa: Euplotes mutabilis (ref. ID; 6934)

[Nickel Acetate]
Test oraganisms;
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 7163)


[Nickel(II) Chloride]

[Nickel(II) Chloride, Anhydrous] CAS[7718-54-9] UN3288
Trade name; Nickel chloride
Chemical formula; NiCl2
Chemical characteristics; Water soluble.
Purpose for use; Fungicide.
Test organisms;
Green algae (formerly including protozoa): Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (ref. ID; 3904)
Protozoa: Euglena gracilis (ref. ID; 3312)
Oligochaeta: Dendrobaena octaedra (ref. ID; 6928)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 4631, 6895, 6982, 7163)
Oligochaeta: Enchytraeus albidus (ref. ID; 6982)
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 506)

[Nickel(II) Chloride, Hexahydrate] CAS[7791-20-0] UN3288
Chemical formula; NiCl2/6H2O
Chemical characteristics; Water soluble.
Mode of action; Acts as an enzyme cofactor, effects on cellular iron levels and iron channels; carcinogen. (ref. ID; 6758)
Test organisms;
Green algae (formerly including protozoa): Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (ref. ID; 7001)
Protozoa: Colpidium colpoda (ref. ID; 6111)
Protozoa: Dexiostoma campylum (ref. ID; 6111)
Protozoa: Euplotes moebiusi (ref. ID; 6111)
Protozoa: Euplotes patella (ref. ID; 6111)
Protozoa: Glaucoma scintillans (ref. ID; 6111)
Protozoa: Holosticha kessleri (ref. ID; 6111)
Protozoa: Loxodes striatus (ref. ID; 6111)
Protozoa: Paramecium bursaria (ref. ID; 6111)
Protozoa: Paramecium caudatum (ref. ID; 6111)
Protozoa: Paramecium putrinum (ref. ID; 6111)
Protozoa: Spirostomum teres (ref. ID; 6111)
Protozoa: Stylonychia pustulata (ref. ID; 6111)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6788)
Oligochaeta: Tubifex tubifex (ref. ID; 6968)
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 6758)

[Nickel Chloride Salt]
Test organisms;
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 7010)


[Nickel Nitrate]
Test organisms;
Protozoa: Euglena gracilis (ref. ID; 3548)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 7163)
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 3301, 6823)

[Ni(NO3)2]
Test organisms;
Protozoa: Colpidium campylum (ref. ID; 6081)

[Nickel Oxide]
Test organisms;
Nematoda: Panagrellus redivivus (ref. ID; 868)

[Nickel Sulphate]
Test organisms;
Protozoa: Colpoda steinii (ref. ID; 499)


[Nickel(II) Sulfate]

[Nickel(II) Sulfate, Anhydrous]
Chemical formula; NiSO4
Chemical characteristics; Water soluble.
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6866, 7163)

[Nickel(II) Sulfate, Hexahydrate] CAS[10101-97-0] UN3077
Chemical formula; NiSO4/6H2O
Chemical characteristics; Water soluble.
Test organisms; *Protozoa: Tetrahymena pyriformis (ref. ID; 3554)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia foetida (ref. ID; 7145)
Nematoda: Caenorhabiditis elegans (ref. ID; 6824, 7033)

[NiSO4/7H2O]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Tubifex tubifex (ref. ID; 6079, 6080)


[NiCO3/2Ni(OH)2/4H2O]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Eisenia foetida (ref. ID; 7145)

[Sediment Ni Pollution]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (ref. ID; 6782)

[Soil Ni Pollution]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Allolobophora tuberculata (ref. ID; 6104)


Pesticide
[Nickel Diacetate]
Trade name; nickel acetate (J): Ruston
Chemical formula; C4H6NiO4
Purpose for use; fungicide

[Nickel bis(dimethyldithiocarbamate)]
Trade name; nickel dimethyldithiocarbamate (J): DDC-Ni, Sankel
Chemical formula; C6H12N2NiS4
Purpose for use; bactericide
Toxicity; LD50 (oral): mouse 5200 mg/kg