= Benzene hexachloride
Chemical formula; C6H6Cl6
Isomer: Alpha-BHC CAS[319-84-6] UN2761
Isomer: Beta-BHC CAS[319-85-7]
Isomer: Delta-BHC CAS[319-86-8]
Isomer: Gamma-BHC (Gammexane, Lindane) CAS[58-89-9] UN2761

Chemical characteristics; Octanol-water partition coefficient log Kow 3.8. (ref. ID; 6961)
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Community (ref. ID; 6961)

Trade name; lindane (J, I, B): BHC (J Date registered 2/24/1949, Date registration annulled 11/27/1971, Date marketing stopped 12/30/1971), Gammexane, HCH, Lindafor flo, Lindex
Chemical characteristics; Lipophilicity Kow 3.6 (Rippen, 1991)
Octanol-water partition coefficient log Kow 3.7. (ref. ID; 6961)
Hydrophobicity Log Kow 3.85. (ref. ID; 6984)
Purpose for use; Organochlorine insecticide.
Mode of action; It is a GABA-gated chloride channel antagonists, acting as a central nervous system stimulant and also an inducer of DNA fragmentation. (ref. ID; 6754)
Toxicity; LD50 (oral): rat (male) 88 mg/kg, (female) 91 mg/kg
According to Austrian standards, lindane belongs to toxicity class 3, "moderately toxic to warm-blooded organisms". It acts as inhalation, ingestion, or contact poison. The LD50 in rats (oral) amounts to 88-225 mg kg-1 and (dermal) 500 mg kg-1 body weight. Lindane is rather persistent. In the laboratory, 50% degradation occurs within 600 days (Laskowski et al. 1983) (ref. ID; 6768)
Test organisms;
Green algae (formerly including protozoa): Chlamydomonas reinhardi (ref. ID; 1319)
Protozoa: Colpidium campylum (ref. ID; 6784)
Protozoa: Spirostomum teres (ref. ID; 6838)
Protozoa: Tetrahymena pyriformis (ref. ID; 1319, 3554, 6098)
Rotifera: Brachionus calyciflorus (ref. ID; 127, 128, 510, 1317, 1666)
Rotifera: Brachionus plicatilis (ref. ID; 128)
Oligochaeta: Aporrectodea longa (ref. ID; 6137)
Oligochaeta: Enchytraeus albidus (ref. ID; 6754, 6816, 6984)
Oligochaeta: Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (ref. ID; 3110, 6670)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus terrestris (ref. ID; 6904)
Oligochaeta: Tubifex tubifex (ref. ID; 3110, 6636, 6670)
Oligochaeta: Community (ref. ID; 6961)
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 7009)
Microcosms: Zooplankton, Phytoplankton, and Periphyton (ref. ID; 4448, 6752)
Mesocosms: Zooplankton community (ref. ID; 6105)
Soil microfauna (ref. ID; 6768)