Ref ID : 4980

Alastair G.B. Simpson; Cytoskeletal organization, phylogenetic affinities and systematics in the contentious taxon Excavata (Eukaryota). International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53:1759-1777, 2003
Reprint : In File
Notes : An overview of the controversial proposal for the major eukaryote taxon 'Excavata' is presented. Excavata is predicted to include at least ten distinct groups: jakobids, Malawimonas, Trimastix, Carpediemonas, retortamonads, diplomonads, Heterolobosea, oxymonads, parabasalids and Euglenozoa. These 'excavates' have broadly similar flagellar apparatus organizations, for which a 'universal' terminology is provided. Most, but not all, of these organisms share a distinctive suspension-feeding groove, as well as some or all of a set of seven other proposed cytoskeletal apomorphies. Cladistic analyses of morphological data do not resolve high-level relationships within Excavata. Excavata-rich molecular phylogenies recover some robust clades, but do not support or strongly refute the monophyly of Excavata. A partial classfication for excavates is presented, with phylogenetic diagnoses for Excavata and for two novel taxon names, Fornicata (Carpediemonas, retortamonads, diplomonads) and Preaxostyla (Trimastix, oxymonads).