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Lifespan database for Vehicles, Equipment, and Structures: LiVES

  •  Japanese
  • Database updated:2010.3.31
  • Database created:2009.3.31

The database LiVES has been compiled through a review of lifespan data of commodities reported in statistical surveys by the national government and other public organizations, research papers, reports by industry associations, and other publications. It includes over 1300 records that had been surveyed and estimated in 16 countries, and provides a data retrieval service by category of commodities.

The database compilation was supported by the Ministry of the Environment of Japan under Waste Management Research Grants K1810, K1930, and K2031.

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Important Notes on Using the Database

Before using lifespan data in the database, confirm the data by source materials whenever possible. When quoting the data, cite the source materials and specify that this database was used as well (example of specification: “Database LiVES by National Institute for Environmental Studies was used to find the literature.”).

Particular attention must be paid to the fact that there are various lifespan definitions and types of lifespan distribution, and those of lifespan data in this database differ by source material. When using data, be sure to confirm definition, type of distribution, and estimation method of the data, and then select the appropriate data for your purpose. For details of the definition, type, estimation method of lifespan data, refer to the relevant explanatory pages (click here) and literature listed in the Research Results section.

Inquiries / additional information from users

If you have any inquiries on this database, please contact us via e-mail at

Please note that we are not able to answer inquiries not directly related to this database, such as those related to specific data. In such cases, please refer to the relevant source materials.

The database is based on published information that had been reviewed by the authors by March 31, 2009. All persons possessing information that are not included in the database or that were published after April 2009, or any other additional information are asked to contact us via email at the address above with electronic file(s) of source materials attached. Received data will be added to the database after confirmation by the authors. We sincerely look forward to your cooperation in improving the database.

Authors of the Database

The authors of this database are the five researchers named below (in alphabetical order).

Ichiro Daigo (the University of Tokyo)
Seiji Hashimoto (National Institute for Environmental Studies)
Shinsuke Murakami (the University of Tokyo)
Masahiro Oguchi (National Institute for Environmental Studies)
Tomohiro Tasaki (National Institute for Environmental Studies)

Research Results

  • Shinsuke Murakami, Masahiro Oguchi, Tomohiro Tasaki, Ichiro Daigo, and Seiji Hashimoto: Lifespan of commodities, Part. I: A review, Journal of Industrial Ecology, 14(4), pp.598-612 (2010)
  • Masahiro Oguchi, Shinsuke Murakami, Tomohiro Tasaki, Ichiro Daigo, and Seiji Hashimoto: Lifespan of commodities, Part. ΙΙ: Methodologies for estimating lifespan distribution of commodities, Journal of Industrial Ecology, 14(4), pp.613-626 (2010)
  • Masahiro Oguchi, Shinsuke Murakami, Tomohiro Tasaki, Ichiro Daigo, and Seiji Hashimoto: A database and characterization of existing lifespan information of electrical and electronic equipment, Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology (ISSST), CD-ROM (2010)
  • Tomohiro Tasaki, Shinsuke Murakami, Masahiro Oguchi, Seiji Hashimoto: Life span of commodities, Abstract Book of the 4th International Conference of the International Society for Industrial Ecology (ISIE Conference 2007), p.328 (2007)

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