The method of using regularly operated ferries has been proved effective
in evaluating the human intervention to the natural cycle of elements and
its effects on marine environment. The method has also been recognized
by other international organizations. Several organizations in EU have
started monitoring program using ferries called European Ferry-Box Program13),14),15), and the North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES) is also planning
to use a VOS to detect the biological response of the sea to the climate
Considering the rapid economical growth in the Eastern Asia regions, marine
environmental issues of the seas neighboring these countries are crucial
and the monitoring should be promoted. According to the United Nations
Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), the marine investigation in
the EEZ (exclusive economic zone) needs permission from the coastal countries.
Furthermore, the marine environment is inherently an international issue.
Therefore, the establishment of close cooperation and collaboration of
coastal countries is essential18).
NIES had been working with Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute
(KORDI) under Japan-Korea Environment Protection Agreement. In 1998, KORDI
has started its own monitoring program between Incheon and Cheju. Establishing
the network of monitoring programs should be promoted throughout the Asian
waters to understand the marine environmental problem and finding its solutions.