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  2. Baba S, Inoue T, Kadoya T, Fukuda K. 2012. Butteflies and mangrove branches. ISME/GLOMIS Electronic Journal 10: 13-15.

  3. Chiou-Rong Sheue CH, Yong JWH, Yang YP. 2005. The Bruguiera (Rhizophoraceae) Species in the Mangroves of Singapore, Especially on the New Record and the Rediscovery. Taiwania 50: 251-260.

  4. Cornejo X, Bonifaz C.2006. Rhizophora racemosa G. Mey (Rhizophoraceae) en Ecuador y Per, y el color de los Ûvulos: un nuevo caracter en Rhizophora. Brenesia 65:11-17.

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  6. Echezuría H, Córdova J, González M, González V, Méndez J, Yanes C. 2002. Assessment of environmental changes in Orinoco River delta. Regional Environmental Change 3: 20-35.

  7. Ellison AM. 2004. Wetlands of Central America. Wetlands Ecology and Management 12: 3-55.

  8. Ellison JC. 2009. Wetlands of the Pacific Island region. Wetlands Ecology and Management 17: 169-206.

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  10. Fromard F, Puig H, Mougin E, Marty G, Betoulle JL, Cadamuro L. 1998. Structure, above-ground biomass and dynamics of mangrove ecosystems: new data from French Guiana. Oecologia 115: 39-53.

  11. Gammage S, Benitez M, Machado M. 2002. An entitlement approach to the challenges of mangrove management in El Salvador. Ambio 31: 285-294.

  12. Gilman E, Ellison J, Coleman R. 2007. Assessment of mangrove response to projected relative sea-level rise and recent historical reconstruction of shoreline position. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 124: 105-130.

  13. Goutham-Bharathi MP, Kaliyamoorthy M, Dam Roy S, Krishnan P, Grinson George, Murugan C. 2012. Sonneratia ovata (Sonneratiaceae) -A new distributional record for India from Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Taiwania 57: 406–409.

  14. Hsueh ML, Lee HH. 2000. Diversity and distribution of the mangrove forests in Taiwan. Wetlands Ecology and Management 8: 233-242.

  15. Iftekhar MS, Islam MR. 2004. Managing mangroves in Bangladesh: A strategy analysis. Journal of Coastal Conservation 10: 139-146.

  16. Inoue T, Asano T. 2013. Characteristics of Water Quality and Nitrogen-Associated Bacterial Functions in Mekong Delta Mangroves. Global Environmental Research 17: 199-206.

  17. Inoue T, Takagi H, Nohara S, Anzai Y. 2011. Contrast of nitrogen around roots of mangrove plants. Plant and Soil 339: 471-483.

  18. Ito H. 1954. Some Micronesian Fern. Botanical Magazine Tokyo 67: 214-221.

  19. Jayatissa LP, Dahdouh-Guebas F, Koedam N. 2002. A review of the floral composition and distribution of mangroves in Sri Lanka. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 138: 29-43.

  20. Jiménez JA. 1990. The structure and function of drv weather mangroves on the Pacific Coast Central America, with emphasis Avicennia bicolor forests. Estuaries 13:182-192.

  21. Kadoya T, Inoue T. 2014. Spatio-temporal pattern of specific gravity of mangrove diaspore: implications for upstream dispersal. Ecography 37: 001–008, 2014 doi: 10.1111/ecog.01074.

  22. Kathiresan K, Rajendran N. 2005. Mangrove ecosystems of Indian Ocean region. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences. 34: 104-113.

  23. Li MS, Lee SY. 1997. Mangroves of China: a brief review. Forest Ecology and Management 96: 241-259.

  24. Lloyd RM. 1980. Reproductive biology and gametophyte morphology of New World populations Acrostichum aureum. American Fern Journal 70: 99-110.

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  26. Machado de Menezes MP, Berger U, Mehlig U. 2008. Mangrove vegetation in Amazonia: a review of studies from the coast of Parà and Maranhao States, north Brazil. Acta Amazonica 38: 403-420.

  27. Macnae W. 1971. Mangroves on Aldabra. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 260: 237-247.

  28. Mehltreter K, Palacios-Riost M. 2003. Phenological studies of Acrostichum danaeifolium (Pteridaceae, Pteridophyta) at a mangrove site on the Gulf of Mexico. Journal of Tropical Ecology 19: 155-162.

  29. Mokhtari M, Savari A, Rezai H, Kochanian P, Bitaab A. 2007. Population ecology of fiddler crab, Uca lactea annulipes (Decapoda: Ocypodidae) in Sirik mangrove estuary, Iran. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 76: 273-2811.

  30. Murray MR, Zisman SA, Furley PA, Munro DM, Gibson J, Ratter J, Bridgewater S, Minty CD, Place CJ. 2003. The mangroves of Belize, Part 1: Distribution, composition and classification. Forest Ecology and Management 174: 265-279.

  31. Ong JE. 2003. Plants of the Merbok Mangroves, Kedah, Malaysia and the urgent need for their conservation. Folia Malaysiana 4:1-18.

  32. Ono K, Suzuki K, Naing AK, Than MM, Aung TT, Mochida Y. 2011. Plants in mangrove forests of the Lampi group of islands in Tanintharyi Division, Myanmar. ISME/GLOMIS Electronic Journal 9: 4-7.

  33. Primavera JH. 2000. Development and conservation of Philippine mangroves: institutional issues. Ecological Economics 35: 91-106

  34. Ragavan P, Ravichandran K, Mohan PM, Sxaena A, Prasanth RS, Jayaraj RC, Saravanan S. 2015. Short Communication: Note on Excoecaria indica (Willd.) Muell.-Arg, 1863 (Euphorbiaceae) from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India; a data deficient species. Biodiversitas 16: 22-26.

  35. Rotaquio Jr. EL, Nakagoshi N, Rotaquio, RL. 2007. Species composition of mangrove forest in Aurora, Philippines: A special reference to the presence of Kandelia candel (L.) Druce. Journal of International Development and Cooperation 13: 61-78.

  36. Seaward MRD, Hambler C, Aptroot A. 1996. Bryophtytes and lichens of Aldabra. Tropical Bryology 12: 29-33.

  37. Sheue C-R, Liu H-Y, Tsai C-C, Rashid SMA, Yong JWH, Yang Y-P. 2009. On the morphology and molecular basis of segregation of Ceriops zippeliana and C. decandra (Rhizophoraceae) from Asia. Blumea 54: 220-227.

  38. Sheue C-R, Yang Y-P, Liu H-Y, Chou F-S, Chang HC, Saenger P, Mangion CP, Wughtman G, Yong JWH, Tsai C-C. 2009. Reevaluating the taxonomic status of Ceriops australis (Rhizophoraceae) based on morphological and molecular evidence. Botanical Studies 50: 89-100.

  39. Sun M, Wong KC, Lee JSY. 1998. Reproductive biology and population genetic structure of Kandelia candel (Rhizophoraceae), a viviparous mangrove species. American Journal of Botany 85: 631-1637.

  40. Tarazona J, Gutiérrez D, Paredes C, Indacochea A. 2003. Overview and challenges of Marine Biodiversity Research in Peru. Gayana (Concepción) 67: 206-231.

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Report

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  2. Barangan F. 2008. National Report on Mangroves in South China Sea-Philippines. UNEP/GEF, Philippines, 8pp.

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  5. CBD. 2004. National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan - State of Qatar, 72pp.

  6. DGE. 2000. Stratégie Nationale et Plan D’action pour la Conservation de la Diversité Biologique. République Fédérale Islamique des Comores, Ministére de la Production et de l’environnement: Direction Générale de l’environnement. Moroni, Comores, 167pp.

  7. Diop ES. 1993. Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Mangrove Forests in Latin America and Africa Regions. ISME Mangrove Ecosystems Technical Reports 3: 1-262.

  8. Duke NC, Mackenzie J, Wood A. 2012. A revision of mangrove plants of the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Samoa. Centre for Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research (TropWATER) Publication 12/13, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia, 20pp.

  9. Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi (EAD). 2006. Marine and Coastal Environment Sector Paper. Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, 112pp.

  10. Fan H. 2008. National Report on Mangroves in South China Sea-China. UNEP/GEF, Chaina, 25pp.

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  12. Hameed F. 2002. First National Report to the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Ministry of Home Affairs Housing and Environment, Republic of Maldives, 84pp.

  13. Hatton J, Munguambe F. eds. 1997. First national report on the Conservatoin of Biologcial Diversity in Mozambique, IMPACT0 Maputo, Mozambique, 49pp.

  14. Havanond S. 2008. National Report on Mangroves in South China Sea-Thailand. UNEP/GEF, Thailand, 24pp.

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  16. 国際マングローブ生態系協会. 2004. 沿岸生態系と海面上昇モニタリングを目的とした沖縄県内のマングローブ分布状況調査. 沖縄県委託調査研究業務報告書. 153pp.

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  21. Macintosh DJ, Ashton EC. 2003. Report on the Central and South America Regional Workshop on the Sustainable Management of Mangrove Forest Ecosystems, ISME/cenTER Aarhus, Washington DC, USA, 40pp.

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  23. Miyawaki A. 1986. Socio-economic aspects of mangrove vegetation in Japan. In: Kunstadter P, Bird ECF, Sabhasri S. eds. Man in the Mangroves: The Socio-economic Situation of Human Settlements in Mangrove Forests. United Nations University Press, Tokyo, Japan, 96-103.

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Book

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  4. Daniel L. Nickrent DL, Eshbaugh WH, Wilson TK. 2008. The vascular flora of Andros Island, Bahamas, University of Illinois, Maiami University, USA, 221pp.

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  7. Juman R. 2010. Wetlands of Trinidad and Tobago. Institute of Marine Affairs, Trinidad and Tobago, 91pp.

  8. Kitamura S, Anwar C, Chaniago A, Baba S. 1997. Handbook of Mangroves in Indonesia - Bali and Lombok. ISME, Okinawa, Japan, 119pp.

  9. Mueller-Dombois D, Fosberg FR. 1998. Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands, Vol 132. Springer-Verlag, New York, 773pp.

  10. Nilus R, Chung AYC, Pereira JT, Sugau JB, Tangah J, Sabran S, Chong RFY. 2010. Mangroves of Sabah: An Introduction to the Flora and Fauna, Sabah Forestry Department, Malaysia, 151pp.

  11. Ordóñez TMM, House P. 2002. Mapa De Ecosistemas Vegetales De Honduras: Manual De Consulta, Tegucigalpa, M. D. C., Honduras, 60pp.

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  14. Silva-Benavides AM. 2009 Mangroves. In: Wehrtmann IS, Cortés J. eds. Marine Biodiversity in Costa Rica, Central America. Monographiae Biologicae volume 86, Springer,123-130.

  15. Sukardjo S, Alongi D M. 2012. Mangroves of the South China Sea, Ecology and Human Impact on Indonesia's Forests, Nova publishers, New York, USA, 230pp.

  16. Sullivan-Sealey K, Brunnick B, Harzen S, Luton C, Nero V, Flowers L. 2002. An Ecoregional Plan for the Bahamian Archipelago. Taras Oceanographic Foundation, Jupiter, Florida, USA, 669pp.

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Website

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  5. Yao CE. 2000. Philippine mangroves: some potential new finds. Over Seas: The online magazine for sustainable seas, vol.3(6). [WWW document] URL http://oneocean.org/overseas/200006/philippine_mangroves.html. [accessed: 3 January 2015]

Personal Communication

  1. Ong JE, Nasir, Tan S, Wan WAJ, Yong JWH. 2013. List and conservation status of the true mangrove species at Merbok, Kedah. [Personal communication].

Field confirmation

  1. ISME. 2002. Field confirmation.

  2. ISME, NIES. 2015. Field confirmation.

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