Distribution of Individual Mangrove Species

A total of 74 mangrove species and hybrids are considered by this website in line with the World Atlas of Mangroves (2010). Two distinct floristic regions of mangrove distribution are specified. The Indo-West Pacific region extends from East Africa eastwards to the islands of the Central Pacific, and is home to 63 species. The other is the Atlantic East Pacific region, including all of the Americas, and West and Central Africa, with 12 species. There are no overlapping species except for the mangrove fern Acrostichum aureum. The center of global mangrove diversity is South East Asia, where the highest diversity of species can be seen in Indonesia and Malaysia, with 47 and 53 species respectively.

The tables shown here depict species distribution information which has been confirmed through various sources: scientific papers, books, reports, websites, field confirmation and personal communications. The tables also contain “Introduced” or “Extinct” species where information was available.


A list of data sources is available for end-users.

The tables are still under construction and more work is needed to generate accurate species distribution tables, especially where less documentation is available. Any input, suggestions and comments are welcome.
Please send to "TroCEP" (add "@nies.go.jp").

Mangrove Species Distribution Table (All)

Table1 Mangrove Species Distribution Table (All)

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Mangrove Species Distribution Table (Detailed Regional Distribution)

Western Indo-Pacific

Eastern and Southern Africa

Comoros (the), Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, Tanzania (the) United Republic of

The Middle East

Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan (the), United Arab Emirates (the), Yemen

South Asia

Bangladesh, British Indian Ocean territory, India, Maldives, Pakistan, Sri Lanka

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Central Indo-Pacific

South-east Asia

Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Myanmar, Philippines (the), Singapore, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Vietnam
Malaysia: Total, Kedah, Langkawi, Merbok, Perak, and Sabah.

East Asia

China, Hong Kong , Taiwan
Japan: Total, Amami Oshima Island, Irabu Island, Iriomote Island, Ishigaki Island, Kume Island, Minamidaito Island, Miyako Island, Okinawa Island, Satsuma Peninsula, Tane Island, Yaku Island, Yonaguni Island, and Kohama Island.

Australia and New Zealand

Australia: Total, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, and Western Australia.
Christmas Island, New Zealand

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Eastern Indo-Pacific

Pacific Islands

Species table (PDF)

American Samoa, Fiji, Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands (the), Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna Islands

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The Americas

North and Central America and Caribbean

Belize, Bermuda, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, United States of America (the), Bahamas (the), Caymen Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic (the), Haiti, Jamaica, Lesser Antilles, Lesser Antilles-Anguilla , Lesser Antilles-Trinidad and Tobago, Puerto Rico, Turks and Caicos Islands

South America

Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

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West and Central Africa

West and Central Africa

Angola (inl. Cabinda), Benin, Cameroon, Congo, Congo (the), Democratic Republic of the, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia (the), Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mauritania, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

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