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Rhynchophorus ferrugineus

Basic information
Scientific name Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (No picture)
Common names Red palm weevil
Higher taxon Dryophthoridae, Curculionoidea, Coleoptera
Natural range Southeast Asia
Habitat Parasite on palm trees
Invasion information
Range in Japan Daito Islands, Okinawajima Is., Kagoshima (mainland), Miyazaki, Kumamoto, Oita, Nagasaki (mainland), Fukuoka (mainland and Nokonoshima Is.), Hiroshima, Okayama, Awajishima Is., and Wakayama Prefs. Range in Japan
Origin Unknown.
Date The first establishment in Japan was in Daito Islands (year unknown). The first record in Okianawajima Is. was in 1975.
Route Accidental: Hitchhiking on transport of palm trees (e.g., Phoenix canariensis).
Impact Predation on palm trees. Giving rise to palm wilt disease by trasmitting Fsariumu oxysporum.
Native organism(s) affected: Palm trees. In Japan, Phoenix canariensis has been damaged most frequently.
Regulation in Japan Dryophthoridae beetles are designated as Quarantine Pest (the Plant Protection Law).
Introduced range in other countries Taiwan, continental China, Southeast Asia, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Mediterranean area (Middle East, Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Malta, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey), Madagascar, Australia, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, USA, Aruba Is.
Reference Notes
  • Aman (2001) Occurrence and damage caused by the red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus. Plant Protection. 55(7), 298-302 (in Jpn)
  • Aman et al. (2000) Occurrence of red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, in Miyazaki Prefecture. Kyushu Pl Prot Res. 46, 127-131 (in Jpn)
  • CISR (2011) The Center for Invasive Species Research. (Accessed on 2012-3-30)
  • Hayashi et al. (eds) (1984) The Coleoptera of Japan in Color Vol. IV. Hoikusha, Osaka (in Jpn)
  • Plant Protection Station (2011) The Plant Protection Act. Quarantine Pest List. (Accessed on 2012-3-30) (in Jpn)
  • Usui et al. (2006) Expansion of infestation of red pine weeble, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Oliv.) and its bibliography. Forest Pests. 651, 111 (in Jpn)
  • Yoshimoto (2011) Efficient methods to prevent the canary date palm from damages caused by the red palm weevil in Nagasaki Prefecture. Nagasaki Agr Forest Tech Devel Cent. 2, 35-46 (in Jpn with English abst)
  • Yoshitake et al. (2001) Occurrence of Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Dryophthoridae) on Nokonoshima Island, southern Japan and its possible invasion further north. Kyushu Plant Protection Res. 47, 145-150 (in Jpn)
  • etc.