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Coptotermes formosanus

Basic information
Scientific name Coptotermes formosanus

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Common names Formosan subterranean termite
Higher taxon Rhinotermitidae, Isoptera
Natural range Continental China, Hong Kong
Habitat Subterranean and generally live underground with moisture.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Pacific side of Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu Islands, Ryukyu, Izu, and Chichijima Is. of Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands. Range in Japan
Origin Ogasawara (Bonin) population may be introduced from southern North America (possibly Florida).
Date Introduction to Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands was ca. 1955.
Route Hitchhiking on various timbers, mulch, potted plants, boats, etc.
Impact Damage on timbers, wooden furniture, some cultural property (e.g., wooden temples), books, etc.
Regulation in Japan Introduction of this species and transport of timbers and trees from the area with this termite into Hahajima Island, Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands, are prohibited by a regulation of local government.
Rhinotermitidae (except this species) is designated as a Quarantine Pest (the Plant Protection Law).
Introduced range in other countries Taiwan, Sri Lanka, South Africa, mainland of USA, Guam, Midway
Reference Notes
100 of the World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species, 100 of the Japan’s Worst Invasive Alien Species