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Caverelius saccharivorus

Basic information
Scientific name Caverelius saccharivorus

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カンシャコバネナガカメムシ
Common names Oriental chinch bug
Higher taxon Lygaeidae, Lygaeoidea, Hemiptera
Natural range Taiwan
Habitat Parasite on monocot plants (e.g., Miscanthus sinensis, Zizania latifolia, sugarcane Saccharum officinarum, etc.)
Invasion information
Range in Japan Miyazaki Pref., Kagoshima Pref. (Ibusuki City, Sakurajima, Tanegashima Is., and Amamioshima Is.), and Okinawa Pref. (Okinawajima and Miyakojima Is.) Range in Japan
Origin Taiwan
Date The first record in Japan was in 1914 at southern Okinawajima Is. In the other areas in Japan, this species was recorded by 1922.
Route Accidental: Hitchhiking with sugarcane seedling from Taiwan.
Impact Predation on monocot plants. Damage on agriculture (serious pest for sugarcane).
Native organism(s) affected: Monocots (e.g., Miscanthus sinensis, Zizania latifolia) and crop (sugarcane)
Regulation in Japan Family Lygaeidae is desgnated as a Quarantine Pest (the Plant Protection Law).
Introduced range in other countries
Reference Notes
  • Ito et al. (eds.) (1977) Colored Illustrations of the Insect of Japan Vol. II. Hoikusha, Higashiosaka (in Jpn)
  • Oshiro (1979) Studies on the population dynamics of the oriental chinch bug, Caverelius saccharivorus (Okajima) (Heteroptera, Lygaeidae) in the sugarcane field. Part 1. Occurrence of macropterous form and its migration to the spring and summer sugarcane fields. Kontyu, Tokyo. 47(4), 606-615 (in Jpn with English abst)
  • Oshiro (1981) Studies on the population dynamics of the oriental chinch bug, Caverelius saccharivorus (Okajima) (Heteroptera, Lygaeidae) in the sugarcane field. Part 2. Effects of temperature, day length and population density on the appearance of the macropterous adult. Kontyu, Tokyo. 49(2), 385-389 (in Jpn with English abst)
  • Plant Protection Station (2011) The Plant Protection Act. Quarantine Pest List. (Accessed on 2012-4-18) http://www.pps.go.jp/law_active/Notification/basis/5/245/html/245.html (in Jpn)
  • Yasunaga et al. (1993) A Field Guide to Japanese Bugs. Terrestrial Heteropterans. Zennokyo, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • etc.
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