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Macaca fascicularis

Basic information
Scientific name Macaca fascicularis

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Common names Crab-eating macaque
Higher taxon Cercopithecidae, Primates, Mammalia
Natural range Southern Indochina, Myanmar, Borneo, Timor, Philippine, Nicobar Islands.
Habitat Coastal forest, especially mangrove.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Not established in Japan. Although this species was released on Jinaijima Is. (Izu Islands) in 1971, the population disappeared around 1995. Range in Japan
Date Introduced to Jinaijima Is. in 1971.
Route Deliberate: Released for tourist attraction.
Impact Potentially: Competition. Hybridization. Damage on agriculture. Carrying parasites.
Native organism(s) affected: Native macaque Macaca fuscata, birds, vegetation, crops, forestry products.
Regulation in Japan Import, transport and keeping are prohibited in Japan by the Invasive Alien Species Act.
Introduced range in other countries Hong Kong, Angaur Is. (Palau), Mauritius, New Guinea.
Reference Notes
  • DECO (ed) (2006) Dictionary of Alien Species. Tokyo-Shoseki. (in Jpn)
  • JWRC (ed) (2008) A Photographic Guide to the Invasive Alien Species in Japan. Heibonsha. (in Jpn)
  • Ministry of the Environment, Japan. The Invasive Alien Species Act (Accessed on 2012-5-26)
  • Yamada et al. (eds) (2011) Invasive Alien Mammals in japan: Biology of Control Strategy and Conservation. Univ. Tokyo Press (in Jpn)
100 of the World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species.