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[Photo]: With picture
Higher Taxa Scientific Name
[Common name]
Legal control Distribution in Japan
Soricidae, Soricomorpha, Mammalia Crocidura dsinezumi
  [Dsinezumi shrew]
Yes Eastern Hokkaido
Soricidae, Soricomorpha, Mammalia Suncus murinus
  [House musk shrew]
Nagasaki (mainland and Fukuejima Is. of Goto Islands) and Kagoshima (mainland) Prefs. ...
Erinaceidae, Erinaceomorpha, Mammalia Erinaceus spp.
  [Hedgehogs of Genus Erinaceus]
Yes Established: Shizuoka and Kanagawa Prefs. Recorded: Iwate, Nagano, Toyama, and Tochig ...
Suidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia Sus scrofa   [Photo]
  [Wild boar]
Yes Ototojima Is. (Ogasawara), Okinoerabu Is. (Amami). Cross-bred feral pigs are establis ...
Bovidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia Bos taurus
  [Cattle]
Bovidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia Capra hircus   [Photo]
  [Feral goat]
Yes Chichijima (Ogasawara), Hachijojima (Izu Islands), Madarajima (Saga Pref.), a part of ...
Cervidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia Cervus mariannus
  [Philippine sambar]
Cervidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia Cervus nippon keramae
  [Ryukyu Sika Deer]
Yes Yakabi, Aka, Geruma, and Fukachi Is. in Kerama Islands, central Ryukyus.
Cervidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia Cervus nippon mageshimae Gajajima Is. (Tokara Islands) and Akune-Oshima Is. (Kagoshima)
Cervidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia Cervus nippon taiouanus
  [Formosan Sika Deer]
Yes
Cervidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia Muntiacus reevesi   [Photo]
  [Reeves's (or Chinese) Muntjac]
Yes
Leporidae, Lagomorpha, Mammalia Oryctolagus cuniculus
  [Domestic rabbit]
Many peripheral islands. Toshima-oshima, Toshima-kojima (Hokkaido), Nanatsujima (Ishi ...
Equidae, Perissodactyla, Mammalia Equus caballus
  [Horse]
Miyazaki Pref., Yururijima Is., Hokkaido.
Vespertilionidae, Chiroptera, Mammalia Pipistrellus abramus
  [Japanese pipistrelle]
Yes Hakodate, southern Hokkaido
Cercopithecidae, Primates, Mammalia Macaca cyclopis   [Photo]
  [Taiwan macaque]
Yes Izuoshima Is. (Izu Islands), Onejima Is. (Shizuoka) and northern Wakayama Prefs. A po ...
Cercopithecidae, Primates, Mammalia Macaca fascicularis
  [Crab-eating macaque]
Yes Not established in Japan. Although this species was released on Jinaijima Is. (Izu Is ...
Cercopithecidae, Primates, Mammalia Macaca mulatta   [Photo]
  [Rhesus monkey]
Yes Southern Chiba Pref.
Cebidae, Primates, Mammalia Saimiri sciureus
  [Common Squirrel Monkey]
Yes Frequently recorded in Izu Peninsula, central Japan. Whether established or not is un ...
Procyonidae, Carnivora, Mammalia Procyon lotor
  [Common Raccoon]
Yes Almost entire Japan
Mustelidae, Carnivora, Mammalia Martes melampus melampus   [Photo]
  [Yellow marten]
Southern Hokkaido and Sadogashima Is.
Mustelidae, Carnivora, Mammalia Mustela itatsi   [Photo]
  [Japanese weasel]
Hokkaido and peripheral islands (Rishiri and Rebun Is.), Izu Islands (Toshima, Miyake ...
Mustelidae, Carnivora, Mammalia Mustela sibirica
  [Siberian weasel]
Fukui, Gifu, Aichi Prefs. to western Japan except Ryukyus. Two small islands, Aoshima ...
Mustelidae, Carnivora, Mammalia Neovison vison   [Photo]
  [American mink]
Yes Entire part of Hokkaido, and several parts of Miyagi, Fukushima, Gumma, and Nagano Pr ...
Canidae, Carnivora, Mammalia Canis lupus familiaris   [Photo]
  [Feral dog]
Almost entire Japan
Canidae, Carnivora, Mammalia Nyctereutes procyonoides   [Photo]
  [Raccoon Dog]
Chiburi Is. (Oki, Shimane Pref.) and Yakushima Is.
Canidae, Carnivora, Mammalia Vulpes vulpes schrencki
  [Red fox]
Saitama and Chiba Prefs.
Viverridae, Carnivora, Mammalia Paguma larvata   [Photo]
  [Masked Musang, Masked Palm Civet]
Yes Entire Japanese Main Islands. Especially many records from Miyagi and Fukushima to Ch ...
Felidae, Carnivora, Mammalia Felis catus   [Photo]
  [Feral cat]
Yes Almost entire Japan including small islands.
Herpestidae, Carnivora, Mammalia Herpestes auropunctatus
  [Small Indian Mongoose]
Yes Okinawajima Is., Amamioshima Is., and mainland of Kagoshima Pref. (Kiire area, Kagosh ...
Echimyidae, Rodentia, Mammalia Myocastor coypus
  [Nutria]
Yes Established in Gifu, Aichi, Mie, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyogo, Okayama, Tottori, Hiroshima, Sh ...
Muridae, Rodentia, Mammalia Mus musculus
  [house mouse]
Almost region.
Muridae, Rodentia, Mammalia Ondatra zibethicus   [Photo]
  [muskrat]
Yes Tokyo, Chiba, Saitama Prefs.
Muridae, Rodentia, Mammalia Rattus exulans
  [Polynesian rat]
Miyakojima Is. (Sakishima Islands)
Muridae, Rodentia, Mammalia Rattus norvegicus
  [Norway rat]
Many peripheral islands. Although mainland populations are assumed to be natural, tho ...
Muridae, Rodentia, Mammalia Rattus rattus   [Photo]
  [Black rat,Roof rat]
Although natural geographic range is unknown, this species is established on many per ...
Sciuridae, Rodentia, Mammalia Callosciurus erythraeus subspp.
  [Formosan squirrel]
Yes Kanagawa Pref. (SE), Shizuoka Pref. (Izu Peninsula and Hamamtsu), Gifu Pref.(Mt. Kink ...
Sciuridae, Rodentia, Mammalia Callosciurus finlaysonii
  [Finlayson's squirrel]
Yes This species or those hybridize with C. erythraeus were found by DNA analysis in Shiz ...
Sciuridae, Rodentia, Mammalia Sciurus vulgaris
  [Eurasian red squirrel]
Yes Recorded from Sayama Hilly Zone, Tokyo and Saitama Pref.
Sciuridae, Rodentia, Mammalia Tamias sibiricus subspp.   [Photo]
  [Siberian chipmunk]
Yes Subspecies T. s. barberi is naturalized in Niigata, Yamanashi, and Gifu Prefs. There ...
Higher Taxa Common name [Scientific Name] Legal control Distribution in Japan

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