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  3. Pinus pinaster

Pinus pinaster

Basic information
Scientific name Pinus pinaster (No picture)
Common names cluster pine, maritime pine
Higher taxon Pinaceae, Pinales, Pinopsida, Pinophyta
Natural range Coastal region of Mediterranean sea. Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, etc.
Habitat Various habitat such as forest, farmland, coastal area, riverside, disturbed habitat such as vacancy or urban area, grassland, sand hill, etc.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Not established in Japan. Sometimes planted. Range in Japan
Route Deliberate: Distributed for ornament.
Impact Impact on entire community by changing the way of wood and water flow.
Regulation in Japan
Introduced range in other countries South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Chile, Uruguay, Reunion, St. Helena.
Reference Notes
  • DECO (ed) (2006) Dictionary of Alien Species. Tokyo-Shoseki. (in Jpn)
  • Earle (ed) (1997-2009) The Gymnosperm Database (Accessed on 2010-12-15)
  • Encyclopedia of Life (Accessed on 2010-12-15)
  • ISSG. Global Invasive Species Database (GISD) (Accessed on 2010-12-15)
  • JWRC (ed) (2008) A Photographic Guide to the Invasive Alien Species in Japan. Heibonsha. (in Jpn)
100 of the World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species. Used for forestry, some chemical manufacture, etc. in Europe.