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Verbena bonariensis

Basic information
Scientific name Verbena bonariensis

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Common names Tall vervain, Purpletop verbena
Higher taxon Verbenaceae, Lamiales, Magnoliopsida, Magnoliophyta
Natural range Central America.
Habitat Urbanarea, riverside, etc.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Almost entire Japan Range in Japan
Date Recorded since late 1940s in Tokai District.
Route Deliberate: For horticulture and greening
Impact Competition with riverside vegetation
Affected organism: Riverside vegetation, etc.
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries
Reference Notes
  • Osada (1976) Colored Illustrations of Naturalized Plants of Japan. Hoikusha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • etc.