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  3. Medicago lupulina

Medicago lupulina

Basic information
Scientific name Medicago lupulina

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Common names Black medic, Hop clover, Yellow trefoil
Higher taxon Fabaceae, Fabales, Magnoliopsida, Magnoliophyta
Natural range Europe.
Habitat Roadside, farm area, grass field, edge of forest, etc.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Almost entire Japan Range in Japan
Origin Unknown.
Date Middle 19th century or earlier.
Route Deliberate: for feed crop
Impact Potentially: Competition with native species and crop plants. Accumulation of soil nitrogen.
Affected organism: Native and crop plants.
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries South and North America, Asia, Oceania, Africa, etc.
Reference Notes
  • Osada (1976) Colored Illustrations of Naturalized Plants of Japan. Hoikusha, Osaka (in Jpn)
  • Satake et al. (1982) Wild Flowers of Japan, Herbaceous Plants [II]. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Shimizu (2003) Naturalized Plants of Japan. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • etc.