National Institute for Environmental Studies Invasive Species of Japan Japanese | English
  1. Invasive Species of Japan >
  2. Invertebrates (except insects) >
  3. Potamopyrgus antipodarum

Potamopyrgus antipodarum

Basic information
Scientific name Potamopyrgus antipodarum

Click to magnify

Common names New Zealand mudsnail
Higher taxon Hydrobiidae, Neotaenioglossa, Gastropoda, Mollusca
Natural range New Zealand
Habitat Freshwater. Having tolerance to salinity. This species likes gravel rather than muddy bottom.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Hokkaido, Aomori, Iwate, Akita, Yamagata, Miyagi, Niigata, Tochigi, Gumma, Saitama, Kanagawa, Nagano, Shizuoka, Aichi, Gifu, Mie, Toyama, Ishikawa, Shiga, Kyoto, Hyogo, Ehime, and Miyazaki Prefs. Range in Japan
Origin Australia or New Zealand.
Date The first record was in 1990, at Mie Pref.
Route Accidental: Hitchhiking on fishery products, on introduction of another freshwater snail (Semisulcospira libertina, as prey for firefly), or on feces of fish.
Impact Competition with native freshwater snails.
Affected organism: Freshwater snails such as Semisulcospira libertina.
Regulation in Japan Keeping this species is prohibited in Shiga Pref.
Introduced range in other countries Australia, Europe, North America (Great Lakes, and Rocky Mountains to western coastal region), Iraq.
Reference Notes
  • Biodiversity occurrence data accessed through GBIF Data Portal, 2011-1-17,
  • Dybdahl & Drown (2010) The absence of genotypic diversity in a successful parthenogenetic invader. Biol Invasions.
  • ISSG. Global Invasive Species Database (GISD) (Accessed on 2011-1-17)
  • Naser & Son (2009) First record of the New Zealand mud snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray 1843) from Iraq: the start of expansion to Western Asia~ Aquatic Invasions. 4(2):369-372
  • Nishi & Matsuoka (2009) First record of the freshwater snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum from Aichi Prefecture, Japan. Sci Rep Toyohashi Mus Nat Hist. 19:23-24 (in Jpn with English abst)
  • The New Zealand mudsnail Management and Control Plan Team (2007-11-05) New Zealand mudsnails in the western USA (Accessed on 2011-1-17)
  • The New Zealand Mudsnail Management and Control Plan Working Group (2007) National Management and Control Plan for the New Zealand Mudsnail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum). The New Zealand Mudsnail Management and Control Plan Working Group, USA.
  • Urabe (2007) The present distribution and issues regarding the control of the exotic snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum in Japan. Jpn J Limnology. 68(3), 491-496 (in Jpn with Englis abst)
  • Wada (2010) Distribution of Pomatopyrgus antipodarum in Saijo City,Ehime Prefecture. Bull Ehime Pref Sci Mus. 15:9-11 (in Jpn with English abst)
  • etc.