National Institute for Environmental Studies Invasive Species of Japan Japanese | English
  1. Invasive Species of Japan >
  2. Insects Alert List >
  3. Apis mellifera scutellata

Apis mellifera scutellata

Basic information
Scientific name Apis mellifera scutellata

Click to magnify

Common names African killer bee, Africanized honey bee
Higher taxon Apidae, Apoidea, Hymenoptera
Natural range Eastern and southern Africa, regions of 500 to 1500 m alt.
Habitat Agricultural areas, natural forests, planted forests, ruderal, urban areas, etc.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Not established in Japan Range in Japan
Route Deliberate: Introduced to Brazil for bee culture and pollination.
Impact Potentially: Stinging humans and animals for strong agressive nature of the Africanized honey bee (sometimes called \\\"killer bee\\\"). Competition with native species. Trade of honeybees can carry various pathogens (foulbrood, chalk disease, Acarapis woodi, Nosema apis)
Native organism(s) affected: Apis cerana japonica (competition)
Regulation in Japan Import of honeybees to Japan is regulated (the Domestic Animal Infectious Diseases Control Law).
Introduced range in other countries central to southern North America to Latin America, Bermuda, Puerto Rico.
Reference Notes
  • Amano (2003) Collaborative investigations on conservation and utilization of stingless honeybees in Mexico. Survey Report Animal Genetic Resources. 13, 1-33 (in Jpn with English abst)
  • DECO (ed) (2006) Dictionary of Alien Species. Tokyo-Shoseki, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • ISSG. Global Invasive Species Database (GISD) (Accessed on 2012-5-10)
  • Jacobsen (2008) Fruitless Fall The Collapse of the Honey Bee and the Coming Agricultural Crisis. Bloomsbury Pub Plc, London.
  • JWRC (ed) (2008) A Photographic Guide to the Invasive Alien Species in Japan. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Pests and Disease Image Library (PaDIL) (Accessed on 2012-5-10)
  • Seeley (1985) Honeybee Ecology. Princeton Univ Press, New Jersey.