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  3. Liriomyza trifolii

Liriomyza trifolii

Basic information
Scientific name Liriomyza trifolii (No picture)
Common names Serpentine leafminer
Higher taxon Agromyzidae, Diptera, Insecta
Natural range Florida
Habitat Parasite on various plants.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Almost entire Japan (all prefectures except Hokkaido, Niigata, and Toyama Prefs.) (until 2002). In Okinawa pref., Okinawajima, Miyakojima, and Ishigakijima Is. Range in Japan
Origin Possibly Europe.
Date The first record in Japan was in 1990 at Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Pref. After, this species spread to 44 prefs. by 2000.
Route Accidental: Hitchhiking on seedlings of some plants such as gerbera.
Impact Actually: Parasite on leaves of various plants.
Native organism(s) affected: Various plants including crops. (beans, tomato, eggplant, potato, melon, celery, carrot, gerbera, chrysanth, etc.)
Regulation in Japan Agromyzidae is designated as Quarantine Pest (the Plant Protection Law).
Introduced range in other countries Europe
Reference Notes
  • Arakaki & Kinjo (1998) Notes on the parasitoid fauna of the serpentine leafminer Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in Okinawa, southern Japan. Appl Entomol Zool. 33, 577-581.
  • Asari et al. (1994) Seasonal changes and chemical control of the legume leafminer, Liriomyza trifolii (Burgass), on eggplant. Proc Kanto-Tosan Plant Prot Soc. 41, 239-241 (in Jpn)
  • Ecol Soc Jpn (ed) (2002) Handbook of Alien Species in Japan. Chijinshokan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Ikari & Saito (1994) Effect of calcium cyanamide against Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess). Proc Kanto-Tosan Plant Prot Soc. 41, 247-248 (in Jpn)
  • Iwasaki et al. (2000) A newly recorded pest, Liriomyza sativae Blanchard in Japan. Plant Protection. 54(4), 21-17 (in Jpn)
  • Kadono & Kawana (1996) Population ecology and biological control by parasitoids of Liriomyza trifolii. Plant Protection. 50, 468-471 (in Jpn)
  • Kohama & Takahara (2002) Exotic insects in Okinawa. Bull Okinawa Pref Mus. 28, 55-92 (in Jpn)
  • Ozawa (2002) Population ecology and biological control by parasitoids of Liriomyza trifoliii. Plant Protection. 56(5), 189-193 (in Jpn)
  • Plant Protection Station (2011) The Plant Protection Act. Quarantine Pest List. (Accessed on 2012-3-07) (in Jpn)
  • Saito (2008) Memories of the difficulty prevention harmful insect research (4) -Liriomyza trifolii-. Plant Protection. 62(3), 168-170 (in Jpn)
  • Saito et al. (1994) Susceptibility of Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) to Pyrazophos and Chlorpyrifos and its control by selected insecticides. Proc Kanto-Tosan Plant Prot Soc. 41, 245-246 (in Jpn)
  • Saito et al. (1994) Stability of susceptibility to three insecticides and development of resitance to Isoxathion in Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess). Proc Kanto-Tosan Plant Prot Soc. 41, 243-244 (in Jpn)
  • etc.
100 of the Japan’s Worst Invasive Alien Species