National Institute for Environmental Studies Invasive Species of Japan Japanese | English
  1. Invasive Species of Japan >
  2. Fishes >
  3. Xiphophorus maculatus

Xiphophorus maculatus

Basic information
Scientific name Xiphophorus maculatus (No picture)
Common names Moon fish, Southern platyfish
Higher taxon Poeciliidae, Cyprinodontiformes, Actinopterygii
Natural range Atlantic coastal region of Mexico , Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras
Habitat Warm slow stream with muddy bottom and aquatic grass, canals.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Okinawajima Island (established or not is unclear). Range in Japan
Origin Unknown.
Date Unknown.
Route Deliberate: Release of pet animal
Impact Unknown impact.
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries India, Sri Lanka, Saudi Arabia, Madagascar, Australia, USA, several Caribbean Islands, Brazil, Colombia, Palau, Hawaii, etc.
Reference Notes
  • Froese & Pauly (eds) (2009) FishBase (Accessed on 2010-12-10)
  • Matsuzawa & Senou (2008) Alien fishes of Japan. Bun-ichi Sogo Shuppan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
Although a population was established in a branch of Kuniba River, Okinawajima, it seems extinct after construction.