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Mylopharyngodon piceus

Basic information
Scientific name Mylopharyngodon piceus (No picture)
Common names Black carp, Black chinese roach
Higher taxon Cyprinidae, Cypriniformes, Actinopterygii
Natural range E continental China to N Vietnam
Habitat Large rivers, lakes, and ponds. Nearby bottom.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Breed at Lake Kasumigaura and Lake kitaura in Ibaraki Pref., Tonegawa and Edogawa River System. Released and inhabit Ishikari river in Hokkaido Pref., Harunako Lake in Gunma Pref. and several rivers in Okayama Pref. Range in Japan
Origin Continental China
Date 1878-1943.Establishment in Kasumigaura Lake was confirmed in 1956.
Route Accidental: Hitchhiking on seed release of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella)
Impact Unknown impact.
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries Vietnam, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, USA, Mexico, Cuba, Armenia, Bulgaria, etc.
Reference Notes
  • DECO (ed) (2006) Dictionary of Alien Species. Tokyo-Shoseki, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Froese & Pauly (eds) (2009) FishBase (Accessed on 2010-12-09)
  • JWRC (ed) (2008) A Photographic Guide to the Invasive Alien Species in Japan. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Kawanabe et al. (eds) (2002) Freshwater Fishes of Japan, 3rd ed.. Yama-kei Publishers, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Matsuzawa & Senou (2008) Alien fishes of Japan. Bun-ichi Sogo Shuppan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Yanai et al. (2008) The introduction process in alien fishes found from Lake Kasumigaura and Kitaura. Bull Ibaraki Pref Freshwater Fishery Exper St. 41, 47-54 (in Jpn)
  • Naito & Awakura (2007) An odd cyprinid fish Mylopharyngodon piceus (Black Carp or Ao-uo) firstly recorded in open Hokkaido waters. Scientific reports of the Hokkaido Fish Hatchery. 61, 57-59