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Garrulax canorus

Basic information
Scientific name Garrulax canorus

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Common names Melodius laughing thrush, Hawamei, Chinese thrush
Higher taxon Sylviidae, Passeriformes, Aves
Natural range S continental China, Hainan Is., Hong Kong, Taiwan, N Vietnam, N Laos
Habitat Montane to lowland shrub.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Miyagi, Fukushima, Kanto District except for Chiba, Osaka, Hyogo, Tottori, Shimane, Yamaguchi, Kochi, and Kyushu except for Kagoshima. Range in Japan
Origin Unknown.
Date Imported since mid-age. The first record of wild population was in 1980s in N Kyushu. The first record in Kanto District was in 1990 at Yamanashi Pref.
Route Deliberate: Escape or release of pet animal.
Impact Potentially: Competition with native birds, possibly for food. In Hawaii, invasion of this species causes decline of native birds.
Native organism(s) affected: Native birds.
Regulation in Japan Import, transport and keeping are prohibited by the Invasive Alien Species Act.
Introduced range in other countries Hawaii
Reference Notes
  • DECO (ed) (2006) Dictionary of Alien Species. Tokyo-Shoseki. (in Jpn)
  • Ecol Soc Japan (ed) (2002) Handbook of Alien Species in Japan. Chijin-Shokan. (in Jpn)
  • Eguchi & Amano (2000) Problems of introductions and naturalizations in birds. Jpn J Conserv Ecol. 5, 131-148 (in Jpn)
  • Eguchi & Amano (2004) Spread of exotic birds in Japan. Ornithol Sci. 3, 3-12.
  • Eguchi & Fujimaki (eds) (2000) Check-List of Japanese Birds Sixth Revised Edition. The Ornithological Society of Japan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • JWRC (ed) (2008) A Photographic Guide to the Invasive Alien Species in Japan. Heibonsha. (in Jpn)
  • Kawakami & Kanouchi (2012) The Handbook of Introduced Birds in Japan. Bun-ichi Sogo Shuppan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Lepage (ed) (2003-2012) Avibase – the world bird database (Accessed on 2012-6-11)
  • Ministry of the Environment, Japan. The Invasive Alien Species Act (Accessed on 2011-01-05)
  • etc.
100 of the Japan’s Worst Invasive Alien Species