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  3. Muntiacus reevesi

Muntiacus reevesi

Basic information
Scientific name Muntiacus reevesi

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キョン
Common names Reeves's (or Chinese) Muntjac
Higher taxon Cervidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia
Natural range Taiwan, southern continental China.
Habitat Various forest habitat. Montane broad-leaved forest in Taiwan.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Southern Chiba Pref. and Izuoshima Is. (Izu Islands) Range in Japan
Origin
Date Introduction to Chiba Pref. was in 1960s to 1970s, and to Izuoshima was in 1970s.
Route Deliberate: Escape from zoo exhibition.
Impact Actually: Damage on vegetation by over grazing. In Chiba Pref., this species grazes Damnacanthus indicus, which native deer avoid to eat. Damages on agriculture of rice, tomato, persimmon, watermelon, flowers, bamboo sprout, kiwi, ashitaba, etc.
Regulation in Japan Import, transport and keeping are prohibited in Japan by the Invasive Alien Species Act.
Introduced range in other countries This species is established in UK. This species was introduced also in France, but do not occur currently.
Reference Notes
  • Abe (ed) (1994) A Guide to Mammals of Japan. Tokai Univ. Press, Hatano (in Jpn)
  • Asada (2009) Distribution and population estimation for Reev's muntjac in 2008 in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Rep Chiba Biodiv Center. 1, 21-26 (in Jpn)
  • DECO (ed) (2006) Dictionary of Alien Species. Tokyo-Shoseki, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Ecol Soc Jpn (ed) (2002) Handbook of Alien Species in Japan. Chijinshokan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • JWRC (ed) (2008) A Photographic Guide to the Invasive Alien Species in Japan. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Ohdachi et al. (eds) (2009) The Wild Mammals of Japan. Shokado, Kyoto.