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  3. Canis lupus familiaris

Canis lupus familiaris

Basic information
Scientific name Canis lupus familiaris

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Common names Feral dog, Domestic dog
Higher taxon Canidae, Carnivora, Mammalia
Natural range A domestic animal. This species was originally domesticated ca. 15000 years ago, and the ancetral species is the wolf Canis lupus, originally distributed in entire Eurasia and North America. According to DNA analyses, the dog is most close to the Chinese subspecies C. l. chanco, although other Eurasian subspecies might also be a part of the ancestor of the dog.
Habitat Forest, urban area.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Almost entire Japan Range in Japan
Origin
Date Old (1400).
Route Deliberate introduction (as pet).
Impact Predation on native mammals, such as sika deer and native rabbits. Carrying zoonosis such as canine madness.
Native organism(s) affected: Native mammals, etc.
Regulation in Japan
Introduced range in other countries Worldwide. The wild dogs in Australia and New Guinea (dingo and New Guinea singing dog) is considered to originate from domestic dogs naturalized several hundreds years ago.
Reference Notes
  • Abe (ed) (1994) A Guide to Mammals of Japan. Tokai Univ. Press, Hatano (in Jpn)
  • Kawamichi (ed) (1996) The Encyclopedia of Animals in Japan 1 Mammals I. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Long (2003) Introduced Mammals of the World: Their History, Distribution, and Influence. CABI Publishing.
  • etc.