Collaborative Research Group on Environmental Economics and Evaluation

Background

Collaboration Between Social Science Fields and Biological/Ecosystem Fields

At the National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), the Social Systems Division and the Biodiversity Division have organized interdisciplinary seminars since 2011, with presentations from invited outside lecturers. We have been stimulating cross-disciplinary research activities and exploring the possibilities for solving conservation and management issues related to biodiversity and ecosystems.

Launch of the Collaborative Research Group on Environmental Economics and Evaluation

In August 2014, we launched the Collaborative Research Group on Environmental Economics and Evaluation (Group Leader: Professor Akira Hibiki of Tohoku University) to further promote research using a cross-disciplinary approach, based on the discussions conducted at previous seminars. The Group works on the analysis of environmental policies taking an integrated approach not only in the fields of social science and biology, but also in economics and other social and natural sciences. Information on past and future seminars will be announced on this page.

Core Members

HIBIKI Akira(Tohoku University)
KAMEYAMA Yasuko(Social Systems Division)
YAMANO Hiroya(Biodiversity Division)
OBA Makoto(Center for Climate Change Adaptation)
OKAGAWA Azusa(Social Systems Division)
YOKOO Hide-Fumi(Hitotsubashi University)
KUBO Takahiro(Biodiversity Division)
YAMAGUCHI Rintaro(Social Systems Division)
ASAYAMA Shinichiro(Social Systems Division)

Past NIES-CRGEEE seminar series

22nd NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: February 24, 2021 (Wednesday) 15: 30-17: 00
Venue: Zoom
Presenter: Koichi Ushijima (University of Tsukuba)
Title: Benefits of Heavy-Duty Diesel Emission Regulations: Evidence from the World's Largest Low Emission Zone

21st NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: Thursday, July 30, 2020 16: 00-17: 30
Venue: Zoom
Language: English
Presenter:Payal Shah(Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University)
Title: Application of portfolio theory to conservation planning with climate change uncertainty

20th NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: December 11, 2019 (Wednesday) 10: 00-12: 00
Venue: NIES (Exchange Conference Room, Global Warming Research Building)
Language: Japanese
Presenter: Koichiro Shiba (Ph.D. in Population Health Sciences, Harvard University)
Title: How to estimate the "effect of something" from observation data: A 3-step introduction to statistical causal reasoning

19th NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: Tuesday, July 9, 2019 15: 00-17: 00
Venue: NIES (Exchange Conference Room, Global Warming Research Building)
Language: Japanese
Co-sponsored:
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) Scientific Research C 16K03690 "Empirical Study on Japanese Agricultural Policy-Inefficiency of Agricultural Sector and Impact on Economic Welfare” (PI: Azusa Okagawa)
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) 19H03095 "Conservation of farmland ecosystems using marketing theory: Resolving trade-off between conservation and food production” (PI: Takahiro Kubo)

Presenter 1:Kiyokazu Ujiie (University of Tsukuba)
Title: Environmental protection agriculture and consumer evaluation
Abstract: This report introduces some findings on consumer evaluation of environmentally friendly agricultural products. First, we analyze scanner panel data for organic and specially cultivated agricultural products, and examine the characteristics of consumer evaluation and purchase motivation. Next, we will conduct a comparative analysis of Japan and Thailand using a virtual selection experiment on consumer evaluation of rice attributes, and point out that there is a potential purchasing power market in Southeast Asia as well.

Presenter 2:Katsuya Tanaka(Shiga University)
Title: Results of Agricultural Environmental Payment Possibility of Payment: Analysis by Selective Experiments and Economic Experiments
Abstract: Generally, agricultural environmental payment (direct environmental payment) is an act payment system, and the practice of the prescribed conservation type farming method is a payment requirement, but there is room for doubt about the effectiveness of environmental conservation. As a result, some EU member states are increasingly applying result payments (PbR) to farmers' environmental payments, but quantitative analysis and verification of policies is an issue for the future. In this report, based on the results of selective experiments and economic experiments on virtual result payment, we report the analysis results on the amount of willingness to accept farmers and the efficiency of the system.

18th NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: Monday, August 6, 2018 15: 30-17: 00
Venue: NIES (3rd floor meeting room, Circulation and Waste Research Building)
Language: Japanese (Slides, Q & A: English)
Presenter:Shinsuke Tanaka(Tufts University)
Title: Driving the Gap: Tax Incentives and Incentives for Manipulating the Fuel Efficiency in the Automobile Industry
Abstract: This study examines and identifies the underlying incentives for falsifying fuel efficiency on the part of the automobile industry. Using novel microdata on on-road fuel consumption in Japan, we find a discontinuous increase in the fuel efficiency gap—the disparity between official test results and real-world fuel efficiency—of 6 percent at the tax-incentive eligibility thresholds. Further evidence shows that the extents of manipulation respond directly to marginal tax incentives. Our findings suggest that large incentive schemes, especially those with nonlinear payoff schedules, may induce incentives on the part of automakers to “cook the books” on fuel efficiency figures.

17th NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: August 1, 2018 (Wednesday) 15: 30-18: 00
* There will be a social gathering around Tsukuba Station from around 18:30
Venue: NIES (2nd Conference Room, Research Main Building I 3rd floor)
Language: Japanese (Slides, Q & A: English)

Presenter 1:Yasuhiro Nakamoto(Kansai University)
Title: Pollution Externalities and Corrective Taxes in a Dynamic Small Open Economy
Abstract: This study examines the effects of environmental tax policies in a dynamic model of a polluted small open economy in which there are two sources of pollution, consumption and production, controlled by consumption and income taxes, and accumulated pollution affects a negative effect on household's utility. In a decentralized dynamic competitive equilibrium under exogenous tax rates, we show that particularly a permanent increase in each of the consumption and income taxes unambiguously reduce the steady-state stock of pollution, a temporary increase in these taxes may lead to more pollution in We also derive the social optimal solution and examine the optimal tax paths to achieve the social optimum. If distaste and leisure effects are sufficiently strong, tax rates. decrease along the optimal path as pollution increases over time, and if these effects are not so stron g, the opposite occurs.

Presenter 2:Masako Ikefuji(University of Tsukuba)
Title: Environmental policy in a stagnant economy (with Yoshiyasu Ono, ISER Osaka University)
Abstract: Using a dynamic optimization model of a monetary economy in which persistent unemployment occurs, we examine the effects of environmental policies on aggregate consumption and pollution emission in a stagnant economy with persistent deflation. If full employment is achieved, environmental policies, such as imposing If unemployment prevails, however, those environmental policies stimulate private consumption by expanding total employment and mitigating deflation. Their effects on welfare are also examined.

16th NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: Tuesday, July 24, 2018 15: 30-17: 00
Venue: NIES (1st Conference Room, Research Main Building I 1st floor)
Language: Japanese
Presenter: Takahiko Kiso (University of Aberdeen)
Title: A Subsidy Inversely Related to the Product Price
Abstract: This paper proposes a new subsidy scheme for promoting a target good's consumption, where subsidy payment is inversely related to the good's price. Under imperfect competition, this scheme makes the demand faced by producers more elastic, thereby reducing their power to raise prices and Increasing subsidy pass-through to consumers. Compared to commonly-used specific or ad valorem subsidies, it can lower government expenditure for inducing a given output, and flexibly adjust the incidence on producers. Simulations based on an actual U.S. subsidy programme on electric vehicles indicate up to 50-81% reductions in government spending if it replaces the current specific subsidy.

15th NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: May 9, 2018 (Wednesday) 15: 30-17: 00
Venue: NIES (3rd floor meeting room, Circulation and Waste Research Building)
Language: English
Presenter:Akio Yamazaki(University of Calgary)
Title: The Competitiveness Impacts of Carbon Tax: Evidence from British Columbia
Summary: In the recent years, many jurisdictions have been considering a carbon pricing policy as their future climate action plan. To better inform policymakers and the public about the potential costs and benefits of such policies, I investigate the impacts of British Columbia's carbon tax. I use detailed confidential micro-level data to estimate its impacts on the competitiveness of plants and firms in BC. The findings from my research suggest that the carbon tax induces job shifts across industries while the net aggregate employment effect is rather small. However, it These findings can be useful for designing the future carbon tax policy does impose costs in the manufacturing sector in the short-run, leading to declines in output, employment, and productivity. Yet, such negative shocks can be eased by recycling the tax revenue. in other jurisdiction.

14th NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: April 13, 2018 (Friday) 15: 30-17: 00
Venue: NIES (3rd floor meeting room, Circulation and Waste Research Building)
Language: Japanese
Presenter: Kengo Igei (Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Research Institute)
Title: Impact assessment in collaboration with practitioners: Introduction of randomized controlled trials on the impact of disability equality training in South Africa

Co-sponsored by:

Grant-in-Aid for Challenging Research (Exploratory) 17K18547 "Establishing RCT Methodology in the Environment and Energy Policy Research" (PI: Hisako Nomura; Co-Investigators: Hide-Fumi Yokoo, Takahiro Kubo, Aya Suzuki; Research Collaborators: Yohei Kobayashi, Ken Haig)

Abstract: With the recent advocacy of Evidence-Based Policy Making, the distance between researchers and practitioners has narrowed, and opportunities to jointly evaluate the impact of policy intervention have increased. However, the interests of researchers and practitioners often do not match, and it can be said that it is important to consider and adjust the intentions of both parties in order to carry out a fruitful impact evaluation. In this seminar, the Presenter:: will introduce the details of the research process such as the design of the evaluation design along with the analysis results, based on the case of the impact evaluation of the disability equality training in South Africa being carried out with JICA project experts.

13th NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: March 9, 2018 (Friday) 14: 00-16: 00
Venue: NIES (3rd floor meeting room, Circulation and Waste Research Building)
Language: English
Presenter: Prof. Jan R. Magnus (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Department of Econometrics and Operations Research)
Title: Expected Utility and Catastrophic Risk in a Stochastic Economy-Climate Model (joint with Masako Ikefuji, Roger J. A. Laeven, and Chris Muris)

12th NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: Friday, October 6, 2017 15: 30-17: 00
Venue: NIES (2nd Conference Room, Research Main Building I 3rd floor)
Language: English
Performer: Douglas MacMillan (University of Kent)
Title: The economics of conservation and sustainable land use

11th NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: October 4, 2017 (Wednesday) 9: 45-11: 15
Venue: NIES (Exchange Conference Room, Global Warming Research Building)
Language: English

Presenter 1: Prof. Ferdinando Villa (BC3, Spain)
Title: "Characterizing beneficiaries in integrated ecosystem services assessments: an artificial intelligence approach (TDB)"

Presenter 2: Ronald C. Estoque (NIES, Center for Social and Environmental Systems Research)
Title: "Future changes in Southeast Asia's forest cover and its ecosystem service value under the shared socioeconomic pathways: Initial results for the Philippines (TDB)"

10th NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: Friday, July 21, 2017 15: 00-17: 00
Venue: NIES (3rd floor meeting room, Circulation and Waste Research Building)

Presenter 1: Rintaro Yamaguchi (Kyushu University)
Title: Corruption, institutions and sustainable development: Theory and evidence from inclusive wealth

Presenter 2: Ryo Takahashi (Gakushuin University)
Title: When do consumers stand up for the environment? Evidence from a large-scale social experiment to promote environmentally friendly coffee

9th NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: May 11, 2017 (Thursday) 15: 30-17: 00
Venue: NIES (2nd Conference Room, Research Main Building I 3rd floor)
Presenter: Koun Sugimoto (Assistant Professor, Tokyo Metropolitan University)
Title: Trends in tourism behavior research applying geospatial information

8th NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: April 14, 2017 (Friday) 15: 30-17: 00
Venue: NIES (3rd floor meeting room, Circulation and Waste Research Building)
Presenter: Kensuke Teshima (Mexico Autonomous Institute of Technology)
Title: Offshoring Health Risks: The Impact of the U.S. Lead Regulation on Infant Health in Mexico
Co-sponsored by: Resource Recycling Research Program PJ2 "Resource Conservation and Environmental Impact Assessment of Flow Stock of Recycling Resources and Accompanying Substances"

7th NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: February 7, 2017 (Tuesday) 15: 30-17: 00
Venue: NIES (2nd Conference Room)
Presenter: Keitaro Aoyagi (Global Group 21 Japan Co., Ltd.)
Title: Tips for Practitioner Collaboration in Field Experiments: From Experience of RCT Practice at JICA
Commentator: Hisako Nomura (Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyushu University)

6th NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: May 27, 2016 (Friday) 15: 00-17: 00
Venue: National Institute for Environmental Studies 2nd Conference Room
Presenter: Yoshito Takasaki (Professor, Graduate School of Economics, The University of Tokyo)
Program:
15: 00-16: 00 Peruvian Amazon Rural Livelihoods and Poverty (PARLAP)
16: 00-17: 00 Research paper presentation / Q & A
Title: Environmental and market determinants of economic orientation among rain forest communities: Evidence from a large-scale survey in western Amazonia
Authors: Oliver T. Coomes, Yoshito Takasaki, Christian Abizaid and J. Pablo Arroyo-Mora

5th Historical Demography Seminar

Date: December 7, 2015 (Monday) 15: 00-16: 30
Venue: NIES (2nd Conference Room)
Presenter: Hiroshi Kito (President of the University of Shizuoka)
Title: Long-term changes in the local population in the Japanese archipelago: Thinking from the relationship with resources, environment, and civilization systems

●Workshop
Date: Friday, March 13, 2015 14: 00-17: 50, Saturday, March 14, 2015 9: 30-12: 20
Venue: NIES (2nd and 1st meeting rooms)
Program:
【Day 1】
Critical capital stock and optimal steady states in a continuous time aggregate growth model with convex-concave production function (Ken-Ichi Akao, Waseda University)

Consumption salience, learning and information acquisition: Evidence from a field experiment (Isamu Matsukawa, Musashi University)

Job Change and Self-Control of Waste Pickers: Evidence from a Field Experiment in the Philippines (Hide-Fumi Yokoo, Resource Recycling and Waste Research Center, NIES)

Field experiment with Filipino fishermen (Kenta Tanaka, Musashi University)

【Day 2】
Effect of renewable energy promotion system considering strategic behavior of transmission companies (Yukihide Kurokawa, Waseda University)

Environmental Policy Decisions Incentives and the Possibility of Environmental Improvements in China (Eiji Sawada, Waseda University)

About the impact of climate change on China's mortality rate: Empirical research (Akira Hibiki, Sophia University and NIES)

4th NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: Friday, March 6, 2015 9: 30-11: 00
Venue: NIES (2nd Conference Room)
Presenter: Takahiro Kubo (Kyoto University Graduate School Doctoral Program)
Title: Thinking about the National Park Brand-Trade-off between Conservation and Recreation-

3rd NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: January 23, 2015 (Friday) 15: 30-18: 00
Venue: NIES (2nd Conference Room)

Economic study of cost-effective measures against red soil runoff (Tetsuya Horie, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Nagasaki University)

Borneo Indigenous Forest Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Toward Biodiversity Conservation Considering the Needs of Local Communities (Yayoi Takeuchi, Biological and Ecosystem Environmental Research Center, NIES)

2nd NIES-CRGEEE Seminar

Date: December 5, 2014 (Friday) 15: 30-17: 30
Venue: NIES (2nd Conference Room)

Ecology of abandoned villages: Future biodiversity conservation measures based on the history of land use and abandonment (Keita Fukasawa, Biological and Ecosystem Environmental Research Center, NIES)

Evaluating the connection between society and ecosystem: Attempt to evaluate geographical and quantitative ecosystem services (Makoto Oba, Social and Environmental Systems Research Center, NIES)

Examination of methods for promoting job changes for dump sites and waste pickers: Field experiments at a waste disposal site in Iloilo City, Philippines (Hide-Fumi Yokoo, Resource Recycling and Waste Research Center, NIES)

1st kick-off seminar

Date: Friday, November 7, 2014 15: 30-17: 30
Venue: NIES (2nd Conference Room)

Presentation 1: Introduction of research results so far, overall picture of environmental economics, and future group management (Akira Hibiki, Collaboration Research Group Leader, NIES)

Title 2: Significance of Environmental Economics Evaluation Research in Ecosystem Research (Hiroya Yamano, Director, Environmental Research Center for Biological and Ecosystems, NIES)

Presentation 3: Research themes that should be tackled by the Environmental Economic Evaluation Collaboration Group (Yasuko Kameyama, Vice Director, Social and Environmental Systems Research Center, NIES)

General discussion

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