National Institute for Environmental Studies Invasive Species of Japan Japanese | English
  1. Invasive Species of Japan >
  2. Vascular plants >
  3. Anthoxanthum odoratum

Anthoxanthum odoratum

Basic information
Scientific name Anthoxanthum odoratum

Click to magnify

ハルガヤ
Common names Sweet vernalgrass
Higher taxon Poaceae, Poales, Liliopsida, Magnoliophyta
Natural range Europe.
Habitat Some kind of farm area, grassland, urban area, vacancy.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Almost entire Japan Range in Japan
Origin
Date Introduced to Hokkaido in middle to late 19C. Established in Tokyo around 1890.
Route Deliberate: as pasture and greening.
Impact Competition with native species. Allergen for hay fever.
Affected organism: Native plants.
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries Africa, Asia, Oceania, North and Latin America
Reference Notes
  • Osada (1976) Colored Illustrations of Naturalized Plants of Japan. Hoikusha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Shimizu (ed) (2003) Naturalized Plants of Japan. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • etc.