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  3. Veronica persica

Veronica persica

Basic information
Scientific name Veronica persica

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オオイヌノフグリ
Common names Commonfield speedwell, Creeping speedweed, Iran Speedwell
Higher taxon Scrophulariaceae, Scrophulariales, Magnoliopsida, Magnoliophyta
Natural range Europe.
Habitat Farm area, fruit garden, pasture, roadside, vacancy, etc.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Almost entire Japan Range in Japan
Origin Unknown.
Date The first record in 1887 at Tokyo. Spread by late 1910s.
Route Accidental: Details unknown.
Impact Competition with native species, crop, lawn grass, etc. Parasite (insects, viruses).
Affected organism: Veronica polita (an old alien species), native grasses, crops, lawn grass, etc.
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries Asia, North and South America, Oceania, Africa
Reference Notes
  • Jpn Assoc Advanc Phyto-Regul & Inst Contr Agrochem, Minist Agr, China (2000) Chinese Colored Weed Illustrated Book. Zenkoku-Noson-Kyoiku-Kyokai, Tokyo
  • Osada (1976) Colored Illustrations of Naturalized Plants of Japan. Hoikusha, Osaka (in Jpn)
  • Satake et al. (1981) Wild Flowers of Japan, Herbaceous Plants [III]. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Shimizu (ed) (2003) Naturalized Plants of Japan. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • etc.