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  3. Verbascum thapsus

Verbascum thapsus

Basic information
Scientific name Verbascum thapsus

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Common names Common mullein, Great mullein, aaron's-rod, Flannel mullein
Higher taxon Scrophulariaceae, Scrophulariales, Magnoliopsida, Magnoliophyta
Natural range Europe.
Habitat Farm area, pasture, roadside, vacancy, etc.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Almost entire Japan. Especially abundant in Tohoku and Hokkaido District. Range in Japan
Origin Unknown.
Date ca. 1870
Route Deliberate: As ornamental plant, and for medicine.
Impact Competition with native species, crops, pasture, etc. Parasite (insects, fungi)
Affected organism: Native plants, crops, etc.
Regulation in Japan Import of Verbascum plnats from countries and areas with the potato beetle Leptinotarsa decemlineata are prohibited by the Plant Protection Law.
Introduced range in other countries North and South Amrica, Australia, Asia
Reference Notes
  • Jpn Assoc Advanc Phyto-Regul & Inst Contr Agrochem, Minist Agr, China (2000) Chinese Colored Weed Illustrated Book. Zenkoku-Noson-Kyoiku-Kyokai, Tokyo
  • Osada (1976) Colored Illustrations of Naturalized Plants of Japan. Hoikusha, Osaka (in Jpn)
  • Satake et al. (1981) Wild Flowers of Japan, Herbaceous Plants [III]. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Shimizu (ed) (2003) Naturalized Plants of Japan. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • etc.