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  3. Phytolacca americana

Phytolacca americana

Basic information
Scientific name Phytolacca americana

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Common names Common pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red ink plant, Virginian poke
Higher taxon Phytolaccaceae, Caryophyllales, Magnoliopsida, Magnoliophyta
Natural range North America.
Habitat Roadside, vacancy, grassland, edge of forest, etc.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Most of entire Japan Range in Japan
Origin Unknown.
Date ca. 1870
Route Deliberate: As medicine
Impact Competition with native species.
Native organism(s) affected: Native Plants
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries S America, Australia, Asia.
Reference Notes
  • Jpn Assoc Advanc Phyto-Regul & Inst Contr Agrochem, Minist Agr, China (2000) Chinese Colored Weed Illustrated Book. Zenkoku-Noson-Kyoiku-Kyokai, Tokyo.
  • Osada (1976) Colored Illustrations of Naturalized Plants of Japan. Hoikusha, Osaka (in Jpn)
  • Satake et al. (1982) Wild Flowers of Japan, Herbaceous Plants [II]. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • etc.