National Institute for Environmental Studies Invasive Species of Japan Japanese | English
  1. Invasive Species of Japan >
  2. Vascular plants >
  3. Mirabilis jalapa

Mirabilis jalapa

Basic information
Scientific name Mirabilis jalapa

Click to magnify

Common names Common four-o'clock, Prairie four-o'clock, Marvel of peru
Higher taxon Nyctaginaceae, Caryophyllales, Magnoliopsida, Magnoliophyta
Natural range North America.
Habitat Farm area, roadside, riverside, beach, etc.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Most of entire Japan Range in Japan
Origin Unknown.
Date Cultured at least since 17 C.
Route Deliberate: For ornamental plant and as medicine.
Impact Potentially: Competition with other plants. Fungal parasite.
Affected organism: Native plants, crops, etc.
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries S America, Africa, Europe, Asia, Oceania
Reference Notes
  • Osada (1976) Colored Illustrations of Naturalized Plants of Japan. Hoikusha, Osaka (in Jpn)
  • Satake et al. (1982) Wild Flowers of Japan, Herbaceous Plants [II]. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • etc.