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  3. Euglandina rosea

Euglandina rosea

Basic information
Scientific name Euglandina rosea

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Common names Cannibal snail, Rosy wolf snail
Higher taxon Spiraxidae, Stylommatophora, Gastropoda, Mollusca
Natural range North America, Central America, South America.
Habitat Forests and grassland in warm area.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Chichijima Island, Ogasawara Range in Japan
Origin Hawaii
Date 1960s
Route Deliberate: as biocontrol agent for eradication of African land snail Achatina fulica.
Impact Actually: Predation on native land snails.
Affected organism: Land snails
Regulation in Japan Import, transport and keeping are prohibited in Japan by the Invasive Alien Species Act.
Introduced range in other countries Taiwan, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, USA, many Pacific Islands (Hawaii, USA Samoa, French Polynesia, Guam, Kiribati, New Caledonia, Norther Mariana, Palau, Wallis and Futuna), Papua New Guinea, Bahama, Bermuda, Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Reunion, Seychelles, etc.
Reference Notes
  • DECO (ed) (2006) Dictionary of Alien Species. Tokyo-Shoseki, Tokyo. (in Jpn)
  • Ecol Soc Japan (ed) (2002) Handbook of Alien Species in Japan. Chijin-Shokan. (in Jpn)
  • JWRC (ed) (2008) A Photographic Guide to the Invasive Alien Species in Japan. Heibonsha. (in Jpn)
  • Ohbayashi, T, Okochi, I, Sato, H & Ono, T (2005) Food habit of Platydemus manokwari De Beauchamp, 1962 (Trichladida: Terricola: Rhynchodemidae), known as a predatory flatworm of land snails in thet Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands, Japan. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 40(4):609-614.
100 of the World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species, 100 of the Japan’s Worst Invasive Alien Species

This species can eat smaller land snails only, and was not effective for eradication of African land snail.