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  3. Bufo paracnemis

Bufo paracnemis

Basic information
Scientific name Bufo paracnemis (No picture)
Common names Rococo Toad, Cururu Toad
Higher taxon Bufonidae, Anura, Amphibia
Natural range 南米
Habitat Floor of open forest, etc.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Not established in Japan Range in Japan
Route Deliberate: Imported as pet animals
Impact Potentially: Predation on native invertebrates. Competition with native bufonid toads.
Native organism(s) affected: Native invertebrates, native bufonid toads.
Regulation in Japan
Introduced range in other countries
Reference Notes
  • AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2010. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. (Accessed: Sep 22, 2010).
  • DECO (ed) (2006) Dictionary of Alien Species. Tokyo-Shoseki. (in Jpn)
  • Frost (2009) Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.3. . AMNH, New York, USA.
  • JWRC (ed) (2008) A Photographic Guide to the Invasive Alien Species in Japan. Heibonsha. (in Jpn)
  • etc.