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  3. Rana rugosa

Rana rugosa

Basic information
Scientific name Rana rugosa

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ツチガエル
Common names wrinkled frog
Higher taxon Ranidae, Anura, Amphibia
Natural range Northeastern continental China, Korean Peninsula, coastal area of far eastern Russia, Japan. In Japan, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and peripheral islands (Sadogashima, Oki, Iki, Goto Islands, Yakushima, Tanegashima, etc.)
Habitat Rice field, artifical pond, lowland and montane stream, swamp, etc.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Izu Islnads (Izuoshima, Niijima, Miyakejima), Hokkaido (several areas in southern and western part). There is a record in Kuchinoshima Is. (Tokara Islands) where establishment status is unknown. Range in Japan
Origin Unknown. Possibly several areas in Japan.
Date The first record in Hokkaido was in 1985.
Route Accidental: Tadpole of this species may have hitchhiked on Carp seedling for aquaculture (Hokkaido population).
Impact Unknown
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries Hawaii (from Japan)
Reference Notes
  • Frost et al. (1998-2010) Amphibian Species of the World (Accessed on 2012-6-25) http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/.
  • Hasegawa (1999) Impacts of the introduced weasel on the insular food webs. pp.129-154. Ota (編) Tropical Island Herpetofauna: Origin, Current Diversity, and Conservation. Elsevier Science B. V., Amsterdam.
  • Maeda & Matsui (1999) Frogs and Toads of Japan. Bun-ichi Sogo Shuppan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Maenosono & Toda (2007) Distribution of amphibians and terrestrial reptiles in the Ryukyu Archipelago: A review of published records. Akamata. 18, 28-46 (in Jpn)
  • Matsuo (2004) Amphibians and Reptiles of Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. Nagasaki Shinbunsha (in Jpn)
  • Sengoku et al. (eds) (1996) The Encyclopedia of Animals in Japan 5 Amphibians, Reptiles, Chondrichthyes. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Tokuda (2011) Compact Picture Guide to Hokkaido Reptiles & Amphibians. Hokkaidoshinbunsha, Sapporo (in Jpn)