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  3. Protobothrops mucrosquamatus

Protobothrops mucrosquamatus

Basic information
Scientific name Protobothrops mucrosquamatus

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Common names Taiwan habu
Higher taxon Viperidae, Ophidia (Serpentia), Squamata, Reptilia
Natural range Southern continental China, Hainan Is. and Taiwan.
Habitat Forest to urban area in low land to 1500m alt.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Okinawajima Is. (Nago City and Onna Village) Range in Japan
Origin East Asia.
Date This species wad imported since 1970s. The first record in the field was in 1993 at Nago, and in 2005 at Onna.
Route Deliberate: Imported for exhibition in zoo and for medicine.
Impact Predation, competition, hybridization. Biting on human
Affected organism: Predation, competition, hybridization, and biting on human.
Regulation in Japan Import, transport and keeping are prohibited in Japan by the Invasive Alien Species Act.
Introduced range in other countries
Reference Notes
  • Ecol Soc Jpn (ed) (2002) Handbook of Alien Species in Japan. Chijinshokan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Katsuren et al. (1996) Number of snakes arriving alive in mass into Okinawa by Traders. Rep Okinawa Pref Inst Health Environ. 30, 133-136 (in Jpn)
  • Maenosono & Toda (2007) Distribution of amphibians and terrestrial reptiles in the Ryukyu Archipelago: A review of published records. Akamata. 18, 28-46 (in Jpn)
  • Ota et al. (2004) Feral populations of amphibians and reptiles in the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Global Environ Res. 8(2), 133-143.
  • Takada & Otani (2011) Key to the Illustrated manual of Japanese Reptiles and Amphibians in natural Color. Hokuryukan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Terada (2011) The distribution, population density and controls of Protobothrops mucrosquamatus, Protobothrops elegans, Elaphe taeniura friesei, 3 snake species established on Okinawa Island. Bull Herpetol Soc Jpn. 2011(2), 161-167 (in Jpn)
  • etc.