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  3. Sturnus contra

Sturnus contra

Basic information
Scientific name Sturnus contra

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Common names Pied starling, Asian pied starling
Higher taxon Sturnidae, Passeriformes, Aves
Natural range Pakistan, N India, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, SW continental China.
Habitat Farm area, urban area.
Invasion information
Range in Japan There is a record of breeding in Tokyo Range in Japan
Date Observed in 1961 to 1981.
Route Deliberate: Escape or release of pet animal.
Impact Unknown impact.
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries UAE, Saudi Arabia
Reference Notes
  • Eguchi & Amano (2004) Spread of exotic birds in Japan. Ornithol Sci. 3, 3-12.
  • Eguchi & Fujimaki (eds) (2000) Check-List of Japanese Birds Sixth Revised Edition. The Ornithological Society of Japan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Feare et al. (1998) Starlings & Mynas. Christopher Helm, London.
  • Kawakami & Kanouchi (2012) The Handbook of Introduced Birds in Japan. Bun-ichi Sogo Shuppan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Lepage (ed) (2003-2012) Avibase the world bird database (Accessed on 2012-6-15)
  • etc.