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Lonchura atricapilla

Basic information
Scientific name Lonchura atricapilla

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キンパラ
Common names Chestnut mannikin
Higher taxon Estrildidae, Passeriformes, Aves
Natural range S India, Sri Lanka, S continental China, and SE Asia.
Habitat Farm area, grassland, reed bed, shrub, etc.
Invasion information
Range in Japan There have been records of breeding in Tokyo, Osaka Prefs., and Okinawajima Is., and occurrence in Wakayama, Aichi, Kanagawa, Saitama, and Tochigi Prefs. In Tokyo, this species seems to fail to be established, given disappearance in 1990s despite occurrence in 1970s. Range in Japan
Origin
Date A flock was found in 1910 at Tokyo. Recorded since 1988 at Okinawajima Is.
Route Deliberate: Escape or release of pet animal.
Impact Potentially: Damage on agriculture in native an foreign non-native ranges.
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries Hawaii, Guam, Palau, Micronesia, Vanuatu, etc.
Reference Notes
  • Clement et al. (1993) Finch & Sparrow. Christpher Helm, London.
  • Eguchi & Fujimaki (eds) (2000) Check-List of Japanese Birds Sixth Revised Edition. The Ornithological Society of Japan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Eguchi & Amano (2004) Spread of exotic birds in Japan. Ornithol Sci. 3, 3-12.
  • Eguchi & Amano (2004) Invasive birds in Japan. Global Environ Res. 8(1), 29-39.
  • Kawakami & Kanouchi (2012) The Handbook of Introduced Birds in Japan. Bun-ichi Sogo Shuppan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Lepage (ed) (2003-2012) Avibase the world bird database (Accessed on 2012-6-12) http://avibase.bsc-eoc.org/
  • Long (1981) Introduced Birds of the World. David & Charles, Newton.
  • etc.
Because this species was formerly a subspecies of L. malacca, some records of the latter species were those of L. atricapilla.