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Lonchura malacca

Basic information
Scientific name Lonchura malacca

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Common names Tricolored mannikin, Three-coloured mannikin
Higher taxon Estrildidae, Passeriformes, Aves
Natural range India, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia
Habitat Farm area, grassland, reed bed, shrub.
Invasion information
Range in Japan There are records of breeding in Tokyo and Hyogo, and occurrences in Osaka, Kyoto, Wakayama, Miyagi, Tochigi, Chiba, Kanagawa, Shizuoka, Niigata, Miyazaki, and Okinawa Prefs. Range in Japan
Date Found in 1968 at Kanagawa Pref.
Route Deliberate: Escape or release of pet animal.
Impact Potentially: Damage on agriculture in native range and foreign non-native ranges.
Affected organism: Crops
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries None.
Reference Notes
  • Clement et al. (1993) Finch & Sparrow. Christpher Helm, London.
  • Eguchi & Amano (2004) Spread of exotic birds in Japan. Ornithol Sci. 3, 3-12.
  • Eguchi & Fujimaki (eds) (2000) Check-List of Japanese Birds Sixth Revised Edition. The Ornithological Society of Japan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Kawakami & Kanouchi (2012) The Handbook of Introduced Birds in Japan. Bun-ichi Sogo Shuppan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Lepage (ed) (2003-2012) Avibase the world bird database (Accessed on 2012-6-12)
  • Long (1981) Introduced Birds of the World. David & Charles, Newton.
  • etc.
Because Lonchura atricapilla was regarded as a subspecies of L. malacca, some of the records for L. malacca may be those of L. atricapilla.