National Institute for Environmental Studies Invasive Species of Japan Japanese | English
  1. Invasive Species of Japan >
  2. Aves >
  3. Estrilda melpoda

Estrilda melpoda

Basic information
Scientific name Estrilda melpoda

Click to magnify

Common names Orange-cheeked waxbill
Higher taxon Estrildidae, Passeriformes, Aves
Natural range W to C Africa
Habitat Shrub, grass land, riverside, etc.
Invasion information
Range in Japan There is a record of breeding in Tokyo, and occurrence in Saitama Pref. Range in Japan
Date Found in 1961 to 1981, in eastern Japan.
Route Deliberate: Escape or release of pet animal.
Impact Unknown impact.
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries Spain, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Lesser Antilles, etc.
Reference Notes
  • Clement et al. (1993) Finch & Sparrow. Christpher Helm, London.
  • Eguchi & Amano (2004) Spread of exotic birds in Japan. Ornithol Sci. 3, 3-12.
  • Eguchi & Fujimaki (eds) (2000) Check-List of Japanese Birds Sixth Revised Edition. The Ornithological Society of Japan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Kawakami & Kanouchi (2012) The Handbook of Introduced Birds in Japan. Bun-ichi Sogo Shuppan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Lepage (ed) (2003-2012) Avibase the world bird database (Accessed on 2012-6-12)
  • Long (1981) Introduced Birds of the World. David & Charles, Newton.
  • etc.