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Pycnonotus sinensis

Basic information
Scientific name Pycnonotus sinensis

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Common names Light-vented bulbul
Higher taxon Pycnonotidae, Passeriformes, Aves
Natural range Continental China, Hainan Is., Taiwan, N Vietnam, and Yaeyama Islands. Three subspecies are recognized: P. s. sinensis (breeding in continent and Yaeyama); P. s. formosae (W Taiwan); P. s. hainanus (peripheral region of continent and Hainan Is.)
Habitat Edge of forests, grass land, farm area, etc.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Okinawajima Is. and several peripheral islands. Okinawajima population is regarded P. s. formosae. Range in Japan
Origin Taiwan
Date The first record in Okinawajima Is. was in Jan 1976. Also recorded in several peripheral islands such as Tokashikijima, Agunijima, Kumejima, etc., in 1990s.
Route Deliberate: Escape or release of pet.
Impact Actually: Competition with native birds. Damage on agriculture.
Affected organism: Native birds such as Brown-eared Bulbul Microscelis amaurotis (competition). Crops (beans, tomato, cabbagy, lettuce, papaya, loquat, orange, pyracanth, etc.)
Regulation in Japan
Introduced range in other countries None.
Reference Notes
  • Eguchi & Amano (2000) Problems of introductions and naturalizations in birds. Jpn J Conserv Ecol. 5, 131-148 (in Jpn)
  • Eguchi & Amano (2004) Spread of exotic birds in Japan. Ornithol Sci. 3, 3-12.
  • Eguchi & Fujimaki (eds) (2000) Check-List of Japanese Birds Sixth Revised Edition. The Ornithological Society of Japan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Higuchi et al. (eds) (1997) The Encyclopedia of Animals in Japan 4 Birds II. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Kawakami & Kanouchi (2012) The Handbook of Introduced Birds in Japan. Bun-ichi Sogo Shuppan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Kinjo (1998) The biology of the Chinese bulbul, Pycnonotus sinensis, and the methods to prevent the damage to crops in Okinawa Island. Plant Protection. 52, 397-402 (in Jpn)
  • Kinjo et al. (1987) Invasion of the Chinese bulbul, Pycnonotus sinensis, to Okinawa Island and the status of damage on vegetables by it. Plant Protection. 41, 428-432 (in Jpn)
  • Lepage (ed) (2003-2012) Avibase the world bird database (Accessed on 2012-6-07)
  • Yamasaki (2006) Taxonomic status of populations of light-vented bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis (Gumelin, 1789) (Passeriformes: Pycnonotidae) in Taiwan and southern Ryukyus. Zoological Studies. 45(2), 168-179.
  • etc.
100 of the Japan’s Worst Invasive Alien Species