National Institute for Environmental Studies Invasive Species of Japan Japanese | English
  1. Invasive Species of Japan >
  2. Aves >
  3. Pycnonotus jocosus

Pycnonotus jocosus

Basic information
Scientific name Pycnonotus jocosus

Click to magnify

Common names Red-wiskered bulbul, Red-eared bulbul
Higher taxon Pycnonotidae, Passeriformes, Aves
Natural range S continental China, Indochina Peninsula, Myanmar, N India.
Habitat Around human habitat.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Hyogo, Tottori, and Kanagawa Prefs. Range in Japan
Origin Unknown.
Date There are records of import of this species since Edo Era (17C - mid 19C).
Route Deliberate: Escape or release of pet animal.
Impact Potentially: Competition with native birds and potential host of psittacosis. This species breaks eggs of other birds, in foreign country. Damage on agriculture.
Affected organism: Native birds (competition), mammals and birds (psittacosis), crops
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries Arabian Peninsula, Zimbabwe, Australia, USA, Hawaii, Mauritius, Seychells, etc.
Reference Notes
  • Eguchi & Amano (1999) Naturalization of exotic birds in Japan. Jpn J Ornithol. 47, 97-114 (in Jpn)
  • Eguchi & Amano (2004) Spread of exotic birds in Japan. Ornithol Sci. 3, 3-12.
  • Fukushi (2005) Advances on psittacosis. Modern Media. 51(7), 149-159 (in Jpn)
  • Kawakami & Kanouchi (2012) The Handbook of Introduced Birds in Japan. Bun-ichi Sogo Shuppan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Lepage (ed) (2003-2012) Avibase the world bird database (Accessed on 2012-6-07)
  • Long (1981) Introduced Birds of the World. David & Charles, Newton.
  • etc.