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Psittacula eupatria

Basic information
Scientific name Psittacula eupatria

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Common names Alexandrine parakeet
Higher taxon Psittacidae, Psittaciformes, Aves
Natural range Continental China, Indochina Peninsula, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan.
Habitat Farm land, urban area with many trees, etc.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Reproduction in Tokyo and occurrence in Kanagawa Pref. was recorded. Range in Japan
Date Appeared in 1961 to 1981 around Tokyo.
Route Deliberate: Escape or release of pet animal.
Impact Potentially: Competition with native birds and potential host of psittacosis. Damage on agriculture (feeding on corn seed) in native range.
Affected organism: Native birds (competition), mammals and birds (psittacosis), crops, etc.
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries Netherland, Turkey, Iran, Arabian Peninsula, Israel, North America, etc.
Reference Notes
  • Eguchi & Amano (2004) Spread of exotic birds in Japan. Ornithol Sci. 3, 3-12.
  • Eguchi & Fujimaki (eds) (2000) Check-List of Japanese Birds Sixth Revised Edition. The Ornithological Society of Japan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Fukushi (2005) Advances on psittacosis. Modern Media. 51(7), 149-159 (in Jpn)
  • Juniper & Parr (1998) Parrots. Pica Press, East Sussex.
  • Kawakami & Kanouchi (2012) The Handbook of Introduced Birds in Japan. Bun-ichi Sogo Shuppan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Kuroda (1968) Psittacidae of the World. Ornithol Soc Jpn, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Lepage (ed) (2003-2012) Avibase the world bird database (Accessed on 2012-6-07)
  • etc.