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  3. Sus scrofa

Sus scrofa

Basic information
Scientific name Sus scrofa

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イノシシ
Common names Wild boar, Eurasia Wild Pig
Higher taxon Suidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia
Natural range Asia, Europe, Africa.
Habitat Forest.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Ototojima Is. (Ogasawara), Okinoerabu Is. (Amami). Cross-bred feral pigs are established on wide area in the mainland of Japan. Range in Japan
Origin Japan
Date Unknown.
Route Deliberate: for sports fishing or hunting, escape of domestic animals.
Impact Hybridization with native populations. Harmful to agriculture. Zoonosis.
Native organism(s) affected: Native wild pigs, vegetation, crops, human.
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries S Africa, Lesser Sunda, Australia, N America, West Indies, C & S America,a Andaman, Mauritius, Hawaii, Fiji, New Guinea, Solomon, etc. (some of the feral populations are hybrids).
Reference Notes
  • Abe (ed) (1994) A Guide to Mammals of Japan. Tokai Univ. Press, Hatano (in Jpn)
  • Ecol Soc Jpn (ed) (2002) Handbook of Alien Species in Japan. Chijinshokan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Kawabata (ed) (1996) The Encyclopedia of Animals in Japan 1 Mammals I. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Ohdachi et al. (eds) (2009) The Wild Mammals of Japan. Shokabo, Kyoto.
  • Wilson & Reeder (eds) (2005) Mammal Species of the World 3rd ed. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore (Accessed on 2010-12-02) http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/
  • etc.
100 of the World's Worst Invasive Alien Species, 100 of the Japan's Worst Invasive Alien Species