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Erinaceus spp.

Basic information
Scientific name Erinaceus spp.

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Common names Hedgehogs of Genus Erinaceus
Higher taxon Erinaceidae, Erinaceomorpha, Mammalia
Natural range W Europe, Azores (E. europaeus, Mid East (E. concolor), E Europe (E. roumanicus), E Asia - NE Asia (E. amurensis).
Habitat Crop field, edge of forest, some kind of farm area, forest, grassland, rice field, swamp.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Established: Shizuoka and Kanagawa Prefs. Recorded: Iwate, Nagano, Toyama, and Tochigi Prefs. Range in Japan
Origin Unknown.
Route Deliberate introduction (as pet).
Impact Predation on native species.
Native organism(s) affected: Terrestrial small animals. Eggs of Birds.
Regulation in Japan Import, transport and keeping are legally restricted in Japan.
Introduced range in other countries Erinaceus europaeus introduced to New Zealand.
Reference Notes
  • DECO (ed) (2006) Dictionary of Alien Species. Tokyo-Shoseki, Tokyo. (in Jpn)
  • JWRC (ed) (2008) A Photographic Guide to the Invasive Alien Species in Japan. Heibonsha, Tokyo. (in Jpn)
  • Long (2003) Introduced mammals of the world: their history, distribution, and influence. CABI Publishing.
  • Ministry of the Environment, Japan. The Invasive Alien Species Act (Accessed on 2012-5-26)
  • Wilson & Reeder (eds.) (2005) Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. (
  • Abe (ed) (2008) A Guide to the Mammals of Japan. Tokai Univ. Press, Hadano (in Jpn)
All the species of Atelerix (except A. albiventris), Hemiechinus, and Mesenchinus are designated as Uncategorized Alien Species by the Invasive Alien Species Act (import and keeping in Japan require 6 months investigation for risk assessment).