2016-3-3

12th Asia-Pacific Eco-Business Forum in Kawasaki: Report of workshop session

18th of February, 2016 at seminar room of sub arena of Todoroki arena in Kawasaki city

"Towards Establishing an Industry-Academic-Government Cooperation to Promote the Kawasaki Model as an Environmentally Sustainable City in Southeast Asia"

1.Introduction

12th Asia-Pacific Eco-Business Forum in Kawasaki was held in Todoroki Arena on February 18th 2016 organized by Kawasaki City and co-organized by United Nations Environmental Program and National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Japan. The objective of this forum is to exchange information about advanced environmental technology and strategy, and for sharing the benefits of cooperation on the UNEP Eco-town Project. Further, in time with this forum, the Kawasaki International Eco-Tech Fair 2016 was convened. Eco-Tech fair is to collect and share technology and know-how that considers the environment from many fields and provides business matching. Both forms of the forum and eco-tech exhibitions are adopted to facilitate communications of different stakeholders and fruitful outcomes.

As part of the Eco-Business Forum, NIES had held one of the seminar sessions on the morning of February 18th to discuss the role of Industry-Academic-Government (IAG) Cooperation in supporting the process of low carbon scenarios and establish a sustainable eco industrial city in developing Asian cities through technology transfer. Sixty participants from governmental departments, universities & research institutes, environmental NGO and companies attended this session, including 24 guests from overseas such as Shenyang of China, Bandung of Indonesia, and Penang of Malaysia. Welcome speech was given by the Mayor of Kawasaki City, Mr. Norihiko Fukuda.

Photo1: Group photo of Participants

2.Presentations

Presentors

Under the good coordination of Dr. Fujii from NIES, five excellent speeches were given by presenters from academics, industry and NGO.

  • Prof.Tsuyoshi Fujita
    Director, Center for Social and Environmental Systems Research, NIES
  • Prof. Ucok W.R. Siagian
    Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), Indonesia
  • Mr. Toshiaki Ariyama
    Fujitsu Limited
  • Mr. Takamasa Hayashi
    Resource Circulation Network
  • Mr. Remi Chandran
    Center for Social and Environmental Systems Research, NIES
    Doctoral researcher at University of Twente, Netherlands

Dr. Fujii presented the introduction of this session.
“Within the current era of burgeoning environmental problems, it is imperative to carryout extensive efforts at a regional level to solve problems related to climate change, environmental pollution, and economic development. In this regard, Kawasaki city government has taken steps towards low carbon measures by conceptualizing the norms of eco-city where regional improvement is carried out by eco-town program and other measures. These low carbon initiatives are now disseminated to Asian cities through eco-town workshops, green innovation projects etc.”

   
Photo2(left) Dr. Fujii、Photo3(right)Panelists 

Prof. Tsuyoshi Fujita
"Eco-Industrial Network Challenges from Kawasaki Eco-town"

Photo4: Prof. Tsuyoshi Fujita

He introduced that Eco-town is important for Kawasaki with the circulation of wastes, energy and water. However, resource circulation did not happen at the beginning. The important keys for sustainable Eco-industrial conversion from Kawasaki Eco-town’s experiences are the combination of technologies, laws and social subsidization system. Kawasaki reduced waste materials and waste water through collaboration between industries and government, while many jobs were also created through Eco-town projects. Indicators and methods from academic perspective were also established to demonstrate how much materials and CO2 were reduced, and how useful eco-town is. Kawasaki not only concentrates on reducing material wastes, but also focuses on something new to recycle the waste heat. Now, Kawasaki is moving toward the smart symbiosis though creating big database, sharing information, combining ICT and cooperation with research institutes, i.e. NIES-Asian Institute of Technology (AIT)-Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES)-the University of Tokyo. The new smart system is hopefully to be applied to Asian cities, and NIES becomes a hub for such dissemination through project design and evaluation.

Prof. Ucok W. R. Siagian
"The role Industry-Academic-Government Cooperation to develop eco-cities in Indonesia"

Photo5: Prof.Ucok W.R. Siagian

He first introduced the definition and indicators of Eco-city, suggesting it should include indicators of health, economic growth, and natural environment, minimum impact on environment, natural resource, zero waste system, cultural values, and promoting education. Then he further introduced the roles of industry, government, and academy in eco-city. The industry should provide goods and materials. The government should provide services and academic institutes should educate the individuals. The current initiatives help Indonesia to reduce energy and material waste so that GreenHouse Gas (GHG) emission could be mitigated in the long run. Current trend analysis also shows that 1) large amount of GHG emissions from energy sector; 2) coal consumption need to be reduced by renewable energy; and 3) high energy demand in 2050. Hence, GHG emissions particularly from energy should be the focus. Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) project is implemented to assist Indonesia’s energy sector to reduce electrical consumption. ITB and NIES have strong collaboration in the field of monitoring electrical consumption and developing low-carbon model. The challenge we have is how to integrate different models into one model.

Mr. Toshiaki Ariyama
"The role of a global IT company towards promoting eco-cities in Asia"

Photo6: Mr. Toshiaki Ariyama

He first introduced their computing technologies that can collect both spacial and time data by using ICT. The data can set an important basis for Eco-city projects and researches. He then shared the project experience in Saudi Arabia through procedures of implementing sensor, data collection, setting up monitoring system, data analysis and recommendation. For Eco-industrial city, it monitors NOx, SO2, H2S, wind speed, and water quality. The Saudi Industrial Property Authority (MODON) headquarters gathered, i.e. professors, academic institutes, and city government in order to promote a multilevel cooperation. Currently, they have a new project in Indonesia using ICT to help local government monitor electrical consumption. It is already done for residential buildings and will be expanded to industrial complex in the near future. It is expected to promote a low carbon society by supporting the demand side management of urban energy consumption.

Mr. Takamasa Hayashi
"Green Innovation from Kawasaki City -From a Perspective of Recycling Business-"

Photo7: Mr.Takamasa Hayashi

He gave the idea that successful recycling business depends on a multilevel cooperation, i.e. industrial companies, academic institutes, and well-established social system in local area. He introduced famous Eco-industrial park cases in both Japan and China, and summarized that the advantages of Kawasaki was the coordination function of coordinators and NGO, accumulation of eco-businesses, supports from the government. Moreover, Kawasaki city government promotes ‘go out policy’ that let innovate companies go out of Japan and do business all over the world. Kawasaki is advocating a new concept of “Green Innovation” to promote international contribution and industrial innovation through new environmental technologies. He introduced an example of using recycling plastics to further produce H2 for local energy supply based on current NH3 production technology. It is expected to be expanded to overseas.

Mr. Remi Chandran
"Opportunities and Constrains in Bridging the Boundaries between Government, Academia and Industry in the Implementation of Low Carbon Technologies"

Photo8: Mr. Remi Chandran

He gave us two examples in Indonesia to show the failure of technology transfer because of policy issues. One is the land fill issue in Yogyakarta, which was well built, but proved to be operated as an open dump. The other is the failure in Bogor transportation traffic management, because policy problems overrules science & technological innovation. Therefore, he addressed the importance to consider the intermediary factors influencing a policy process before advocating technologies. The issues of implementation of technologies are political, cultural, financial, and social issues. Finally, he took the ongoing projects in Indonesia as an example to introduce the concept of “Expert Networks” that includes policy analysts, scientists, consultants, industrial engineers and researchers in government and non-government organizations as a frame for strengthening Government- Academia-Industry collaboration.

3.Discussion and conclusions

The audience and the presenters discussed about how to promote Industry-Academic-Government (IAG) collaborations. It is suggested that the problems or difference should be identified from different stakeholders first. Then it is important to know how to build a platform and bring different stakeholders together with their questions and difference. Different stakeholders should talk and work together to find solutions. They also think that keeping the standpoint is important, but it is also important to keep the cooperative atmosphere and learn from each other.

The panel presenters also discussed and gave their opinions on the importance of technological and social innovation for mitigation and adaptation of environmental problems. Prof. Fujita said that green innovation is important, but it is not the only. For example, some people would not like to invest for it since it needs a long time to benefit. Therefore, information sharing among the three IAG stakeholders, corresponding training and education, etc. are all important factors for innovation. Prof. Siagian thinks that technology innovation is a global challenge. It is important to build up innovative structure framework among industrials, academics, and governments so that they can communicate with each other at the same level. Mr. Ariyama expressed his opinion on how to make technology innovation root in a place by taking Saudi Arabia’s case as an example. He mentioned that to use the technical evidence and to show the simulated future effect are important ways to convince local people. This process needs the cooperation of IAG stakeholders. Mr. Hayashi thinks that there are two keys affecting technology transfer and innovation, investment/money and the education. National financing system should be established so support the technology innovation. Mr. Chandran expressed his opinion on social innovation. He highlighted the importance to educate the common people and improve their environmental awareness.

To sum up, technology transfer and innovation is not only technology itself. Factors such as education, investment, financing, information sharing, communication, social awareness and support of local people are all important aspects for technology transfer and innovation. The coordinator Dr. Fujii summarized that the cooperation between the three stakeholders (industrials, academics, and governments) played an important role in coordinating and solving all the above aspects to facilitate the technology innovation and technology transfer from Kawasaki to developing countries.

   
Photo9(Left):Participant asking a question, Photo10(Center):Mr.Chandran responding to the question
Photo11(Right):Panelist participating in discussion

  
Photo12(Left), Photo13(Center), Photo14(Right):Panelists participating in discussion

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